"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

England page 6, Letter: D

Dagger Hey Brick Co. Crompton

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

The Dagger Hey brickworks was established at Crompton Fold, north of Oldham some time after 1895 and is shown on OS maps of 1909 with a large Hoffman type kiln and a shale quarry. The works was closed and the site closed by 1930. Photo by David Kitching.

Photo by Jason Stott.

Photo by Phil Burgoyne.

D & S, Brynn

A brick from Bryn (spelt Brynn in the 19th century) near Ashton in Makerfield. The only works I have been able to locate in the immediate area is the Park Lane Brickworks that had closed by the 1920s.

Daggons Road Brickworks

The 1900 OS map shows the Daggons Road pottery & brickworks behind the railway station in Alderholt, Dorset. On the web there is a Kellys 1915 listing of Alderholt’s residents & businesses & the Daggons Road Brickworks Ltd. is recorded. FWP was Francis William Padgett and he is in the Dorset Kellys for 1875 as a Brick Manufacturer and Potter of Wyke Regis Dorset. In 1881 he was listed as a master potter and brick (manufacturer) at Alderholt. From 1881 to 1885 he was advertising at Weymouth Pottery and Brick Works and also at Daggons Road Station which was described as a branch business. In April 1885 the business was in receivership and 1891 he was running a brickyard at Wyke Regis, the Daggons Road works having been passed to Aaron Read by 1886. Info by Richard Newman and Martyn Fretwell, photo by Martyn Fretwell.


Found at Vernon Road, Nottingham. Photo by Lorna Ellans.


Situated in Ellgreave Street, Dalehall, Burslem, Staffordshire around 1850 this yard made bricks of a good quality Staffordshire red & blue.  The brick here was recovered from the Slater Street area of Middle Port during demolition in 2008.  Photo and description by Ken Perkins.

Dalton, Lathom : See Lathom

J Dalton

Found on Crosby beach , photo by David Kitching.

George Grubb Dalton, Linthorpe, Middlesbrough

George Grubb Dalton, Brick Manufacturer, Builder & Contractor, Linthorpe, Middlesbrough is recorded in the London Gazette as giving Notice of Intended Dividends on the 13th November 1888. Residence Cambridge Road, Linthorpe & trading in Linthorpe, Middlesbrough & all of Yorkshire. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Dalton Main Collieries Ltd

Dalton Main Collieries Ltd., Silverwood Colliery Brickworks, Thrybergh, Rotherham. Photo by Frank Lawson.

Darcy Lever, Bolton

Darcy Lever is a township to the north of Bolton. Photos by Frank Lawson.

Darby Brick & Tile Works

DBC = Darby Brick Co. Samuel Darby is listed at the Victoria Brickworks, Beccles, Suffolk in Kellys 1865 to 1896 editions producing bricks, tiles& sanitary pipes. The listing in Kellys 1900 to 1916 editions is Darby Brothers Ltd. Victoria Brickworks, Beccles. Samuel Darby also retailed coal & slate, supplied english & foreign timber from his Waveney Sawmill at Gillingham, Suffolk, a barge owner, a wharfinger & water carrier. Info & Photographed at the Museum of East Anglian Life by Martyn Fretwell.

Darfield Clay Works

Darfield is near Barnsley.  The site was operated as Darfield Clay Works cl865 - cl880. Following on was owned by James Gooddy with bricks marked J GOODDY / DARFIELD / CLAY WORKS. Source: The Maurice Dobson Museum, Darfield, South Yorkshire. Images by Frank Lawson.

Darlaston Brick Co

Darlaston Brick Co, brickworks was situated to the north-west of Darlaston & James Bridge Station shortly after 1900. There were six rectangular kilns shown on the 1917 OS map. By 1924 it had become the Darlaston Brick Co.
Ltd, but by 1938 the site had been cleared and other industry developed. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Photos by Ray Martin.

Photo by Duncan Russell.

Darlow Bros

Darlow Brothers, Old Hall Road, Attercliffe, Sheffield. White's Sheffield & Rotherham Directory 1879.  Pinfold Lane, Attercliffe, Sheffield. White's Sheffield & Rotherham Directory 1893.  Meadow Head Brickworks, Chesterfield Road, Sheffield. White's Sheffield & Rotherham Directory 1901.  Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Daubhill see Higson


The Davenport Terra Cotta, Brick & Tile Co, was on Garners Lane, Davenport, Stockport. It appears in the 1902 and 1906 trade directories, but not 1896 or 1914 and was owned by William & Thomas Meadows who were builders and contractors. Photo and info by David Kitching.

See also William and Thomas Meadows.

John Davenport, Marton

John Davenport was running a brickyard at Marton, between Congleton and Macclesfield, Cheshire, before 1871. In 1881 he was employing 4 men and 4 boys. By 1891 his widow Betty was running the business which seems to have ceased trading before 1900. Photographed at Macclesfield Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.


Found in Tweedmouth.   The Davidson Glass Company was founded at Teams, Gateshead in 1867 and they built a factory adjacent to several brickworks. It's probable they either owned one of these, or had their own branded bricks made there.  Info courtesy of Scottish Brickmarks, photo by Chris Tilney.

Photo by Steven Tait.

Photo by Chris Graham.

T Davies, Billingsley

The 1892 & 1900 OS maps show this brickworks just south of Billingsley, Shropshire & Thomas Davies is listed at the works in Kelly's 1870 edition. The 1891 edition reads Thomas Edwin Davies & the next two entries in 1895 & 1909 reads Mrs. Elizabeth Davies, Billingsley. The 1913 edition now lists the Billingsley Colliery Co. as owners of this works. Shropshire History website states that the works had closed by 1914. Info & Photo courtesy of the John Baylis Collection by Martyn Fretwell.

Davies, Hereford

Probably the predecessor of Ralph, Preece, Davies at the Victoria Brick & Tile Works in Hereford. Photo by Richard Paterson.

J C Davies, Ledbury

The works of J C Davies occupied what was previously the site of Ballard's Ledbury works (see other entry) and later the jam factory of Ledbury Preserves.  Photographed at Butcher Row House Museum in Ledbury by Richard Paterson.

Davies & Shaw

Davies & Shaw had two works that are listed in trade directories between 1889 and 1892. One was the Brick & Marl Works, Hamil Road, Burslem and the other at Brownhills, Tunstall. Photographed at Apedale Heritage Centre by Ken Perkins.

Davis & Co, Essington

W. Davis is listed in Kellys 1860 edition at Essington, Wolverhampton. Then the entry is Davis & Co. Essington, Wolverhampton in Kellys 1868 to 1896 editions. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Davis, Ickham

Davis owned a small brick field at Ickham (actually the brick field is at Cherville Lane Canterbury District just north off the A257 Canterbury-Sandwich road west of Wingham) Looks to have been active circa  1871-1900 but gone before 1920. Postcode CT3 1L2 lat 51.2696 long 1.18435.  Photo and info by Chris Blair-Myers.

J Davis, Madeley

In 1851 John Davis is noted as a brick and tile manufacturer at Hailes Field, Madeley, Shropshire. Slater's 1859 Directory lists Davis Jno. Brick & Tile maker Tweedale & Madeley Wood. This paver was photographed in Bridgnorth by Mike Shaw.

J & T Davis, West Bromwich

The works was in business by 1866. Kelly's Staffordshire Directory 1868 & 1872; John & Thomas Davis, Parkfield Brick Works, Greet's Green Road, West Bromwich. In the 1876 directory the listing was just "J. Davis, Greet's Green, West Bromwich". The business was in bankruptcy in 1886. Photo by Frank Lawson,

W Davison, Egton, York

Handmade on the North Yorkshire Moors near Grosmont. G W Davison was a local farmer and apparently there is a small pond near the farm lined with them. Photo and information by Sarah Chattenton.


This wasmade made by George Dawes, in an area known as Jump, near Elsecar. George Dawes' main role was as the proprietor of the Milton and Elsecar ironworks. He was born in the Midlands in 1817 and died in 1888. Photo and info by Chris Shaw.

Dawson & Co, Billingham

J Dawson & Co, Billingham Steam Brick Works, was advertising Red Pressed Facing Bricks, 9-inch Flooring Squares, Fancy Bricks, Kiln and Clamp Bricks in 1876-78. By April 1878 the works was being operated by J W Watson & Co. Photos by Liz Robinson.

John Day, Thurmaston

Photo by Frank Lawson.

J R Deacon

Photographed at Cawarden Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.


M A Dearden - Balby, Doncaster, (1871 Trade Directory). Photo by Frank Lawson.

Dearham Colliery

Dearham, near Maryport, 12' miles [20 km] NNE of Whitehaven.  Photo by Mark Cranston.

Photo by Mark Howard.

Dearness Waterhouses

Dearness Brick & Tile Co., Waterhouses, Co. Durham.  (Mark Coates, manager).  Kelly's Durham Directory 1890. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Dearnley Brickworks

Reverse side of the brick above. William Carter Stafford Percy of Manchester. He was an inventive chap who filed a number of patents in the 1840s and 50s and also spent time in gaol for debt.

Dearnley Brickworks was owned by the Rochdale Property and Finance Co Ltd., formed in 1864. The likely location of the clay pit and works is land to the north of the present James Street/Finance Street, which is immediately adjacent to Dry Dock Mills, Littleborough. The company was wound up in August 1879.

Photos by David Kitching.

James Dees, Whitehaven

James Dees was a civil engineer who was chief engineer and subsequently a director of the Whitehaven, Cleator & Egremont Railway. He opened the Whitehaven Brick & Tile Works in 1853. Info and photo by Tony Calvin.

See also Whitehaven.


Photos by Chris Tilney.

These bricks were made at the Delves Colliery in Consett, County Durham:  These are south-east of and about half-a-mile from the Iron and Steel Works, and have a capacity of about 120,000 bricks per week. Ordinary fire bricks, blast furnace lumps, and other fire brick articles used in the various departments, are made here, the coal and clay being obtained at the Delves Pit, which is in close proximity. The clay is taken up incline gears by steam power, and tipped automatically into a large iron shoot provided for its reception. It is then conveyed along a horizontal shoot worked by an Archimedean screw to a large edge-runner mill, where it is ground. It next passes through perforated plates in the mill pan, after which it is elevated and screened, and finally passed to the pug mill. The driving engine, mill, and elevating gear are of great strength and power. There are ten brick burning kilns, equal to 17,000 or 18,000 bricks per charge. The kilns are fired by the waste heat from four rows of coke ovens immediately adjoining, the waste gases from which are collected in one large flue, and after passing through the kilns are conveyed in small flues under the floor of the commodious drying shed. There are also a small mill and press for mixing and making Ganister bricks, which are burnt in two suitable hard fire kilns, each having a capacity of 10,000 bricks.  Thanks to George for the photo and info.

Denby Iron & Coal Co. Ltd, Nr Derby

Photo by Russ Firth.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Denby Terra Cotta Works near Derby

Hugh Stewart is recorded as proprietor of the Denby Terra Cotta, Brick and Tile Works in the Late 19th Century. Photos & info Martyn Fretwell.

John Evelyn Denison

John Evelyn Denison, 1st Viscount Ossington owned Ossington Hall, Notts. from 1820 to 1873 & this estate  brickworks is shown disused on an 1875 map.  Clayton Patent refers to the makers of the brick making machine.  Info by Martyn Fretwell, photos by Frank Lawson.

J Denston

ohn Denston is listed in various trade directories from 1849 to 1867 on Garrison Lane, Birmingham. James Denston is then listed in Kelly’s 1872 & White’s 1873 editions at this works. Joseph Derrington was next at this works until 1892. After which Birmingham City’s St. Andrew’s Football Ground was built on this former brickworks site. Photo by Mike Joyce & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Depperhaugh Brick Co

The Depperhaugh Brickworks, Hoxne, Eye, Suffolk is listed in Kellys 1888 to 1900 editions. In the 1912 edition (next available) the listing is the Hoxne Brickworks Co. The works was south of Hoxne village next to Fairstead Farm. Photo & info by Martyn Fretwell.

D B Co - S L (Derby Brick Co.)

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, thought to be Derby Brick Co Ltd. - they appear in the 1912 Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire - found near Quarndon, Derby.

Photo by Andrew Morley.

In the 1932 edition of Kelly's Directory, The Derby Brick Company is recorded in Aston on Trent & was still in production in 1941. All found at a brick reclamation yard in Spondon.  Info & Photos by Martyn Fretwell

Found close to the site of the brickworks at Aston on Trent in Derbyshire by Frank Lawson

Photo by Simon Patterson

Derby Kilburn Colliery Co.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, found at Woodhouse, Sheffield

Photo supplied by A.K.A. Demik.

Derbyshire Silica Firebrick Co

Friden brickworks was established in 1892 by John West, a Victorian entrepreneur and astute businessman. Ironically, as a child he lived on Gas Street in Northampton. By 1881 he was a gas engineer and had developed an improved process to produce town gas from coal - the Glover West Process. He set up the West Gas Improvements company in Manchester and realised the need for heat resistant shapes to use as gas retorts. This brought him to Derbyshire to set up the Derbyshire Silica Firebrick Company. The location was chosen due to the deposits of ganister in the vicinity which could be quarried and brought to the works by a system of narrow gauge railways. The business continues as DSF Refractories and Minerals Limited, manufacturing high alumina refractory bricks and blocks, particularly for the glass industry. Photos by Liz Carr.

Seen at the old steelworks site in Workington. Photo by Richard Cornish

Photo by Graham Brooks.

J Derrington, Birmingham

Also refer to entry below for Derrington, Hay Mills.

Josiah Derrington had previously been in partnership with Edward Hales at Primrose Hill, Duddeston & then Leopold Street, Birmingham. After this partnership had ceased Derrington set up his own business & he is listed in Kelly's 1878 edition as brickmaking at Garrison Lane & selling coal, lime, cement, bricks & chimney pots at Dartmouth Street, Birmingham. Kelly's 1883 entry now includes '& Sons'. Kelly's 1890 edition lists two works, Garrison Lane & Hay Mills, Yardley. The Hay Mills works had been purchased off Reuben Shipway in 1889 & a second adjacent works was purchased off Powley & Co. in 1890, both these works where on Speedwell Road. Only the Hay Mills works are listed in Kelly's 1895 edition, so Garrison Lane must have closed by this date. Both of the Hay Mills works continue to be listed up to my last Kelly's trade directory in 1915 & I have found from the web that these two works were sold to Birmingham Corporation in the 1920's for landfill. Info & Photographed at Four Oaks Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Derrington, Park Field

Although no newspaper or directory entries for Derrington at theis works it is likely to be the Parkfield Brickworks on Bordesley Green Road, Birmingham in the late 1870s or early 1880s. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Derrington & Hales

Josiah Derrington & Edward Hales are listed in Kelly's 1868 edition at Leopold Street, Highgate & Great Lister Street, Birmingham.  This partnership had been formed in the early 1860's at a works in Duddeston & then Leopold Street, but had ceased by 1878 when Derrington set up his own business selling building materials on Dartmouth Street & brickmaking at the former Midland Brick Works on Garrison Lane. Info & Photographed at Four Oaks Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

Derrington Hay Mill

Also refer to entry above for Derrington, Birmingham.

Photos by Frank Lawson - made by Derrington & Son, Hay Mill, Yardley, Birmingham.

Photo by Ray Martin.


Made at Derwent brickworks, Dunston. Photos by Chris Tilney.

Thanks to Andrew Gardner for the photo.

Devonshire Co. Horrabridge

Made near Tavistock, Devon.  Photo by Roger Hutchins.

John Dewhurst, Preston

John Davies found this example while digging in his Lancashire garden.  Unusually the brick has an end name stamp.


Found in Derby by Frank Lawson.


The Diamond Brick Co. is listed in Kelly, West Riding, 1901/1904 at Starbeck, Harrogate.  This was seen in the base of a former wall in the Oatlands area of Harrogate, image PRBCO.

Diamond Jubilee: see Barnett & Beddows

Diamond, Rawtenstall

The Diamond Brick Co., operated 1899 - 1903, Rawtenstall, Lancashire. - I Goldthorpe, Rossendale Rambles, 1985. Image PRBCO.

Photos by courtesy of Colin Driver.

Dickens Bandals

John Henry Dickens, Born 1859 in Thrussington is recorded in the 1881 Census as brickmaker, unmarried, living at Baudill Brickyards, Burton on the Wolds, Leicester. By 1891 now aged 32, he's now recorded as forman brickmaker & married to Elizabeth. His father Henry was also a brickmaker in Loughborough in the 1861 Census. During my research I have found several ways of spelling Baudill - Bandalls & on the brick Bandals. One reference states Bandalls is in the Parish of Burton on the Wolds, on land running down to the River Soar. This spelling is used today for Bandalls Lane. 

Info & photos by Martyn Fretwell.

R Dickinson & Co. Consett

In 1880 R Dickinson & Co. were the owners of Carr House Colliery, Consett. Photo by Chris Tilney, info by Frank Lawson..


Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, made by Digby Colliery Compsny, Giltbrook, Nottingham - found near Ilkeston.


Jno Dilks, Rotherham Road, Parkgate, Rotherham, South Yorks.   White's Sheffield & Rotherham Directory 1879.  Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Dimson - see Plymouth


Photos by Frank Lawson.

Dinnington Main Colliery Co.

Found near Rotherham by Bob Gellatly, Bob thinks it was probably made by the Dinnington Main Colliery Company

Disley: see J P Morris

Dixon & Co

Found on Tyneside. Possibly Dixon, Corbitt & Co, Altlas Brick Works, Dunston, 1864 - 1893. Photo by Chris Graham.

Dixon & Co, Blackburn

Seen at Cawarden Reclamation. Photo by Nigel Furniss.

Dixon & Son, Blackburn

Photo by courtesy of the Colin Driver collection.

J Dixon & Sons, Horwich

Photos by courtesy of the Colin Driver collection.

J Dixon (Sheffield)

Origin not known: - Possibly - Dixon & Co., Penistone Road, Sheffield. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

W. A. Dixon, St. Albans

William Alexander DIXON was the son of a St Albans corn dealer. He was based in Alma Road and was associated with a brick yard in Sandpit Lane for no more than about a dozen years from about 1891.  thanks to Chris Reynolds for the photo and info.

Dobson & Barlow

Dobson and Barlow of Kay Street Machine Works, Bolton, manufacturers of textile machinery. It is assumed that they also had interests in brickworks. Brick found in Lancashire. Photo by David Kitching.

M Dodd

M Dodd, Dilston Park, Corbridge, Northumberland, 1864 - 1879. Source: - P J Davison "Brickworks of the North East". Photographed at Consett, Co. Durham 2016 by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Mitch Richardson.

Photo by Ian Suddaby.

Dodds & Harriman

In 1847 William Dodds & William Harriman went into partnership, setting up a firebrick works at Blaydon Haugh. They are listed there in Wards trade directory for Gateshead in 1850. By 1855 the business seems to have been in the hands of Harriman only. See entry for Harriman & Co. Photo by Chris Graham.

Photo by Chris Tilney.


Don Brick Co. Leppings Bridge, Wadsley Bridge, Sheffield. White's Sheffield & Rotherham Directory 1901. Photo courtesy of the Graham Hague (Sheffield) collection.

Photo by Phil Burgoyne.

Photos by Frank Lawson.

Daniel Doncaster

Made by Daniel Doncaster, found by Michaela in Grimesthorpe, Sheffield.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Kellys 1925 Directory records - Daniel Doncaster & Sons Ltd, Brick Manufacturers, Klondyke Brickworks, Middlewood Road, Hillsborough, Sheffield. Photo by Martyn Fretwell & Info by Frank Lawson.

Dibdale : see Gibbons

Donington Sanitary Pipe and Fire Brick Company Limited

The Donington Sanitary Pipe and Fire Brick Co., Ltd. at Church Gresley was formed in November 1894 and the first pipes were made in 1895. Photo by Iain Hambling.


Kelly's 1928 Directory records the works as the Dordon Brick & Tile Co. Tamworth with J. Adcock. Manager, then in the 1936 & 1940 editions the company is now recorded as the Dordon Brick Co. with Thomas Slack as Proprietor.  Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Frank Lawson.


Found East Morton, West Yorks. 17-04-16, photo by Frank Lawson.


Photo by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Dan Broomwicks.

Photos by Richard Symonds. The bottom one features their double diamond symbol.

Dorman Long

Found at Consett, photo by Vicky Carr.

Photo by Chris Tilney.


This was a small company in the village of Dorrington, near Sleaford, Lincolnshire. The company did not last many years as the clay pit filled with water. It is alleged that Skegness Clock Tower was built out of these bricks. Photo and Info by David Rogers and photo by Stephan Long.

Dorset Fire Brick Co.

The Dorset Fire Brick Co. Ltd is listed in Kelly's 1880 edition as manufacturers of fire, white & blue facing bricks, red, dun & Brosley roofing tiles, ridge tiles, flooring squares, blue vitrified stable & street paving bricks at Hamworthy Junction, Poole with Frank Gwynne Wheatley as secretary. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Doseley Brick Co Ltd

In 1928 the Doseley Brick Co. Ltd. (later Doseley Pipe Co. Ltd.), one of the Johnston group of companies, started to make common bricks at Doseley from the clay overburden in the basalt quarry there. The works changed to making salt-glazed stoneware pipes in 1932 and continued to manufacture vitrified clay pipes until c. 1975.

W Dougill

Photo by courtesy of the Colin Driver collection.

William Dougill & Sons, Mount Pleasant Brick & Tile Works, Chorley New Road, Horwich Lancs. William Dougill was succeeded as owner of the business by his son James. The business went into liquidation in 1902.

Photo by Henry Lisowski.

Photos by David Kitching.

Photo by David Fox.

H Doulton & Co, Rowley Regis

Found in Dudley by Simon Patterson.

Found in Southport by Simon Patterson

Photos by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Andy Mabbett. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Blue Doulton bricks were made at the Rowley Regis works under Henry Doulton, brother to John who ran the St Helens business. Photos by David Kitching.

Doulton Lambeth

The front and side of a Doulton Lambeth airbrick, discovered by Jessica while renovating a house in Bermuda.

Photo by Laura Thew.

Doulton, London

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Doulton, St. Helens

Found during restoration work on a cottage in Bethesda, Gwynedd by Gwyn.

Found in Southport by Simon Patterson.

Red Doulton bricks were made by John Doulton at the St Helens works. Photos by Martyn Fretwell.


Dovenby Brick and Tile Works, Dearham, Carlisle. Info & photo by Mark Cranston.

Dow Moor

No info. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Down, Glastonbury

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Albert Down is recorded as a brick and tile manufacturer in trade directories between 1872 and 1889. In 1881 he was employing 10 men. Previous to this his father ran the works from 1840 to the 1850 when he was employing 15 lanbourers. By 1861 he had died and Albert was running the business. The works was known as Edmund Hill Pottery and was situated on Wells Road, Glastonbury. Photo by John Biggs.

Downes & Rayner

Downes & Rayner, Gestingthorpe, Essex. Extract from a BBS article on the Hedingham brick industry: "Successive members of another Rayner family owned brickworks at Gestingthorpe, as did John Downs, who was also the Postrnaster, Iron Founder, and a farmer in Gestingthorpe". Photo by Frank Lawson.


Photo by Darren Haywood.

Found by Frank Lawson at a field drain near South Wheatley in North Notts.  Some fascinating info from Arthur Brickman:  Although I'm unable to identify the manufacturer of this particular brick, I can add some background information. Until 1850 a tax was paid on all bricks used for property building, however those used for infrastructure products were exempt. To avoid tax liability in such cases, manufacturer's marked their drainage bricks accordingly and this would be one such example. However, I have encountered similar items in building footings, particularly on colliery sites. No doubt once the structure was complete the offending items would have been concealed, and a saving on its overall cost achieved at the expense of the Exchequer!

Photographed at Beeston reclamation yard. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


Almost certainly a misspelling of the above entry.  Found on a farm track outside Pocklington, East Yorkshire by Carla van Beveren.

Drake & Co, Paignton

Kelly's Directory 1902 to 1919 lists Drake & Co Ltd, Collaton St Mary, Paignton; office, 10 High St, Totnes. There is no entry for 1923. The woeks is probably that marked on OS maps as Collaton Brick Works, situated north of Borough Road, close to Clayland Cross. Photo by Andrew Florey.

Photo by Ian Williams.

William Dransfield & Son, Besom Hill, Oldham

William Dransfield & Son Ltd.,Besom Hill Brick,Tile & Sanitary Pipe Works,Besom Hill,Moorside, Oldham. Photo by David Kitching.


W. Draper, A paving brick found in Coalbrookdale.

Martyn Fretwell writes :- W. Draper is listed as the proprietor of the Hall End Brick Co. Church Lane, West Bromwich in Kellys Staffs. 1904, 08, 12 & 16 editions. As a works the Hall End Brick Co. is listed in Kellys 1896 to 1940 editions. An article on the web records the brickworks as being the last to close in West Bromwich, but no closure date is given & it may have been in the 1940's as the 1950 map only shows the clay pit as a small lake.

William Drewitt

William Drewitt ran a brickyard at Rushwood Common, Grafham, Guildford from 1871- 1891 according to the census and trade directories. I suspect he was involved in other brickyards including the Victoria brickworks and steam potteries at Rustington near Worthing in Sussex in 1884. He also seems to have been a farmer of up to 530 acres and acted as an estate agent. Photos by Anthony Perry who found all three bricks at locations north of Guildford.

Photo by Tania Tirraoro.

Dry Dock: See Dearnley Brickworks

Thomas Duckworth

Thomas Duckworth, Broughton Bar, Accrington, Lancs. Worrall's Directory 1897. Info from Frank Lawton.

Duddell, Fenton

Photo by Ken Perkins.

Found on a Staffordshire Farm by Cheryl Owen.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


The front and back of a Duffield brick, I J could well be the owner's initials. Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Dugmore, Heath Town

In 1899 Isaac Dugmore formerly of Willenhall and an iron polisher was living at North Farm, Heath Town and now recorded as a brickmaker. Isaac died in 1903. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall. Martyn adds:- Isaac Dugmore & Sons are recorded as proprietors of the Midland Brick Works, New Cross, Heath Town, Wolverhampton in Kellys 1896 & 1900 editions.

Dukinfield: See John Hall & Son


Photo by Frank Lawson.

Dumbleton Brick & Tile Works, Nr. Evesham. (James Taylor & Son)

The brickworks was established by Edward Holland, the owner of Dumbleton Hall, to provide bricks for the construction & improvement of buildings on the estate. In 1851 a William Taylor became manager of the works and in the 1880's his son James took control and the brickworks seems to have been subsequently operated as James Taylor & Son. The works had closed by 1901. More can be read at this link.

Photo by Nigel Furniss, info by Frank Lawson and Martyn Fretwell.


Whilst it is tempting to suggest that this brick was manufactured at Dunkerton Colliery in Somerset, I can find no evicnce that the colliery ever operated a brick kiln from when it opened in 1906 to closure in 1927. I think that this brick may well be earlier than 1900 and made at an unknown small brickworks in the Dunkerton area. Photo by Eric Taylor.

Photo by Rex Young.

Dunlop & Son, Reading

Found near Tilehurst, Berkshire by Nigel Mack.  George Dunlop's moved to Reading from Berwick on Tweed and founded a business as a coal merchant, salt dealer, feedstuffs merchant and brickmaker at Tilehurst. The business passed to his son Herbert in January 1882. This seems to have included the operation of the Kentwood Kiln, Gipsy Lane, Tilehurst, Reading. The tenancy was determined in 1892 and there was a sale at the site on May 25th of that year. The site was subsequently largely absorbed by the expanded adjacent Kew Kiln and the kiln location saw the erection of a pumping station for the Tilehurst and Pangbourne water works. This suggests that the brick dates from before 1892.  Info supplied by David Kitching and Alison Pinto.


Meadham's Farm Brickworks at Ley Hill, Chesham, Bucks was originally owned & started in 1937 by the Dunton Brothers. The works was taken over by Martin Warner in 1997 & after purchasing several other brickworks, Warner incorporated Dunton's into his Michelmersh Group with the Ley Hill site continuing to called by the Dunton name. This works closed in May 2013 due to higher production costs & diminishing clay reserves. An application to convert the works into a landfill site was turned down in August 2015.  Info & Photographed at Bursledon Brick Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

Dunton Green

Dunton Green Brick, Tile & Pottery Works. A comprehensive account of this works at this Link. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Dunwear, Bridgwater

The Dunwear Co. operated in Bridgwater between 1883 and 1958.  From the late 18th Century, brickmaking became a major local industry and today there is the Brick and Tile Museum.  This example was found in Farnham, Surrey.  Photo and info by Ben Black.

Dunwell Pocklington

Photo by Andrew Boyce.

Photo courtesy of the Pocklington History website

J & J Dunwell. Bullnose brick, with the same name in the frog on both sides and most likely made at the Burnby Lane Brickworks in Pocklington. John Nottingham has researched the Dunwell's and found the 1901 census had James Dunwell's brickmaking son Alban living on Burnby Lane (near the Workhouse, so was presumably then running the Pocklington Brick & Tile Yard). By 1911, he was running the brickyard in Darlington and the census return shows Alban and his family were living nearby. However, note that both their sons are recorded as having been born in Pocklington, their births being registered at Pocklington in 1902 and 1904 respectively, so it looks like they were living on Burnby Lane probably throughout the period of at least 1901-1904 (having married in Sheffield in 1900). John's opinion is that 'J & J Dunwell' were most likely to be James and his younger son Joseph (James's grandson also James was too young to be a brickmaker)

James Dunwell was a brickmaker from Leeds, then moved to the Mill House in Egton Bridge with his son Alban by the 1891 census. Both were brickmakers so presumably commuted by train to and from the big brickyard up the line at Grosmont (just North of the station, opposite the ironworkings). They may never have been based at Pocklington but, like the several others, were the owners and/or managers (Alban was living a couple of doors from the Workhouse on Burnby Lane in 1901). In 1901, James and younger son Joseph were living in Darlington, both brickmakers, so were most likely to be the 'J & J Dunwell'. (Note the 'screwheads' on the frogs, characteristic of other Pocklington products.)

James died in Darlington in Q3 of 1907 - cf. 'James Dunwell (Trustees of), Brickmakers' in the 1905 and 1909 Kelly's Directories for Pock (see above). It is uncertain to what then happened to Joseph but Alban was Manager at the brickworks in Darlington by 1911.

Info from the Pocklington History website and photo by Carla van Beveran.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

W Duogill - see Dougill


Henry Durant, Brick & Pipe Maker, Stapenhill, Burton on Trent, Staffs. in J. G. Harrod & Co.'s 1870 Postal and Commercial Directory of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Rutland, and Staffordshire. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


In the early 1900’s, Stanley Bros. Ltd. opened a new yard, No. 5, in the Bermuda district of Nuneaton to use clay extracted from the Newdigate Estate. Producing only blue building bricks and paviors, the bricks soon became ‘well known for their excellence of colour, shape and durability’. This led Reginald Stanley and the Company to decide they needed a registered trademark that could be applied to their bricks to create a distinctive brand. The exact explanation for the trademark is unknown but it is usually accepted that the Stanley Bros. catalogues provide the answer with the qualities of the bricks including both the words DURability and EXcellence. The ‘Durex’ trademark was accepted and approved by the ‘Office for Patents, Designs and Trade Marks’ in London with the Certificate of Registration, No. 251663, issued in April 1903. This was initially valid for 14 years from 22nd January 1903 but later extensions kept it valid until about 1967. Often the bricks were white glazed on one side, intended for the construction of bakeries, kitchens and butchers premises and for toilet blocks, anywhere where the ease of cleaning was an important factor. The London Rubber Company registered a similarly named trademark in 1929. This was permitted as the trademarks were for different classes of items. The brick was rescued from a public toilet demolition in Worksop, Notts by Tony Bak. Photo and info by Ray Martin.

Photo by Ray Martin.

Found in a demolished chapel wall by Richard Paterson.

Durham Brick and Tile, Crook Hall, Durham

Photo by Chris Tilney.

Durham City & Sidegate Brick & Tile Company

Photo by Chris Tilney.


Found by Malcolm Smith on the Camerton Brickworks site near Workington.

R G Durrant, Bury St Edmunds

Robert George Durrant is listed at the Southgate Works, Nowton Road, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk in Kellys 1865 to 1879 editions. He had re-started the family’s brickworks in 1859. Durrant closed the works in 1896, but was again re-opened by the Bury St. Edmunds Brick Co. two years later. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Edward Dusautoy, Derby

Martyn Fretwell writes;- Edward Dusautoy, owned the California Brickworks, Stockbrook Fields, which was on Stockbrook Street in Derby & he is recorded in Kelly's Trade Directory between 1881 & 1904 at this address. The California Brickworks is then recorded in Kelly's 1908 edition as being owned by the Derby Brick Company, who also owned brickworks on Uttoxeter Road & Slack Lane in Derby. In the Derby & District Trade Directory, 1921 edition, DBC is recorded at Stockbrook Street & as being managed by George Dusautoy, residing at Warwick Avenue, Littleover. So the Duasutoy family may have been the owners/part owners of DBC after Edward had finished brickmaking.

Photo supplied by A.K.A. Demik.

Photo by Andrw Kemp.

Front and back images. Photos by Frank Lawson.


Chas. Dyche of Chaddesden Hill, Derby is recorded in Kelly's Directory for 1857. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Dyson Refractories

A major Sheffield based manufacturer.  Found at Holyhead Breakwater Park, Anglesey.

Dyson Group PLC, Baslow Road, Totley, Sheffield.   This is a modern firebrick made by the Dyson Group PLC. Although its Head Office address is Totley, Sheffield this brick may well have been made at one of its other brickworks in Bonnybridge, Scotland.   J & J Dyson (later Dyson Refractories & Dyson Group PLC) were founded at Stannington, Sheffield in the early 19th century and are manufacturers of refractory products mainly for the steel industry. In 1967 they took over the Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire works of James Dougall & Sons Ltd. & also owned works in Crook, Co. Durham.  Found Barton on Humber.  Photo and info by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Chris Tilney.

Found in Barrow in Furness by Richard Comish.

Photo by David Kitching.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Chris Tilney.

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