"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

English bricks - page 9, Letter: G


 The Gabriel's brickworks was on Hoe Lane, Enfield Wash, London & specialised in red hand made bricks from the early 1930's to 1976. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Gadbury, Atherton

Gadbury brickworks, on the south side of Wigan Road from Gibfield Colliery, was named after the old Gadbury Fold Farm nearby. It was established by Fletcher Burrows and Co, owners of Atherton Collieries around 1914. The works closed around 1964 shortly after the colliery finished working.  Photos and info by David Kitching.

William Gale, Romford

 William Gale, Hainault Road, Romford, Essex is listed in Kellys 1890 to 1937 editions (last available). William was also in partnership with George Gale at a works in South Woodford, which is listed in Kellys 1886 to 1925 editions. George is also listed at the Romford works with William from Kellys 1902 edition. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Gallows Inn

 Charles Corden of 21, Wilford Street, Nottingham carrying on the business  at Gallows Inn Brickworks, Ilkeston as brick & tile maker filed for liquidation on 24th May 1880 at Nottingham Crown Court. His brickworks is recorded on an 1884 map showing it was north of Nottingham Road between the River Erewash & the Erewash Canal, with the Gallows Inn public house to the south. This area of Ilkeston is so called after its association with the site of the towns gallows. Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Phil Burgoyne.

Photos by Frank Lawson.


There were two brick manufacturers named Garbutt in County Durham in the 19th century. The first was Hames Garbutt of Norton Road, Stockton-on-Tees who was recorded as a brick manufacturer in the 1841 census. He seems to have died shortly before 1850 which is probably rather too early for this brick. This leaves John Henry Garbutt of Darlington who was involved in a range of enterprises including coal mining and iron making. He was employing 520 men and 32 boys in 1871. A newspaper report notes that he owned a brickyard in Darlington in 1872. His empire collapsed in 1876 with debts of over £170,000 and after a spell as an accountant Mr Garbutt reinvented himself as a mineral water manufacturer in London by the 1890s. Photo by Neville Akers.

Gardiner & Hammond

These firebricks must date from 1870-1886 when William Gardiner was in partnership with either Robert or Lawrence Gardiner.

You would have thought that the die maker would have spelt the name of one of the principals
 correctly, but in one of these bricks Gardiner has become Gardener. In 1870 William Hammond went into partnership with his brother-in-law Robert Gardiner to work fireclay in Pott Shrigley and they established their brickworks on the north side of the Bakestonedale road opposite that of George Lambert. 1875 saw Mr Lawrence Gardiner succeeded his brother in the business. He died in 1886 and William Hammond took over the works.  Photos and info by David Kitching.


Thomas Gardner, Newcastle upon Tyne. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Chris Tilney.


Photo by David Fox.

Thomas Garforth Ltd., Taylor Hall Lane, Knowl, Mirfield, West Yorks. Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by David Kitching.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

John Garland & Sons

Found in a park near Bramhope, Leeds by Mark Harriman.  Made by  John Garland & Son, Cherry Row, Leeds, listed in White's directories of 1861 and 1870 - a date compatible with the style of lettering.  Thanks to Phillip Rothery for the history.

J Garlick, Upper Saltley

Found at North Shropshire Recycling yard by Martyn Fretwell. Made in Birmingham. Martyn adds: John Garlick is recorded as living at Shaw Hill House, Upper Saltley in 1881, with his clay pits & brickworks nearby. He used his depot at Worcester Wharf on the Birmingham & Worcester Canal to transport his bricks via the canal network. He also owned another brickworks in California using the Dudley No.2 Canal. John employed around 700 men at his brickworks before his business went bankrupt in 1884.

Photographed at Four Oaks Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

Garrett Brothers

This paving brick is a product of Garrett Brothers who traded from their Brownhills Tileries in Tunstall and appear in the trade directories between 1861 and 1865. Photo by David Kitching.

Floor tile in St Mary's Church, Boveney.

B Garside & Son, Worksop

In White's Directory, 1896 edition, B. Garside & Son are listed as Brick Makers & Timber Merchants at Friars Well Road & Lower Ground Brickworks. Photo by Simon Patterson.

Thanks to Phil Jervis for the photo.

J & T Garton, Golborne

Worrall's Wigan & District Directory of 1881 lists William & David Garton as brickmakers at Bank Heath, Golborne. Info from Frank Lawson, photo by David Kitching.

Gascoyne & Son, Derby

Joseph Gascoyne & Son is recorded in Whites Directory for 1857 as Builders, Brick & Tile Makers at 22, St Peters Street (Offices) & Uttoxeter Old Road (Works). Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Gateshead Brick & Stone Co Ld

A little known concern to myself, this brick of the Gateshead Brick & Stone Company, was recovered during internal alterations to a local property, built c.1880. Davison (Brickworks of the North East, 1986) mentions them is passing, with a date of 1925 - this usually refers to a directory entry. The only other reference I've been able to find is from 1955 and a notice of the Company's liquidation. As to their location, or whether they actually manufactured their own products, (it has to be said of very poor quality), or acted as a factor or agent, more work is obviously required. As an aside, the facing bricks of the property in question are a fine off-white and were produced at Axwell Park Colliery (APC) - could this be a subsidiary used to market these heavily 'grogged' bricks and the stone by-product of mining operations?  Photo and info by Arthur Brickman.

Photo by Chris Tilney.


Gault bricks are a type of brick mainly made in Suffolk & Kent & I have found that maker Plowman Brothers of Gamlingay near Sandy are listed as producing Gault bricks in Kelly's 1904 Cambridgeshire edition, so they could be the makers of this brick. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

A Gee & Co

A. Gee & Co. Brickworks, Vale Lane, Parson St. Bedminster, Bristol. Operating 1895-1914. Photo & info by Eric Taylor.

Mark Gentry

Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.   Martyn Fretwell writes :- Mark Gentry is listed as the owner of the Sible Hedingham Brick & Tile Works, Sible Hedingham, Halstead, Essex in Kelly's 1894, 1902 & 1914 editions. His bricks were used to build the 'Five Star' Mayfair Hotel in London & where produced at his two brickworks. The Langthorne Works was on Wethersfield Road & the Highfields Works was near Purls Hill.

Photos by Alwyn Sparrow.  Front and side of a Mark Gentry brick.  Martyn Fretwell believes that S M is the brickmakers initials and they were made for the LMS Railway.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

General Refractories

Diazite was a trade mark of General Refractories, a company that had its head office in Sheffield. This refractory brick was found by Frank Lawson on the banks of the River Humber close to the Capper Pass works at North Ferriby. Info by Mark Cranston.

Found in Barrow in Furness by John Bramall.

This Magnesium Oxide brick was made by General Refractories (GR) in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. The BCM (British Commercial Monomarks) stamp dates it to after 1925 and the GX is probably Genefax. GR were based at Genefax House in Sheffield. Photo and info by Ian Suddaby.

Coroma is another General Refractories mark. Photo by Steven Tait.

E Gent

Photographed at Cadeby Reclamation yard by Martyn Fretwell who writes:  I have just found in Kelly's 1891, a E. Gent, brickmaker, Donisthorpe, Ashby de la Zouch. Is the brick misspelt or the Trade Directory ? The brick was photographed not too far from Ashby.

Gibbons, Dudley

Gibbons (Dudley) Ltd, No. 1 Fireclay. Photo by Clare Oliffe.

Photos by Frank Lawson.

Photo taken in Ewenny by Richard Paterson.

Martyn Fretwell writes :- From the Fireclay listings in Kelly's, B. Gibbons, Jnr. is listed at Waddams Pool & Lower Gornal in it's 1896 edition & then from 1921 to it's 1940 edition as Gibbons (Dudley) Ltd, Dibdale Works, Dudley. Then in Kelly's Brick & Tile listings the entry is B. Gibbons Jnr. & Co. Deepdale Works, Lower Gornal, Dudley, 1860 to 1912 editions.

Photos by Ian Littlewood.

Photo by Mark Cranston.

Found on an old oil site in Mendoza Province, Argentina, by Quentin Vandemoortele.

Photographed at the Black Country Living Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Jason Stott.

Photo by Frank Hilton.

Photo by David Kitching.

E Gibbons, Chilton, Suffolk

Photos by Frank Lawson.

 Kelly's 1869 edition records Edward Gibbons at the Wolsey Street works, Ipswich & the Alexandra brickyard in Chilton, Suffolk. Then the 1875 edition records Edward Gibbons & Edward Charles Gibbons at the two works. Kelly's 1879 sees the addition of a third works at Aldham, Hadleigh. Then the 1888 to 1900 editions just lists Edward Charles Gibbons & owning five works including Chilton. The 1912 & 1916 editions now records Mrs. Mary Price Gibbons as the owner of the Chilton works. The other works previously owned by E.C. Gibbons are no longer listed. Photos & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Ken Evans.

Gibbs Bros., Loughborough

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Report from the London Gazette dated 31st January 1911, that the partnership of William John Gibbs, Alfred Rendell Gibbs & Horace Rendell Gibbs, known as Gibbs Brothers, Brick & Tile Manufacturers & Building Merchants of Loughborough has been dissolved. 31st January 1911. Any debts due or owing by the said late firm will be received by William & Horace Gibbs, who are to carry on the same business under the same name of Gibbs Brothers. Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell.

Gibbs & Canning, Tamworth

Photo by Mike Stokes

The Gibbs & Canning terra cotta works was founded in 1847 at Glascote in Warwickshire. Until closure in the 1950s the company manufactured a wide range of terracotta and faience as well as bricks and drainage pipes. Photos by Ray Martin.

Gibson, Scotswood on Tyne

Photo at Beamish Museum by Cory Doctorow (CC BY-SA 2.0).

Photo by Chris Graham.

Photo by Steven Tait.

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Photos by Mark Cranston. The fish (salmon) impression on the back of the brick was only present on about 1% of the bricks.

Photos by Chris Tilney.

W C Gibson & Co Ltd, enamelled sink and firebrick manufacturer, Scotswood, Newcastle upon Tyne. Gibson was a firebrick manufacturer by 1871 and in 1881 employed 37 men and 14 boys. T C Gibson may well be William's father. The business is listed in trade directories from 1879 to 1914 when it was William Colville Gibson & Co Ltd, and some bricks were marked with a fish trademark. In 1902 Adams and Co took over W. C. Gibson and Co of Scotswood and moved the sanitaryware arm of the business to Scotswood. In 1903. A new company, Adamsez Ltd was incorporated, although W. C. Gibson continued to be operated separately until 1927.

G Gilbert

Made by George Gilbert at his father William's works at Rumer Hill, Cannock. Listings in Kelly's 1872 & 76 for W. Gilbert, Rumer Hill, Info by Martyn Fretwell, photo by Nigel Furniss.

W Gilbert

Photographed at Ludlow Resource Centre. Possibly by William Gilbert, Rumer Hill, Cannock, who is listed in the 1872 - 1880 Kelly's Staffordshire directories. Shipping and Mercantile Gazette, 27 February 1884. Bankruptcy of George Gilbert (trading as William Gilbert), Pakenham Road, Edgbaston, Warwickshire, Tividale Brick Works, Rowley Regis, Staffordshire, and Rumer Hill, Cannock, Staffordshire, fire and blue brick manufacturer. Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of Shropshire Museums.

Gildenburgh, Whittlesea

The Gildenburgh Brick Co. is listed in Kelly's 1906 & 1910 editions at 52, Narrow Bridge Street, Peterborough, (office). The works was situated on New Road in Whittlesey & was owned by LBC when it closed in 1945. Today the clay pit which has filled with water & in places is 70 ft. deep is the Gildenburgh Dive Centre. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Photos courtesy of the Bill Richardson collection at Southwick Hall by Martyn Fretwell.

J Giles

Benjamin Jones found this brick embedded in a dirt track at Chaddesley Corbett in Worcestershire. J Giles is listed as a brick manufacturer at Hartlebury in Kelly's Worcestershire Directory for 1870.


Gillhead Co Ltd, Flimby, Cumberland. Found by David Ashford in Maryport.

Photo by Chris Graham.

Photo by Richard Cornish.

In 1867 a colliery was sunk at Gill Head, Flimby by Messrs Lucock & Carlton to produce coal, fireclay and gannister. The Whitehaven News for 18th January 1872 carries an advert "Gillhead Colliery and Brickworks for sale, apply Mrs. Lucock, Broughton Moor". Again, in January 1876, "FOR SALE by private treaty; Gillhead Colliery and Brickworks near Flimby, in use by representatives of the late Mr. Joseph Lucock". In 1878 a partnership between Mary Lucock and Henry Graves, as Coal Owners and Brick and Tile Manufacturers, at Gill Head, in the parish of Flimby, was dissolved with Henry Graves continuing the business in his own name. The business became the Gillhead Coal & Firebrick Co. in 1897.

The Post Office Directory of Cumberland & Westmorland 1873: - Firebrick Manufacturers, Mrs Mary Lucock, Gillhead, Flimby & Broughton Moor, Maryport.
Kelly's Directory of Cumberland 1894: - Firebrick Manufacturers: Cumberland Coal & Brick Syndicate Ltd., Graves Road, Gill Head, Flimby, Maryport.

Gillingham Brick Co Ltd

Photo by Eric Taylor.


The reverse of this brick is lightly stamped Stanton & T. Gillott is recorded as brickmaker in Stanton By Dale, Derby in Kelly's 1855 edition. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Could have been made by William Hall who is listed as brickmaker at Gilt Hill, Kimberley in Kelly's 1885 edition. Another option is nearby Digby Colliery Brickworks which was also known locally as Giltbrook Colliery, but bricks found so far made by this colliery have been stamped Digby. I have given this second option because this brick is in the collection of pit bricks at Pleasley Mining Museum. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Found near Blisworth by Nigel Furniss.


The ganister for these silica bricks came from W H Girling & Son at their Byerley House Quarry, 3 miles SE of Rowley Station in County Durham. The brickworks was at Beechburn near Crook. In 1909 the business became W H Girling and Co Ltd with a capital of £10,000 in £1 shares. The company was said to be a silica, ganister and magnasite brick and lump maunfacturer, and brick, tile and pipe manufacturer. Photo and info by Ian Suddaby.

E Gittins

Edward Gittins, Wakefield Road, Bowling, Bradford. The Bradford 1856 directory records that Edward Gittins had arrived from Leicester and was advertising his new patent-brick works at the junction of Wakefield Road and New Hey Road. Info from Derek Barker at Bradford Local Studies.

Glastonbury Pottery

Thanks to John Biggs for the photo.  John understands the works was on the Wells road and is now the site of St. Dunstands School.

The Glazed Faience & Brick Company

The London Gazette, 29 June, 1923. Notice is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between us, the undersigned, Herbert Edwin Berry, of Selby, in the county of York, Coal Merchant, Charles Neaverson, of Peakirk, Peterborough, in the county of Northampton, brickmaker, and Thomas Hurst Pearson, of Selby aforesaid, Brickmaker, carrying on business as Brick and Tile Makers, at Selby aforesaid, under the style or firm of the GLAZED FAIENCE & BRICK COMPANY, has been dissolved by mutual consent as and from the nineteenth day of June, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-three. - Dated this 19th day of June, 1923.

The works was situated to the east of the railway where it crossed the Selby Canal a short distance to the south of the town. It does not appear on the 1892 map but the 1908 OS map shows the works with a tramway to a wharf on the canal. There is also a Hoffmann type kiln shown. In 1838 it is shown as Selby Brick & Tile Works. The buildings are still extant on mid-1960s maps but the kiln seems to have been demolished by the early 1970s.

Photo and info by Tony Gray.

Glebe see Fenton Collieries

Glenfield Premier Leicester

The Glenfield Premier Brick & Terra Cotta Co Ltd. The Company was registered in 1898 and dissolved by 1932. It was located approximately half a mile west of Glenfield, Leics, with a siding from the LMS West Bridge railway line. The site is now occupied by an industrial estate. Photo and info by Ray Martin.

Globe, Garrison Lane

Photo by Frank Lawson.

With this brick saying Late Bond, it seems to infer that John Bond, it's owner has passed away, but I have now found out that John Bond sold his Globe Brick Works to a newly formed consortium of local businessmen around 1875, who then named their new company the Globe Brick Co. Hence the Late Bond on the brick referring to the Works being previously owned by John Bond. Bond continued to run his two other brickworks until 1905. The Globe Brick Co. consortium included Edward Townley, W.R. Willis, Walter Dauncey & R.C. Wright & at a later date A.H. & F. S. Stephenson. The Globe Brick Co. on Garrison Lane is recorded in Kelly's 1878 edition with Walter Dauncey as Manager, then in 1879 to 1890 editions Walter Dauncey is recorded as Manager/Partner. From 1892 to 1915 editions we then find Albert Henry Stevenson listed as Manager. The Globe Brickworks closed in 1931. Info & Photographed at North Shropshire Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

Photographed at Four Oaks Rec. Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

Globe Brick Co, Blaydon

Photos by Chris Tilney.


Photo by David Kitching.

Glodwick Coal & Fireclay Co Ltd., Glodwick, Oldham, Lancs - Slater's Manchester & Salford Directory 1896. Photos by Frank Lawson.

Found on Besom Hill near Oldham, itself a site of several brickworks at one time. Photo by Colin Driver.


Made in Glossop, Derbyshire

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Glossop, Ambergate

Spotted in Riddings, Derbyshire by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Thanks to Darren Haywood for the photo.

Found in Darley Bridge, Derbyshire by Simon Patterson.


Presumably from somewhere in the Gloucester area. Photo by Frank Lawson.

E Glover

The Hanford brickworks were in the occupation of Daniel Glover by 1832 and his widow Sarah was running it by 1842 and was still listed there in 1868. Her daughter Emily Shelley Glover then took over the business and subsequently married William Adams Peake. By 1872 he is listed in Kelly's directory as running the works in his name as the Hanford Tileries. Photo and info by David Kitching.

F Glover

Frank Glover operated a brickworks behind Ryehill Farm in Miles Green, Audley, Staffordshire. He is recorded as a brick maker from 1865 until 1886 and is only listed in the trade directories between 1876 and 1884. The brickworks was on land owned by Daniel Booth. In 1881 Glover is recorded as a farmer of 14 acres and brick maker living at Queen Street which is just to the west of the brickworks. Photo by Ken Perkins.


Photo by John Dunford.


Godstone brickworks, Surrey.  Photos by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.


The Goldendale Brick & Tile Co, Tunstall, is only listed in the 1904 Kelly's directory and the works had a short life. Information by David Kitching, photo by Ken Perkins.


Golden Vale Tileries at Chatterley, Stoke-on-Trent, was opened in 1934 by John Bentley, formerly manager at Keele Tileries. The works continued until the early 1970s. In 1979 the plant and remaining stock was sold off. This included tiles and drain pipes, hand made bricks, chimney pots, 9 kilns and heavy tile making plant. Photo by Ken Perkins.

G Goodall

 George Goodall is listed in Kelly's 1878 & 1883 editions as brickmaker at Anthony Road, Upper Saltley, Birmingham. Info by Martyn Fretwell, photo by Frank Lawson courtesy of the Chris Thorburn Collection.

James Gooddy: see entry for Darfield Clay Works

Gordon, Brownhills

Francis Harry Gordon opened his brickworks in the 1870s, on a site with a 30ft thick bed of clay, adjacent to the Daw End Canal just south-west of Clayhanger Bridge at Brownhills. The buildings included three drying sheds, the largest measuring 150ft x 30ft and had a cast iron plated floor. Nearby and on the other side of the canal was the Walsall Wood Colliery brickworks and price cutting by this works led to the demise of the Gordon business in 1896. Photo and information by David Kitching.


Found at Barlborough. Photos by Frank Lawson.

Courtesy of Barlborough Heritage Centre .

John Hall Gosling, Barlborough, Derbys. Post Office Derbyshire Directory 1855. He owned collieries in the Chesterfield and Barlborough areas in the mid 19th Century. In Kelly's 1891 Directory he appears to have been succeeded by Frederick Gosling who is listed as Brickmaker, Barlborough, Chesterfield. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Gough & Sames, Garrison Lane

Photo by Ray Martin, made in Birmingham.


The Gower Brick Works was situated alongside the Old Main Line of the Birmingham Canal just south-east of the junction with the Gower Branch. It first appears on the 1902 OS map and has disappeared by 1938. The Gower & Brades Brickworks, Oldbury are listed in the 3rd of November 1914 edition of the Edinburgh Gazette as being owned by George Wood & his two sons, Samuel & Harry when they are recorded as going bankrupt. Kelly’s 1876 edition lists the Wood Brothers at Tividale (Gower Brickworks), then George Wood opened the Brades Brickworks, Tividale as listed in Kelly’s 1884 edition. Kelly’s 1900 to 1912 editions list G. Wood & Sons at the Brades Brickworks, Oldbury. Photo and additional info by Martyn Fretwell.


Wiliam Gradwell was a major building contractor in Barrow-in-Furness. In 1855 he moved his business to Hindpool, Barrow, and set up a brickworks in Dalton Road capable of turning out 75,000 bricks a week.  Photos and info by David Kitching.

Photo by Chris Graham.

Photo by Iain Henderson.

J Graham & Co.

Photo by Phil Burgoyne.

J. Graham & Co., Blaydon Haugh, Gateshead, Co. Durham A business situated in close proximity to the more famous William Harriman at Blaydon Haugh, the firm of John Graham & Co. appears only once in local directories around 1875. The origins of the company therefore remain obscure, although William's niece would appear to have married a Graham, so maybe there is a connection through marriage?   Information provided by "Scottish Brick History".  Photos by Chris Tilney.

Photos by Steven Pinder.

Grampound Road

All made at Grampound Road Brick & Tile Co 2 SW916512 & SW920514. Photos by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Photos by Ian Williams.


Made in Haslingden, Lancashire by the Grane Brick & Terracota Works.  Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by David Kitching.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Ian McLennan.

The Grange

James Storar's Brick Works, Grange Farm, Jarrow is mentioned in 1886. Found at Hebburn. Photo by Steven Tait.


Henry Graves, Gillhead Brickworks, Flimby, Cumbria. In 1867 a colliery was sunk at Gill Head, Flimby by Messrs Lucock & Carlton to produce coal, fireclay and gannister. The Whitehaven News for 18th January 1872 carries an advert "Gillhead Colliery and Brickworks for sale, apply Mrs. Lucock, Broughton Moor". Again, in January 1876, "FOR SALE by private treaty; Gillhead Colliery and Brickworks near Flimby, in use by representatives of the late Mr. Joseph Lucock". In 1878 a partnership between Mary Lucock and Henry Graves, as Coal Owners and Brick and Tile Manufacturers, at Gill Head, in the parish of Flimby, was dissolved with Henry Graves continuing the business in his own name. The business became the Gillhead Coal & Firebrick Co. in 1897. Photo and info by David Kitching.

The History and Directory of West Cumberland for 1883 lists Richard Graves, colliery proprietor and firebrick manufacturer, Gillhead. Images and info from Richard Comish.

Gray & Son, Cambridge

Operating around 1875 Gray & Son's works was on Newmarket Road, Cambridge. Info and photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Grays Chalk Quarries, Grays, Essex

Grays Chalk & Quarries Co. Limited, Grays, Essex are listed as brickmakers in Kellys 1874 to 1910 editions. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Great Fire

Great Fire is one of a collection of 50 British fire bricks found in the St Petersburg area by Vladimir N Smirnov. His British collection may be viewed here, the text is in Russian.

Great Western Pottery

Great Western Pottery (Candy & Co Limited) (Edwd Birkbeck, manager), Chudleigh Road, Newton Abbot. Kelly's Devon Directory, 1889. This business operated from 1850 to 1998. More information here. Photo by Maryann Soper.

Photo by Ian Williams.

Photo by Sam Cutler.

Great Western Railway

Photo by David Kitching.

Found at Saltash by Hamish Fenton.

Photo by Gavin Williams.

Photo by Simon Patterson who spotted it in Slapton, Devon.

Photo taken by Jo Roesen at Broadway station Worcs, read the blog here.

Great Western Railway/Southern Railway.  Photo by Phil Jenkins.

Green & Chatham, Harborne

I cannot say definitively that James Chatham was one of the partners in this business although the 1871 census shows James Chatham, age 58, master brick maker employing 7 men and 3 boys. He was living at Mill Lane, Harborne, which is very close to the brickworks on Park Lane, whereas Tennal road is on the other side of Harborne. Photo by Rob Sutton.

Green (Mapperley)

George Green is listed as brickmaker at Mapperley, Nottingham in White's 1864 Notts. edition. Info & Photographed in Awsworth by Frank Lawson.

Green (Yorkshire)

Photo by John Pease.

Found at Spofforth Haggs, North Yorkshire. Joseph William Green is listed in directories from 1871 to 1927 and it appears that the principal brick works was at Roecliffe near Boroughbridge. Other sites listed are at Aldborough, Pilmoor, Stonefall, Moor Monkton and Langthorpe. Image PRBCO.

Henry Green, Pemberton

Henry Green was born in Liverpool and by 1851 was a brickmaker and beer seller at Kirkdale in Liverpool. After that area became built over he seems to have moved to Pemberton in Wigan where he took over the Bird i'th Hand pub in Newtown. In the 1861 and 1871 he is listed in the census as a brick maker and publican, Henry senior died in 1871 and in the 1881 census his son Henry is still living on ormskirk Road in Pemberton and is described as a Master Brick Maker employing 8 men, 2 boys and 2 women. By 1891 the brickworks seems to have been closed and Henry is a grocer.

Found at Ince-in-Makerfield, photo by David Kitching.

Found in Salford by Frank Lawson.

William Green

Found in Oldham and is likely to be from William Green's Bent Grange Brick Works, Lewis St, Oldham. He is recorded in 1881 as a Master Brickmaker employing 3 men and 2 boys. The business is recorded in trade directories from 1875 to 1889.

Green & Brough

Green & Brough are listed as firebrick manufacturers at Felling Shore, Gateshead in 1856. Found by George in Co. Durham.

Photo by Chris Graham.

Photo by Chris Tilney.

Green & Co : see Green & Brough

Greengate, St Helens

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

The Greengate Brick and Tile Co., also owned Greengate Colliery at St Helens. Later the brickworks passed to Pilkington's. It was situated close to the railway on land at the rear of the current Pilkington's Greengate factory.  Photo and info by David Kitching.

Greengill, Camerton : see Camerton


Greenhill Brickworks near Chilsworthy SX420717. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Found in Cumbria by Chris Graham.



Rand Sherwell Greenough, Brick manufacturer, Builder & Corn & Coal Merchant, Northampton.  A large complex of workings to the east of Kingsthorpe Road, around Freehold Street has been in existence at least from 1847, with at least one kiln. By 1883 there were at least nine kilns with a multiplicity of owners and at least two owners here. In 1866 John Clarke was advertising the making of bricks by 'steam'. In 1877 John Wills was also advertising a 'steam brickworks', (see entry for WILLS ). In 1894 Greenough and Henry Martin were the owners, until Martin's place being taken by A. J. Chown by 1910. Shortly after this date the works closed. Photo and info by Nigel Furniss.

Greenwood Glossop

Photo by Jud Hirst

Found in Hollingworth by Frank Lawson.

John Greenwood (Brickworks) Co Ltd., Railway Street, Glossop & Mouslow, Dinting, Glossop. Kelly's Derbyshire Directory 1936 & 1941.

W J Greenwood, Sheffield

William James Greenwood, Westend House, Woodhouse, Sheffield.  White's Sheffield & Rotherham Directory 1879/1901/1905/1908.  The brickworks was situated on Bishop Hill (off Sheffield Road), Woodhouse. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Greenwood, Westbury, Salop

Probably made at the Sarn works.  Photo by Mike Shaw.


Photo by Darrell Prest.  In the 1881 Kelly's Directory of Halifax the executors of 'George Greenwood' are brick-making at New Bank. By the time of the 1908 Trade Directory there is George Greenwood & Sons, Builders Merchants, of New Brunswick Street, Halifax. This company came to own: Beacon Hill Brick Works (formerly Oates & Green) and Swan Bank colliery and brickworks, together with several quarries. They were still active in the mid-1930s.  Thanks to Derek Barker for the information.

Found near Guiseley by Frank Lawson.


Michael Hammett has supplied some info on this brick: This was more than likely made by J. Gregory & Sons Ltd,  Ecclesall brickworks, Ecclesall road, Sheffield, Yorkshire - I have no record of exact period during which this firm was in operation, but it was established by 1877 and was closed by 1943.

White's Sheffield & Rotherham Directory 1905: - John Gregory& Son Ltd., Sheaf Brick Works : registered office, 623 Abbeydale Road : & Marriott Wood brick works, Millhouses & Ecclesall Road brick works, Sheffield.

Photos by Frank Lawson.

Benjamin Gregory

Benjamin Gregory - Mason, Bricklayer, Builder & Brickmaker, 145 Portobello Street & Duke Street, Park, Sheffield. White's Sheffield Directory 1852. Photo by Frank Lawson.

Gregory, Clutton

Made at Greyfield Colliery near Clutton, Somerset. The bricks originally just had CLUTTON impressed in the frog. The works subsequently had at least two other owners, one being Gregory, and the other was a builder from Timsbury by the name of Keeling, who also had his name added to the stamp. Photo and info by Mark Wilson.


The Church Gresley Fire Brick & Fire Clay Co. Ltd. is listed as being operational between 1920 & 1955. Photo by Tegan Blake.

R Grey

Robert Grey, Grey's Brickworks, Wilfred Street, Byker, Newcastle. In 1891 he sold up his building business to concentrate on brickmaking. He died in 1907 and the plant, including five Newcastle kilns, was sold. Info by Mark Cranston, photo by Neal Barrass.


Correct spelling is Griffydam and it's in Leicestershire, only reference is that there was a brickworks in the village. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


Found in a hardcore track in the Forest of Dean. Nothing yet known about the maker. It is possible that this is a Welsh brick and more research is needed. Photo by Dawn Davies.

Grimwood, Ipswich

George Grimwood & Sons are listed in Kellys 1892 to 1900 editions at the Brookshall Brick Yard, Norwich Road, Ipswich. Houses built on Sherrington Road & Westholme Road & a park now occupy this former brickworks site. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Gringil: see Camerton


Also refer to the entry for Nottingham Patent Brick Co.

Edward Gripper had established a brickworks in 1855 at Mapperley Top, Nottingham & then in 1867 he was joined by William Burgess, creating the Nottingham Patent Brick Co. This new company used the Hoffman Kiln process which Edward Gripper and his managers had previously negotiated the local use of before Burgess joined the  company. This process substantially increased the companies brick output to 27 million per year and in his honour bricks were produced with Gripper's name on. NPBC went on to produce the millions of facing bricks for St. Pancras Station in London, for which they were the main contractor. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

This example of a Gripper brick was made by the Nottingham Patent Brick Co. in recognition of Edward's hard work for the company. The other example shown was produced at Gripper's own works between 1855 & 1867. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell. Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries.

Grisenthwaite, Penrith

William Grisenthwaite was a builder and contractor who is listed as owning the Wildriggs Brick Works, on the outskirts of Penrith in 1899 and 1901. In 1893 he was advertising bricks and tiles from his works in Mile Lane, Penrith. Photo by Phil Burgoyne.


Photos by Frank Lawson.

Both are used as a border to a flower bed at Grosmont NYMR loco shed. Photos by Michael Shaw.

Photo by Ian Summerfield.

Photo by Lee Sayer.

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Photo by Chris Cooper.

Edward Gross, Wix

Edward Gross, Wix near Manningtree, Essex is listed in Kellys 1906 to 1910 editions & the works was operational between 1905 & 1912. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

M Grove

Matthew Grove of Northfield, Birmingham. Kelly’s 1867 to 1888 edition. In the 1871 and 1881 census he is described as a farmer and brick manufacturer employing 7 & 9 men respectively. In 1889 he is described as having suffered pecuniary difficulties and the works seems to have closed around that time. It is marked as disused on 1900 OS map. Info by Martyn Fretwell & David Kitching, photo by Angel Rose.


John Grover a Kent builder purchased the Hammer Vale Brickworks, Hampshire around 1900. Both blue clay ( for tiles ) and yellow clay ( for bricks ) was found on this site. His bricks were used to rebuild the slums in East London and such was the demand for his machine made bricks, that when the clay ran out in 1938, production was moved to the Nutbourne Brickworks, Hambledon, Surrey. Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell.  Also see the entry for Hammer.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Edmund Grundy

Edmund Grundy, Larkhill, Farnworth, Bolton. Worrall's Bury Directory 1871. Found in Farnworth.

John Grundy

John Grundy, Wolstenholme Hall, Norden, Rochdale. In 1865 the brickworks was operated by Messrs. John Grundy, Sons, and Company, Wolstenholme Hall. There is an old brickworks shown on the 1890 OS map in the land behind Baitings Mill at Wolstenholme which is likely to be the source of these bricks. Photos by David Kitching.

J Guest, West Bromwich

Photo by Ray Martin.

Guild Of Brickmakers

This brick celebrating 60 years of the Guild of Bricklayers was made by Hanson's/Butterley at Ripley & was presented to each of the Guild's members who attended their 1992 AGM.  The history & workings of the Guild can be read at this link. http://www.guildofbricklayers.org.uk/guild-of-bricklayers.html
Info & Photographed at Bursledon Brick Museum by Martyn Fretwell.


Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.   This brick and tile works, with an adjacent quarry, was located south of New Scarborough, Guiseley, West Yorks between 1893-1938. Although today the area is recognised as Yeadon brickworks SSSI, in 1938 it was called Guiseley brickworks. I feel quite sure that a single site has had two names. The Yeadon brickworks and quarry were owned by the Marshall family. In a 1908 Kelly's Directory the owners are given as Marshall & Gray Ltd. In addition to the [GUISELEY BRICKWORKS] mark that is illustrated above the company also used [M.MARSHALL][GUISELEY] and also [M&G].  Information by Derek Barker.

William Gunton

William Gunton is listed in Kelly's 1896 & 1904 editions at Barney, Dereham & then together with his brother George at several works around Norwich in Kelly's 1896 to 1912 editions. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


The Gunville brickworks was near to Newport, Isle of Wight, Photo by Alan Bevan.

Next page: English bricks, page 10, Letter H
Return to the England index page