"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

England - page 17, Letter N.

N. Hetton see North Hetton


J & N Nadin & Co.Ltd., Stanton, Burton on Trent from  Kelly's Derbyshire Directory 1912.   Joseph & Nathaniel Nadin owned several collieries in the South Derbyshire area including Stanton & Stanhope.  Photo and info by Frank Lawson.

Nailstone Colliery, Leicester

Nailstone Colliery had been owned by Joseph Joel Ellis in the 1870's, before he went on to sink Ellistown Colliery and build a brickworks there. I have a mining reference to Nailstone brickworks still being in operation in 1923, but in another reference, the brickworks, kilns and colliery were derelict by 1930. Photos & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Frederick J Nash was manufacturing bricks at Halesowen in the 1890s and early 1900s, but this brick is from 20-30 years earlier. My theory is that this was manufactured by his father John Nash who was involved in a range of manufacturing businesses. He established a cement works canalside at Whimsey Bridge on Portway Road in Oldbury. Portway Brickworks lay adjacent to the cement works and within the same boundaries, so it is quite possible that this is the source of the brick. Found at the Oldfield reclamation yard in the West Midlands and photographed by Angel Rose.

National Brick Works, Watery Lane, Birmingham

Parkfield & National Brick Co. Bordesley Green & Keeley Street, Watery Lane, Birmingham Kelly's 1908. Photo by courtesy of the Harold Hands collection. Info by Martyn Fretwell.

See also the entry for Parkfield.

National, Heather & National Brick Co, Heather

Photos by Martyn Fretwell, See entry for Neal, Heather for Company history.


Possibly: - Henry Naylor, Newbold, Chesterfield, Derbys.  White's Sheffield & Rotherham Directory 1879. Post Office Derbyshire Directory 1876. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Naylor Bros, Denby Dale

Naylor Brothers are listed in Kelly's West Riding Directories of 1897 and 1908 under Firebrick Manufacturers and was principally a maker of salt glazed earthenware pipes. The works was situated by the station at Denby Dale, West Yorkshire. The stone viaduct in Denby Dale was officially opened in 1880 and was built by Naylor Bros. Naylor Bros stayed in Denby Dale and began the manufacture of clay pipes utilising deposits at the nearby village Bromleys clay pits. The firm operated in Denby Dale until 1993 when production was transferred to Cawthorne. Photo and info by Frank Lawson.

Neal, Heather

John French Neal, Heather, Ashby De-La-Zouch is recorded as brickmaker in Kelly's 1899 & 1900 editions. Neal & Co. Ltd were producing bricks at Heather, Leics. in 1901, by 1903 they had changed the company name to the National Brick Co. At a date unknown they amalgamated with the Star Brick & Tile Co. Ltd of South Wales. In 1971 the National Star Co. including the works at Heather was acquired by Butterley Brick / Hanson Plc. Closing fairly recently (2012), the site is being sold for redevelopment. Also see entries for National Brick Co.(England) & Star Brick & Tile Co.(Wales). Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Charles Neaverson

Charles Neaverson is listed as brickmaking at Peakirk, Peterborough in Kelly's 1898 edition & then at nearby Werrington in Kelly's 1906 & 1910 editions, both near Peterborough. Info by Martyn Fretwell, photos by Phil Burgoyne.

Photos by Nigel Furniss.

A Neill

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Archibald Neill (1825-1874) was born in Musselburgh and came to Bradford as a young man to work with his brother Robert, a contractor of Manchester. Neill remained in Bradford and rose to become the head of the most important building firm in the mid-19th century City. He employed 1000 men and had his own quarries (Oak Bank, Wrose Hill ashlar quarry) and sawmills. He finally concentrated most of his efforts at Field Head, Listershills, Bradford which was a very large site indeed. The only brick-mark I know of is  [A.NEILL]. It is possible that Neill's brickworks was not at Field Head since a press report describes the death by burning of an employee at 'Neill' s brickworks' at Batley Carr (between Batley and Dewsbury). Neill was was universally respected but died young of a chronic stomach ailment and was buried at Bradford's famous Undercliffe Cemetery.  Thanks to Derek Barker for the photo and information.


Photo by David Whipp.

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by Barbara Sutcliffe.

Photo by courtesy of Colin Driver.

Photo by Richard Matthews.

Hibson Road Brickworks Nelson and Barkerhouse Road Brickworks, Nelson were absorbed by the Altham Brick Co. to form the Nelson & Altham Brick Co.in 1893. Info from Colin Driver. PRBCO says that The Nelson Brick Company is listed in Kelly, Lancashire 1908.

Photo by Mark Cranston.

Photo by Jason Stott.

Netham Brick Co

Netham Brick & Tile Works, Bristol. Operated from 1895 - 1906. Photo & info by Eric Taylor.


Martyn Fretwell writes :- I believe this one was made by Joseph King & Co. at his Chapel Terra Cotta Works on Park Lane, Cradley, Halesowen, (see separate entry). The works was situated to the right of the Park Lane Tavern in an area called Netherend & the site now has factories built upon it. Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection. 

J Nethersole, Sandwich

No info - Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

New Brancepeth Colliery

Photo by Ian Hunter.

Photo by Steven Tait.

Photo by Jon Gluyas.  History of the colliery.

Photo by Chris Tilney.

New Byron Brick Co. Palterton, see entry for Byron

New Century, Darwen

Photos by Jason Stott.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

New Cross

The New Cross Brick Works (red) is listed in Kelly’s 1931 edition on Old Heath Road, Heath Town, Wolverhampton. It appears this brickworks was established to produce the bricks needed for the houses which were being built nearby. A 1960 newspaper advert reveals this New Cross Brickworks was now being run by the Hanbury Wharf Brick Co. Hanbury near, Droitwich. The 1967 OS map still shows this works.  Photo by Ray Martin, info by Martyn Fretwell.

New Ferry Tile & Brick Works

The business was established in 1879 and is listed as New Ferry Brick & Tile Works, New Chester Road, New Ferry, Birkenhead in Kelly's Directory for 1892. By 1896 it had become New Ferry Brick & Iron Works Ltd. Photo by Danny Rylands.

New Forest Brick Co

In 1936 the Weymouth Brick & Tile Company opened Downton Brickworks, south of Salisbury. Charles Mitchell & Sons Ltd. bought the brickworks in 1955. In 1975 some 40,000 bricks were made weekly. The works closed in 1991 but was reopened as the New Forest Brick Company in 1998 which became bankrupt in March 2000. Photo by Steve Ridgewell.

New Haden, Cheadle

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection. New Haden Colliery was acquired by John Slater in 1917 and became part of his Berry Hill group in 1922. A brickworks was opened at New Haden to use clay worked from measures adjacent to the Little Dilhorne seam at the colliery. It was still operating in 1947 although the colliery had closed in 1943 although looks as if in later the works was using pit shale from the tips as a raw material. Info by David Kitching.

New Hey

Newhey Brick & Terra Cotta Co. Ltd., Huddersfield Road, Newhey, Rochdale. The works opened in 1899 and was, in its later life, taken over by Pope & Pearson of Normanton, West Yorks. prior to its eventual closure in the 1930s.

Photo by David Fox.

Photos by Frank Lawson.

Photos by Phil Burgoyne.

Photo by Jason Stott.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Tom Jones.

New Monckton Collieries

New Monckton Collieries Ltd., Royston, Barnsley owned collieries at Havercroft, South Hiendley and New Monckton Colliery, Royston to the north east of Barnsley. Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

New P P Brick Co. Sheffield

New Plastic Patent Brick Co., Halifax Road, Wadsley Bridge, Sheffield.   White's Sheffield & Rotherham Directory 1905 / 1908 / 1911.

In White's Directories Charles Keyworth seems to mentioned for the first time in 1898 as the proprietor of the New Patent Plastic Brick Company in Wadsley Bridge. The last time he is mentioned is in 1913 when the address is given as Halifax Road. In 1916 The New Patent Plastic Brick Company in Halifax Road is listed wiith Mrs. Elizabeth Brindley as proprietress. Thereafter neither Company nor proprietress seem to occur any more but it seems that the site may have been taken over by The Sheffield Brick Co. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

New Peterborough Brick Co.

Photo by Tom Langton.  Brickmakers of Farcet and Fletton. Formed in 1896 as the Peterborough Brick Co. Ltd. but reformed after acquiring new sites in 1897 as the New Peterborough Brick Co. Ltd. Sold to the London Brick Co. Ltd. in 1924.

New Star Brick Co.

Peter Harris made this on the machine that came from New Star Works in Leicester at Barkby Thorpe.  The machine was exhibited at Snibston Museum which closed in 2015.


This brickworks on Massey Street, Newark was owned by Mrs. Emily Blagg and the history of her works can be read in this article by Tim Warner. Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of Newark & Sherwood Museum Services.


Spotted in the main yard at Claymills Pumping Station by Alan Murray-Rust.  Alan writes: Old maps show that the brickworks site was formerly a colliery, but with an associated ceramics industry. It first appears on the 1903 1:2500 as Staunton Colliery and Brickworks, the marked buildings being more prominently the latter than the former (? was the colliery still being sunk and the spoil used for brickmaking?). By 1923 it has become Worthington Colliery and Pipeworks. Although a couple of shafts are marked, there are no tramways shown, but there appear to be 8 round kilns. By the 1955 1:10560 edition it is simply Worthington Pipe Works, and there is a new colliery site (New Lount) to the south of Newbold village, possibly working the same deposits as the old pit. This shows some later structures at the pipeworks north of the original which when seen on the 1962 1:2500 include what I assume to be a rectangular Hoffmann-style kiln a bit to the north of the original site. This is where the still-existing chimney stands.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Thomas Newbon

Thomas Newbon is recorded in 1871 a sa brickmaker living at Dilhorne north of Blythe Bridge, North Staffordshire. The brickworks is probably the smaller of the two shown on Caverswall Road north of Blythe Bridge Station on the OS map surveyed in 1878. Found by Karen Proctor, photo by Ken Perkins.

Newbould & Carman

The The 1881 census lists Roger Newbould as the manager of a brick yard and publican, living at 33 Doctor's Piece, Willenhall. Roger's son William is listed in the 1901 census as a brick maker (worker) at Willenhall. However the LOndon Gazette in 1902 notes the death of James Carman, retired beer house keeper, formerly of Heanor, who had been in partnership with William Newbould at Noose Lane brick works in Willenhall and trading as Newbould and Carman. Found in Streetly by Angel Rose, photo by Ray Martin.


Photo by Tony Gray.

Newburn is a small town on the river Tyne to the west of Newcastle. The brickworks was part of the North Wallbottle and Blucher Colliery Company and had its own tram/railway system from the pit to the brickworks and on to the staiths at Lemmington-on-Tyne. The brickworks was in existence from the 1850s to 1965. The buildings were demolished in 1979 and the site is currently a council recycling plant. The sister plant, Throckley Brick Works (originally owned by the same company and on the same tramway) is still in existence and is owned by IBSTOCK although it has been modernised. Newburn bricks were mainly used for industrial building work including sewers, tunnels and arches. Thanks to Mick Lynch for the information. Photos by Ian Suddaby.

Photo by Saltburn Countryside Volunteers.


This brick only measures 12cms x 5cms x 3.5cms and is likely to be a salesman's sample or a small brick used in the construction of fireplaces. It was found in Derbyshire. Newby Bros, Broad Street and King Street, Ramsgate - The 1901 Directory of Clayworkers. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


Found on the Tyne. Photo by Mike Graham.


Photo by Chris Tilney.


Newdigate Brickworks, Surrey.  Photo by Richard Symonds.

Newdigate Colliery

Made in the brickworks at Newdigate Colliery in Warwickshire, The initials are for landowner Francis Alexander Newdigate. Photo by Steve Chaplin


Newfield was just outside Bishop Auckland in County Durham and was the site of Bolckow and Vaughan's brickworks.  Photo by Chris Tilney.


Martyn Fretwell writes: Made at Newington, near Sittingbourne.

William Newsome

William Newsome, Hunslet Hall Road, Leeds - White's Directory for Leeds, 1866. In 1870 he is listed at Stapleton Street, New Wortley. Photo by David Fox who found the brick in the Leeds area.

Newstyl: see Tucker, Loughborough


An article from the London Gazette:  John Salmon, Isaac Bircumshaw, John Rowbottom, and William Clarke Lowe, of Newtborpe, in the parish of Greasley, Nottinghamshire, Brick and Tile Makers, trading under the name of the Newthorpe Brick Company, is this day dissolved by mutual consent.'Dated this 16th day of January, 1879. Photo & Info supplied by Martyn Fretwell.

Newton - see Marbrow


Found by Chris Tilney near Hexham.

Found by Chris Tilney near Newburn, Newcastle upon Tyne. James Newton seems to have been a brick and tile merchant in London and he probably had these made in the north-east with his name on. Chris suspects that the bricks were manufactured at a brickworks in the vicinity of where found, probably Heddon.

Photos by Steven Tait.


Edward Newton, Melbourne Road, Leicester is listed in Wright’s 1878 & Kelly’s 1881 editions. The 1885 OS maps shows two old clay pits on Melbourne Road. Photographed in a garden in Hucknall by Martyn Fretwell.

E Newton

Edward Newton was a brick maker in Leicester in the late 1800's . He is listed as trading from 18 Cobden Street in a directory of 1870 and is then listed in Kelly's directory for 1881 at Melbourne Road. A map of 1884 shows a group of clay pits in this area but the owners are not individually  named on the map so it could be one of these that he owned. This brick was recovered from a house built in 1870 on Princess Road East.  Photo and info by Dennis Gamble.

Newton Cap

Photos by Chris Tilney.

David Oliver writes:  A firebrick works was set up here in the 1880's by Henry Stobart and Partners. It continued to operate into the 1980's when it was owned by the Hepworth Iron Company. Newton Cap Colliery and Brickworks were situated north of Bishop Auckland near Toronto, with a siding onto the Bishop Auckland to Durham railway line. Photos by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Steven Tait.

Photos by Neville Akers.

Newton Chambers

Newton Chambers Co.Ltd., Thorncliffe, Chapeltown, Sheffield.  Newton Chambers owned coal, chemical, steel and brick works at Chapeltown to the north of Sheffield. They also produced the famous "Izal" products and "Churchill" tanks during WW2. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection. See also Thorncliffe.

Newton, Daubhill

Newton may have been the predecessor of Higson at the Daubhill works in Bolton on the site of which this brick was found. Photo by Henry Lisowski.

Photo by David Kitching.

Newton, Lancs

Newton Brick Co. Ltd., Lyme Street, Newton le Willows, Lancs. Photo and info by Frank Lawson.

T Nicholls & Co. St. Enoder

Burthy Brickworks, Summercourt, Cornwall SW919557. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Nicholson & Hunter

There is a brickmaking business named Nicholson & Hunter listed in the 1858 at Medomsley, Gateshead. However, I think that this brick is a product of the partnership of J Nicholson and J Hunter as brickmakers at Bradley, Durham, which was dissolved in November 1858. Photo by Steven Martin.

Nightingale & Bushell, Dover

Nightingale and Bushell were builders and contractors in the Dover area from the 1850s to 1870s. They seem to have had their own brickworks near the Canterbury Road as there were complaints about smoke pollution in 1869. Photo by Michael Young.


The Noble families operated brickworks at both Penshaw, south of the Wear and at Washington to the north. This standard sized firebrick could therefore have been produced at either location, the simplified lettering giving no clues as to its age. Without an initial, directories quote both 'T' and 'T.R.', tying it down is almost impossible, unless of course you can offer some further information?  Photo and info by Arthur Brickman.

Thomas Noble began manufacturing bricks at South Hylton on Wearside in 1826.In 1835 he moved his production to Whitefield Pit, Penshaw where it remained until 1876. During this time his two sons Robert and Thomas Robinson Noble joined the business. The 1851 census indicates that they were employing 17 men.By 1876 Thomas and his two sons had died both in their 30's and both leaving young families with no one to carry the business forward. Info from John Noble.

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Both found at Ard Neackie Limekilns, Loch Eriboll, Sutherland.  The kilns were made in the 1870's so these bricks could well be that old.

W. Nock, Erdington

Started by William Nock (born Birmingham around 1855, died 1894) in the 1870's with large pit located at Holly Lane, Erdington, Birmingham. After closure, the pit was used for waste disposal, including industrial waste. It was later capped and became an open space although there are outline plans to build 250 homes on the area.  Photo and info by Ray Martin.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Chris Thorburn Collection.

Photos by Martyn Fretwell.

This one has an added 'Star of David'. Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the John Baylis Collection.

The Nock business was run by Executors for at least 25 years after William's death, before it became a Limited company. Info from Martyn Fretwell, photo by Alex Cartwright.

J Noden & Co. Hanley

Joseph Noden started his brickworks which was located just off Leek New Road, Sneyd Green in 1874 & he is listed in Kelly's 1880 to 1900 editions at Sneyd Green, Cobridge, Burslem, SOT. Noden & Co also produced bricks for the Potteries Brick Company. Info by Martyn Fretwell & Photo by David Kitching.

Photo by Phil Burgoyne.

Nonporous Tile Co.

The Nonporous Tile Co, High Carr Tileries, near Chatterley in North Staffordshire. The works was close to the High Carr Colliery of Ralph Sneyd to which he built a railway branch in 1860. The pit was mainly supplying ironstone to the Goldendale Ironworks. By 1872 the works was in the possession of J.H. Williamson who was running the ironworks with his brother E.W. Williamson. The first reference to the Non-Porous Tile Co is in 1894 and then in 1897 the trade directories list J.H. Williamson & Co, High Carr Tileries. They opened a new brickyard in 1897 and in 1898 it had five beehive kilns. It appears that this was a replacement for the works at the old High Carr Colliery as by this time a new pit had opened a short distance to the south of the original one which had been abandoned.  In 1920 the works is stil listed as J.H. & E.W.Williamson Co, Non-Porous Tile Works, but in 1924 it is under the Nonporous Tile Co. Shortly after the High Carr Tileries were acquired by J.F.E. Rowley Ltd and they subsequently ran the business in their own name until it closed in 1956.  Photo & info by David Kitching.

Photo by Chris Jamson.

Nonsuch, Epsom

History of the works.  Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Steve Philpott.

Norbury Colliery

The Norbury Colliery brickworks was operated by Messrs Clayton & Brooke in the nineteenth century. The works was located behind the Robin Hood pub on the north side of the main road from the colliery which was situated between Hazel Grove and High Lane in Cheshire. It appears that brickmaking ended with the closure of the colliery in 1892. Photos and info by David Kitching.

Found near Taxal in Cheshire by Frank Lawson.

David Kitching writes: this is almost certainly pre-1878 when the pit where I found it was closed and there has been no development use of the (very rural) area since.

Norbury Moor

David Kitching writes: The Norbury Moor brickyard was situated on Jackson's Lane in Hazel Grove, near Stockport, Cheshire, and appears to have started production c1890. It still appears on the 1907 surveyed 25" OS map, but probably didn't survive the First World War. The map shows a large preparation building and four round kilns. The works, which made bricks and pipes was leased from the Lyme Estate by Moore & Bristow who also had another brickyard in Hazel Grove.

Nori: see Accrington Nori


Made by E & R Norman of Chailey Potteries, East Sussex. The brickyard was opened in the late 17th Cent, extended to the north and east in the 19th & 20th centuries and were still in operation in 1993 as part of the Redlands group. Richard Calchin had two brick-kilns on South Common in 1711. John Pullman acquired the site in 1721 and sold it to George Colvin in 1734. In 1762 John Billinghurst of Ditchling brickworks became the owner and in 1792 his trustees sold the yard to Richard Norman, who was already working there. The business was then managed by successive generations of the Norman family until it was sold to Redland Bricks Ltd in 1959. They produced kiln-fired bricks, tiles and drainpipes with glazed and unglazed pottery and mathematical tiles added to the range in the 19th century; since 1960 clamp bricks only.( M. Beswick, Brickmaking in Sussex, pages 129-130.)  Photo and research by Richard Symonds collection.

Norman & Underwood

The company was started by Thomas Norman and Thomas Underwood as plumbers and glaziers in Leicester in 1825. Thomas Underwood's son John joined the company in the 1860's and became a partner. By the 1880's the company was employing fifty men & boys, it was at this time the company diversified into building & brickmaking. The company was originally on Freeschool Lane for 180 years and now the site is part of the Highcross Shopping Centre. The present day company - high quality roofing & glazing is run by seventh generation decendant, Johnathan Castleman.  Info and Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


A brickworks located close to Nunthorpe, South of Middlesbrough.  Found at South Gare, near Redcar, August 2008 by Alex Betteney.

Photos by Liz Robinson.

Photo by Jon Gluyas.

Found in Longframlington, photo by Alan Murray Rust.

Photo by Nevile Akers.

Photos by Jane Gough.

Photo by Liz Robinson.

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Steven Tait.

Normanton Brick Co.

Photo by Nigel Furniss.

Normanton Brick Co., Wakefield Road, Normanton, West Yorks. The company was founded in the 1890s by a Thomas Kirk from Nottingham, who had heard rumours that Normanton was rapidly turning into an important junction on the railways. Both Kirk and his sons used their life savings and formed the Normanton Brick Company which had works in Normanton and at nearby Altofts and which finally closed in 2011. Photos by Frank Lawson.

Photo by David Kitching.

Image PRBCO.

Photo by Guy Morgan.

C H Normanton

Charles H Normanton, Portsmouth Street, Chorlton on Medlock, Manchester - Slater's Manchester & Salford Directory 1895. Photo by David Kitching.

Norris, H Hempsted

 It's recorded that the Norris family established a brickworks at Leverstock Green, Hemel Hempstead in 1848. D. Norris & Son are listed in Kellys 1860 edition through to it's 1882 edition. Kellys 1886 edition now records Robert R. Norris as the owner of the Leverstock Green Works & Robert continues to be listed up to 1899 edition. Around 1897 Robert establishes a new works at nearby Bennetts End (as shown on the 1897 OS map) & was called the Acorn Works. Robert R. Norris's company was then re-named & Kellys 1902 edition records the Leverstock & Acorn Red Brick Co. with Richard R. Norris as Managing Director at Bennetts End, Hemel Hempstead, so Richard R. Norris had taken over. The 1897 map still shows the Leverstock Green works, but it's not shown on the 1923 map, so with the listing of only the Bennetts End works in 1902 the Leverstock Green works must have closed by 1902. Richard. A. Norris is now recorded as Managing Director from Kelly's 1908 edition through to it's 1933 edition. The 1937 edition only lists the company name. The last listing for the L & A Red Brick Co. is in the 1944/5 edition of the Herts & Essex Trade Directory & the works may have closed soon after as the land was acquired for the "New Town" development. Also see entry for Leverstock & Acorn Red Brick Co. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Norfolk & Suffolk Brick Co

The Norfolk & Suffolk Brick Co. Ltd. is listed in Kellys 1925 edition with Walter Cooper as manager & with two works; Somerleyton & Victoria Brick Works, Beccles. The Somerleyton works had previously been owned the Somerleyton Brick Co. up to 1923 when it was taken over by the Norfolk & Suffolk Brick Co. The Somerleyton works closed in 1939. Also see Lucas Brothers, Daniel Knights & Somerleyton Brick Co. entries as they are the same works. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

North Bitchburn, Darlington

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Photo by Steven Pinder.

Photo by The Brickworks Museum.

Found at Byers Green, Durham. Photo by Liz Robinson.

Found near Chesterfield by Simon Patterson.

North Bitchburn is located 3km south of Crook. County Durham.  These firebricks are spread far and wide.  Listed in P.J. Davison, Brick and tile works sites in North East England c1970 as Sanitary Pipe and Fireclay Works, North Bitchburn Colliery 1879 - 1969.

Found at Long Marton Station, Cumbria by Antony Meadows.

Photo by David Plumpton.

Photo by Neville Akers.

Photo by Steven Tait.

North Cornwall Brick & Tile

Photo by Ian Wiliams.

North Cornwall Brick & Tile Co Ltd, St Columb Rd SW911595

North Cornwall Brick & Tile Co Ltd, Tolcarne SW818614.

Found at St Austell by Ian Williams.

Photos by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

North Derbyshire Fire Brick Company

The North Derbyshire Fire Brick Works was at Mill Brow, Ludworth, near Marple, was founded in 1873. The North Derbyshire Brick And Tile Manufacturing Company Limited was established to run the business and seems to have traded until at least 1878. Photo by Frank Pleszak.

N.E. Brick & Tile

Photo by Chris Tilney.

North Eastern Bricks Ltd, Bedlington

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Chris Tilney.

Photo by Mark Cranston.

North Eastern Railway

Found in the Blaydon area. Photo by Steven Tait.

North Greaves Brick Co.

The North Greaves Brick Co. was at Masborough, Rotherham & from info found may have been owned by the Robinson family. Info at this Link. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

North Hetton

North Hetton Coal Co.

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Photo by Steve Smith.

Photos by Steven Tait.

Photo by Steven Pinder.

North Walsall Brick Co.

In 1896 G Williams & Son are listed at North Walsall and Birchills Brickworks. This was at the end of Northcote Street and south of North Walsall station. I suspect that they traded as the North Walsall Brick Company. See also the Birchills & North Walsall entry. Photo by Ray Martin.

North & Pflaum

Photo by Martyn Fretwell, from the Phil Sparham Collection.  Phillip Rothery has added some background information:  Benjamin North is listed in trade directories from 1863 as sole maker.  By 1890, North is in partnership with Raywood and by 1898 he is in partnership with Pflaum at Wortley Moor Road, Leeds.  the two names are linked in the directories until 1911/1912 although there is a later entry in 1922.  The 1908 edition lists North & Pflaum (white, glazed and coloured), Wortley Firebrick Works, Upper Wortley Road, Leeds.

North & Raywood

Benjamin North was in partnership with Raywood by 1890 until by 1898 the partnership changed to North & Pflaum at Wortley Moor Road, Leeds. Photo by Eric Toft.

Benjamin North, Wortley

Photo by David Kitching.

Benjamin North, Wortley Firebrick Works, Upper Wortley Road, Leeds.  Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by Chris Worrell.

Northam - Eye Green

Found on the site of the factory at Eye Green, near Peterborough. One of many small manufacturers around Peterborough.  Subsumed by the London Brick Co. in the 1920s.  Photo and info by Chris Dixon.  Link to history of the works.

Photo by LBC Steve.


Northcot Brickworks , Blockley, Moreton in Marsh, Gloucs.   The Northcot brickworks was started by Captain Spencer Churchill, a cousin of Sir Winston Churchill, back in 1927 to provide employment for people in the area, particularly those on his estate, and to him it was as much a hobby as a business. Following Captain Churchill's death in 1964 E.H. Smith purchased the site and still continue brick production. Info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


Photo by Phil Burgoyne.

Photo by Conn Crawford.

The Northern Brick Ltd, Head Office appears to have been at Mitford House, Ponteland, Newcastle Upon Tyne. In April 1968 the National Coal Board broke their brick manufacturing works down into three companies. Scottish Brick, Midland brick and Northern brick. The Northern Brick Company consisted of 15 brickworks. On 12/02/1969 a newspaper advert states that the Northern Brick Company consisted of 14 brick works making 25 varieties of facing, engineering and common brick. The largest of these works appears to have been the Throckley Brickworks at Newcastle. They also consisted of the The Holmside plant at Annfield Plain and the Bearpark works near Durham City which were closed c.1974? There was also a brickworks near Wardley Colliery.

In November 1973, Gibbons Duddley Limited bought out the Northern Brick Company from the National Coal Board and the company was renamed Gibbons Northern Brick Company Limited. The Northern Brick Company consisted of 11 brickworks in the Durham and Northumberland area. Ten of these works were producing building bricks and high quality facing bricks while the 11th works produced fireclay refractories. In May 1978 Gibbons Duddley spent £5 million on a new brick manufacturing plant at Throckley and it was described as the largest in Europe. In c.1979 Gibbons Northern Brick Company Limited became part of the Steetley Brick Company.

Photo and info by Mark Cranston.

Northern, Summerseat

Photo by Phil Burgoyne.

The Northern Brick and Terra Cotta Company Limited built a brickworks on the site of the former Springfield Railway Wagon Works between Walmersley and Summerseat at some point after October 1895. By 1900 the business was placed into voluntary liquidation and it is believed that the works continued under the management of Tomlinson, Summerseat. Info by Martyn Fretwell. Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

North Shields

Made in North Shields on Tyneside.  Photo taken at Beamish.

Photo taken by George.

North Staffordshire Brick and Tile Co.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Part of a large batch found at a recycling centre. Photos by Nigel Furniss.

The North Staffordshire Brick & Tile Co. Ltd. had an extensive works at Chesterton, 
Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs. VITROS seems to have been a trade brand which the
company used for a number of its products. Photo by David Kitching.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

This example is a VITROS smooth red 1' inch thick paviour/ coping brick.
Thanks to Tim Lawton for the above information.

North Staffordshire Brick Co.

Martyn Fretwell writes :- There is the possibility that the N.S. on this Hartshill brick could stand for North Staffordshire. There is a North Staffordshire Brick & Tile Co. at Chesterton (Vitros Brand) but the two companies may be unrelated. With the help of Tim Lawton who has found one of these bricks on Garner Street, Stoke, Tim has established that a brickworks that he has found on a map dated 1879 located between todays North Street & the old Market Drayton railway branch line is a good contender for where this brick was made. This Hartshill works may have closed by 1890 as it is no longer shown on a map dated 1899 & I have found no trade directory entries for a N.S. Brick Co at Hartshill. If anyone can confirm the company name of this brick, please let me know.


Photo taken at Bursledon Brick Museum by Martyn Fretwell.


Nostell Brick & Tile Co Ltd., Swine Lane, Nostell, Wakefield. The works is still open today as part of Ibstock Brick. It contains a very old building from the early 1900's that continues to be used for making special bricks. Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection. 

Photo by Chris Tilney.

Reversed letters on this example photographed by Martyn Fretwell.

John Nottingham, Pocklington

John Nottingham was running the Burnby Lane Brickworks at Pocklington in 1879. Info from the Pocklington History website and photos by Carla van Beveran.

Nottingham & Awsworth Brick Co.

Nottingham & Awsworth Brick Co. Awsworth, Nottingham Kelly's 1876 edition.  Info & Photographed at Derby Silk Mill Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

Nottingham Builders Brick Co.

The Nottingham Builders Brick Co. is first recorded in Kelly's 1876 at Sneinton Hill. In the 1885 edition the works is then recorded as Carlton Road, which may be the same site and this works continues to be listed in Kelly's until it's final available edition in 1941. The works closed in the late 1950's / early 1960's.

It is thought that this blue brick was either made in the West Midlands for the Company or clay was brought to Nottingham from the West Midlands to manufacture these bricks at their Carlton Road works, as the type of clay needed for blue bricks is not found in Nottingham. Info & Photos by Martyn Fretwell.

Nottingham Patent Brick

The Nottingham Patent Brick Co. was formed by two Nottingham brickmakers Edward Gripper & William Burgass in 1867 & they were later joined by Robert Mellors in 1881. This company is record in Kelly's from 1876 with works at Carlton & Mapperley with entries for Thorneywood Lane, Woodborough Road, Mapperley Hill, Burgass Road & Arnold all being listed in later editions. In 1969 production at Mapperley & Carlton Hill ceased only leaving Dorket Head at Arnold. The brick inscribed made at middle yard Mapperley 2nd May 1969 was the last brick to be made there. In 1976 the company dropped Patent from it's name & then in 1987 the Dorket Head Works was acquired by the Marley Brick Co. The works changed hands again in 1993 becoming part of the Tarmac Group. 1996 sees the change to the present day owners of the works Ibstock. The Company is most famously known for producing the millions of bricks required in the building of St. Pancras Railway Station & Hotel in the 1860's. Info & Photos by Martyn Fretwell, Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries.

Commemorative last brick from Mapperley works. Photo by Martyn Fretwell, Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries.

Photo by Jeff Sheard, Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Numax A

Found at the old Workington steelworks site. Manufactured by G R Stein this high alumina firebrick may have been made in the Sheffield area but could also be of Scottish origin. Photo by Richard Cornish.

G H N - George Harvey Nunn

George Harvey Nunn ran the Bradfield St. George brickworks, Suffolk from 1885 to when it closed in 1892. Photo by Martyn Fretwell & Info by David Addy.

Nunnery Colliery

Nunnery Colliery was sunk in the early 1860's close to the city centre of Sheffield and a brickworks was established in the early 1900's, producing half a million bricks per month. The colliery & brickworks were Nationalised in 1947 with the pit closing in 1953. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell from the David Penney Collection.

Photos by Frank Lawson.

G. Nutter, Kettering

 G. Nutter, Wellingborough Road, Kettering is listed in Kellys 1854 edition, then the 1869 edition reads, G. Nutter, Horse Market, Kettering. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.

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