"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

Scotland page A: letters D to G

Letter D



Photo by Mark Cranston.  Made by G R Stein.

Dalmellington Iron Company

The original Dunaskin brickworks was situated in Dunaskin Glen at Waterside, Ayrshire.  The brickworks was built in the 1850's by the Dalmellington Iron Company to serve the ironworks at Waterside.  The Dalmellington Iron Company was founded in 1848 by Henry Houldsworth, a Glasgow cotton mill owner.  The company owned the ironworks at Waterside and operated a number of mines in the surrounding area.  The brickworks manufactured firebricks for lining the furnace and for building the ancillary buildings, such as the workshop range, needed to service the ironworks.  The brickworks in Dunaskin Glen closed in 1928 and was resited on the ground where the furnaces used to stand.  The bricks were stamped DICO, standing for Dalmellington Iron Company.  The ironworks closed in 1921 but the company continued to operate their mines until 1930 when bankruptcy caused the company to fold.  In 1931 the brickworks was taken over by William Baird and a new company formed, Baird and Dalmellington Ltd.  The Brickworks featured a Staffordshire transverse arch kiln that had 14 connected chambers which were heated to 1,100-1,200'C by an under-floor heating system.  The draught from the chimney drew heat through each chamber and up to 16,000 bricks were fired for two weeks in each chamber.  In 1947 the brickworks came under the ownership of the Scottish Brick Company after nationalisation of the industry.  The brickworks closed in 1976.  A stained glass window, dating from the 1850s,that hung in the registered offices of the Dalmellington Iron Company was in the now defunct visitor centre at Dunaskin.  Information taken from the scran database.

Photo by David Kitching.


Found on the seashore in Ballantrae, Ayrshire by Christine. Dalquharran Brick & Tile Works was adjacent to the Romilly Colliery site at Wallacetown in the Parish of Dailly in Ayrshire. The works is believed to have
operated from c1859 to c1915.  Info by David Kitching.


Carsehead Brickworks, 1851 - 1977.

Martin Briscoe found this one on the beach at Portencross, Ayrshire

Found on the seashore in Ballantrae, Ayrshire by Christine.


Martin Briscoe photographed these three in Fort William

Found by Martin near Kilvickeon Old Churchyard on the Isle of Mull


Drumpark Brickworks, Bargeddie, Glasgow, Lanarkshire.

Found on the seashore at Prestonpans, East Lothian.

Found on a different seashore, this time by Ian Sinclair in Renfrewshire.

Joseph Hodgkiss found these two examples near Killin, Stirlingshire.

Photo by Alan Murray Rust

Photo by Guy Morgan.


Found in Dundee. Photo by Brian Whyte.

Dixon A

Spotted by Peter Robinson near Moffat, Dumfriesshire.

Spotted near Falkirk by Richard Paterson


A Scottish firebrick, found at a Spondon reclamation yard by Martyn Fretwell.

Photographed in Corris, Powys.

Dougal, Winchburgh

Winchburgh Brickworks, West Lothian, 1873 - 1970s

Found at the site of RAF Oban at Kerrara by Martin Briscoe, made in West Lothian

Found on waste ground in Edinburgh by Joseph Hodgkiss

Found on the foreshore at Boness, West Lothian by Paul Shave.


Photo by Tony Gray.

Photo by Martin Briscoe, Messrs J Dougall & Sons, (Bonnyside Fireclay Works), Bonnyside Brickworks, High Bonnybridge 1896 - 1967.

Found by Wm. A Allan in the wreck of a tugboat used for hauling logs on the French River in Ontario, Canada.  The tugboats were also known as alligators.

Sent in by Vladimir who found it in Kaliningrad, Russia.

Douglas Firebrick Company

Simon Ratty writes:  This is probably made by the Douglas Firebrick Co Ltd of Dalry Ayrshire which was operational by 1917 and believed to have closed in September 1945. The works apparently used clay from the nearby Monkcastle Fireclay Mine. From what I can can gather there's a number of remains surviving on the site and the Royal Commission on Ancient Historic Monuments of Scotland does have a series of photos. A number of these were found during excavation work at Ystalyfera Iron Works in South Wales. Photo by Martin Fretwell.

Photo by Tony Gray.

Photo by Charles Hindmarsh.

 Found in a reclamation yard near Towcester by Nigel Furniss

Thanks to Mark Cranston forpointing out this reference:

"The VIIth International Ceramic congress was held in Britain in 1960, and on 24th May the members visited the Douglas Works at Dalry. A small descriptive booklet was issued for the occasion describing the various Douglas firebrick brands, and the high alumina Triangle brands based on calcined bauxite from Guyana, and the local bauxitic fireclays from high Smith-stone mine, and the Langside mine at Galston. The bauxitic clays were calcined in a shaft kiln with a capacity of about 3,000 tons a year, while firebricks amounted to about 25,000 tons a year. A most profitable range of refractory cements and castables added another 7,000 tons a year".

Photo by Frank Lawson collection.


Found by Martin Briscoe on the beach at Portencross, Ayrshire

'Doura works By Irvine' , unearthed in West Kilbride by Lee Robinson


Dourie is a trade mark of P and M Hurll, Gartliston Brickworks, Glenboig and was used for firebricks made with a mixture of poorer quality Ayrshire clay and local fire clay to provide a cheaper product for less demanding applications.  Photo and info by David Kitching.

Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.


The Shieldmains Collieries are the likely source of this brick. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Dubs & Co.

Dubs & Co. Locomotive builders Glasgow 1864 until 1903 then amalgamated with Sharpe Stewart Co, & Neilson Reid Co to form North British Locomotive Co.  Photo by Alwyn Sparrow.

Dunsmuir, Clackmannan

Fordell Mains Colliery Company, Brucefield Brickworks 1924 - 1960s at Brucefield Colliery. At nationalisation the brickworks passed to NCB.  Photo and information by David Kitching.


Photographed at Summerlee Museum. Dykehead Firebrick Works, Bonnybridge, closed in 1960's.

Photo by Mark Cranston.

Letter E


Made by Craigend Refractories, Muiravonside, Falkirk who also made bricks marked 'Falcon'. Info from Mark Cranston, Photos by Chris Tilney.


Probably made by the Edinburgh Collieries Company

Found on the Solway shore near Annan by Diane Rennie


Eglinton Silica Brick Co. Ltd. produced firebricks from the 1860s at Dundyvan Silica Brick Works near Coatbridge. Photo and information by David Kitching

Unearthed by Lee Robinson while demolishing a wash house in West Kilbride


The Scottish Brick History website suggests that this may be a product of James Dougall & Sons, Bonnybridge. This one was found on the shoreline between Llanelli and Burry Port by Hugh Owen

A well worn example found on Llanelli beach by Simon Phillips.

Etna: see Giscol

Letter F


Photo by Richard Symonds, taken at Amberley Chalkpits Museum. Made at Craigend Refractories, Muiravonside, Stirlingshire.


Found at a recycling centre in Edinburgh.  Thanks to Joseph Hodgkiss for the contribution.  Faskine Brickworks, Coatbridge, 1899 - 1911.

Fauldhead - see N.C.B. Fauldhead

Finlay, Hamilton

Spotted by Martin Briscoe at a World War II radar station at Borve Castle, Benbecula.  Hamilton Brickworks, 1936 - 1950.


Another found by Martin Briscoe on the foreshore at Fort William.  Gateside Brickworks, Cambuslang, 1899 - 1947.


Fordel Colliery Brickworks, St. Davids, Inverkeithing, Fife.  Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


Made at Roughcastle Firebrick Works, Bonnybridge.  Photo by Chris Tilney.

Found by Robert Runyard at the old freezer plant in Puerto Bories in southern Chile.

Found at Larbert by Richard Patterson.


Found on a Renfrewshire seashore by Ian Sinclair.  Eric Flack writes: "FRANKFIELD" bricks were made in Carntyne in Glasgow.  I Used to watch them coming out the kilns.  I think the works closed in the 1970s.  They made traditional Scottish bricks from colliery waste: black shale.

Found at a torpedo testing site in Arrochar at Loch Long by Ian Sinclair.


Found on a Renfrewshire seashore by Ian Sinclair.  Alex Frew & Co operated two brickworks to the east of Airdrie in Lanarkshire. Rawyards Brick Works commenced working in the late 19th century, whilst the Drumbathie Brickworks to the south of Rawyards was in production from the early 20th century.  Production at this latter works ceased c1960.  Info by Tarboat

Letter G


Discovered in the Redhall district of Edinburgh by Joseph Hodgkiss, the history of this works is unknown


Found in Chile by Juan Valdivia.

Found in Puerto Bories, Southern Chile by Robert Runyard.


Peter and Mark Hurll, Garnqueen Fireclay Works, Glenboig, Lanarkshire. Found near the site of Carmarthen Bay Power station by Hugh Owen. Info from Mark Cranston.


Photographed at Hirum Walkers Distillery, Dumbarton by Ian Sinclair.  Garrowhill works, Glasgow, ca 1928 - ca 1945.

Found at Erskine by the River Clyde by Rig Rat. 

Garscube, Glasgow

Photo and information by David Kitching.


Photos by Mark Cranston


Thanks to the Gartcosh Local History Group for these contributions.  Gartcosh is about two miles from where the Glenboig and Heathfield brickworks were sited. There were also brickworks called Gartcosh Fire Clay Works nearby, open from 1863-1950.


A district of Glasgow.  Found on a Renfrewshire seashore by Ian Sinclair.  Works open 1876 - 1918.

Photographed at Summerlee Museum.

Photographed at Sunbury Plantation House in Barbados by Paul Davies.


Photo by Mark Cranston.


Photographed at Hirum Walkers Distillery, Dumbarton by Ian Sinclair.  Gartshore Brickworks, Kilsyth, 1934 - 1981.

Found by Martin Briscoe in Glenfinnan.


Part of the Summerlee collection, photo by Monkland Memories.


Made at Gateside Brickworks, Lanarkshire before 1947. Found at Spiers Wharf in Glasgow.  Photo and info by Scottish Brickmarks.

Gibb & Sons, Auchinlee

Photo by Phil Jenkins.

Made in Motherwell, 1893 - 1915.


Gilbertfield colliery and brickworks, Cambuslang, Lanarks. Owned by the
Cambuslang Coal Company. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Gilchrist & Goldie

Gilchrist & Goldie, Crow Road, 18 Glasgow 7?.  Made at the Woodend Brickworks and found by Lairich Rig in Renton.  Works open 1863 - 1883.

Old Langside Road, 18 Glasgow 82.  Photographed at Summerlee Museum.

Gilchrist & Goldie, Langside Road, Glasgow. The Post Office Glasgow Directory 1882 lists: - "Gilchrist & Goldie, brickmakers, 40 St. Enoch Sq. ; brickfields, Butterbiggins, head of Eglinton St. ; Shawfield toll, Rutherglen Road ; Crow Rd., Partick." Info from Frank Lawson, photo by David Kitching.

Gilmour, Kilmarnock

Found on the seashore in Crosby, Merseyside.  Bonnyton Fireclay Works, 1876 - 1899.


David Kitching writes: Giscol (registered as a company in 1888) was the trading name of the Glasgow Iron & Steel Company Limited an iron and steel producer with foundries and iron works situated in West Central Scotland. Today the name is used by Caradale Traditional Brick Ltd after a management buyout of the company in 1997. Today the company has two brickworks - the Etna works at Armadale, West Lothian and the Mayfield works at Carluke, Lanarkshire.  Caradale is unique in the traditional brick making sector in that it uses shale clays. They're more difficult to work but they make a harder, more durable brick suitable for the extremes of British weather.  Some photos of the works are here. Photo by Frank Lawson.

The Etna works was at Bathville near Armadale in West Lothian. It was one of the largest common-brick works in Scotland, making stiff-clay bricks from blaes (hardened clay or shale).  There were four Hoffman continuous kilns here, two of c1897, with rounded ends and central chimneys.  The two oldest kilns were out of use by the mid 1980s and have since been demolished.  Information taken from the scran database. Photo by Don Boldison.

Found on waste ground in Edinburgh by Joseph Hodgkiss

Photo by David Kitching.

Photo by Frank Lawson.


 The brickworks was just to the east of Gladsmuir on the south of the old A1 and operated from around 1840 to around 1879.  Photo and info by Scottish Brickmarks.


Photo by Dave Orr who writes: The brickworks were to the north of the present village. They also produced tiles and some examples can be seen in the Glamis Folk Museum in the village


There is an excellent film of this works in operation here 

Found in an 1880's house in Manchester by John T Pitman

Both found on a Renfrewshire seashore by Ian Sinclair.  The bottom one reads Starworks Glenboig.  Robert Murray adds:  The Glenboig Union Fireclay Co. had two brickworks in the village, the 'Old Works' and 'The Star Works'. The former closed in 1964 and the latter circa. 1974.

Martyn Fretwell writes:  The J.D. stands for the brickworks owner, James Dunnachie. I found this one at the Long Shop Museum, Leiston, Suffolk, Where Richard Garrett made steam engines and agricultural machinery for 200 years. I was reading the info boards and I read one of his brothers made bricks. So I asked the owner, if there were any bricks with his name on in the museum. He said no, but he showed me around the back to look at a pile of bricks and we found this one.

Found at Stoke Bruerne near Towcester, Northants by Nigel Furniss.

Photo by David Kitching.

Photo by Ian Williams.

 Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.

Photo by Tony Gray.

Photo by Mark Howard.

Photo by Charlotte Buckley who spotted it at a tip in Broxburn, West Lothian.

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photographed at Sunbury Plantation House in Barbados by Paul Davies.


Photo by Mark Cranston.


Photo by Mark Cranston.

Goldie, Glasgow

Part of the Summerlee collection, photo by Monkland Memories.


Grangemouth fire brick works, situated behind the village of Skinflats alongside Grangemouth Colliery, Zetland Pit No.1, and linked to Carron Iron Works by a waggonway. The works was operating before 1866. 1912 saw the closure of Grangemouth Pits and the Brick Works.  Photo and information by David Kitching.


Part of the Summerlee collection, photo by Monkland Memories.

Greenhill Omoa

Made at Greenhill Colliery, Cleland near Motherwell, 1873 - 1914. Photo by Phil Jenkins.

Found on waste ground in Edinburgh by Joseph Hodgkiss.

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