"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

England page 3a - letter A - Adderley to Allhusen

Next page: England page 3b - letter A - Allied to Anvil

Adderley Park

Photos by Ray Martin.

Found at North Shropshire Recycling yard by Martyn Fretwell.  Martyn adds:- The Adderley Park Brick Co. Ltd. is recorded in Kelly's Directory on Bordesley Green Road, Saltley, Birmingham from the 1878 edition through to the last available edition in 1940. I have found a reference to a George Burke being the manager of this works between 1880 & 1891 & owners of this brickworks have included Albert Cotton, Henry France, J.J. Edwards, Robert Elson, John Moffat & George Petford all between 1864 & 1933, reference from the Trade Associations of Birmingham Brickmasters. More can be read about George Burke and this brickworks on Stuart Mugridge's web site :-   http://2yearsatmargaretstreet.wordpress.com/tag/adderley-park-brickworks/

Photo by Martyn Fretwell from the Chris Thornburn Collection.

Thought to be from the late 1930s or early 1940s. "CLA-WOOD" was a trade mark for their fixing and partition bricks. Photo by Andy Tunstall.

Photo by Paul Holmes.

Walter Ainley, Storth

Ainley's works was opposite that of David Sharratt on the other side of Huddersfield Road in Elland. The 1896 List of Mines shows him owning Storth Mine which produced Coal and Fireclay. Sharratts also had a Storth Mine, just to confuse matters. The 1901 Directory of Clayworkers lists Ainley, Walter, Huddersfield Road, Elland. Photo by Jason Stott.

Airedale, Shipley

This Shipley is in West Yorkshire near to Bradford.  The area is known for seams of coal, brick making shale and fireclay.  The brick itself was found at nearby Frizinghall Railway Station. The most likely brick maker was George Stelling Hogg who between 1865 & 1875 traded as the Airedale Brick and Tube Co.  The address of the works is simply stated to have been 'Keighley Road, Shipley' but I have never seen a map showing its exact location.  The company employed 51 men and 17 boys; it owned a coal mine and made a combination of bricks, sanitary tubes, glazed closet pans and chimneys.  There were 3 or 4 other brick works in the immediate area but no others used 'Airedale' in their company names.  Thanks to Derek Barker for the photo and information.

Airey, Beech Lanes

Edward Airey is on the 1881 census classed as a Master Builder and Brickmaker, and lived in Birch Road, Beech Lanes, Warley, West Midlands.  Photo by Ray Martin.


Albion Clay Co Ltd, Woodville, Burton-on-Trent. The company first appears in trade directories at the Albion Works in 1891. Production of firebrick seems to have ended after 1899 and by 1912 the business seems to have been involved in production of glazed pipes and conduit along with the sale of fireclays. The business was acquired by the Hepworth Iron Company in 1960. Photo by Chris Smart.

Photo by Phil Burgoyne.

J G Alcock & Co.

Joseph George Alcock appears in the 1871 census as a brick and tile manufacturer at the age of 23. By 1881 he was a tile manufacturer at Trentham and had moved to London by 1891. The trade directories show J & J Alcock trading at Sutherland Street in 1869-70, Alcock and Emery at New Basin, Fenton, in 1875, and Alcock and Forshaw at High Street, Fenton in 1879. This brick is from the period before he went into partnership and was made at a works in the Sutherland Street area.  Photo and info by David Kitching.

Aldham, Suffolk

Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.

Aldridge Brick & Tile - see Utopia entry.

Alfrax - see Carborundum Co Ltd


The Alfreton Brick Company were in operation by 1895 & their brickworks was situated off Alma Street on land which today is partly industrial and part Alfreton Town's football ground. Sometime between 1916 & Kelly's 1922 edition when they are listed as the Alfreton Brick and Tile Co. Ltd., works; Mansfield Road, Alfreton, the company had relocated to James Lawrence's works on Meadow Lane, just off Mansfield Road in Alfreton. The last trade directory for A. B. & T. Co. is Kelly's 1928 edition. Photos and info by Martyn Fretwell.

Another possible Alfreton brick. Found at Ashford-In-The-Water by Malcolm Adlington.

Alite: see Harper & Moores, Stourbridge


Glazed brick manufacturers established by Henry Victor Allen when he took over the Halifax Glazed Brickworks in the Walterclough Valley.  He converted the works to manufacture refractory bricks. Their Sefrac refractory bricks were world famous.  First listed in trade directories in 1904, the works site lies at the foot of a deep valley near Hipperholme, working until circa 2008. At one time the bricks were carried by narrow-gauge railway up the valley to the sidings at Hipperholme station.

Photos by Darrell Prest.  

Simon Patterson sent this photo of the rear of an Allen brick.  


Photos by Chris Tilney.

Front and back of an Allen brick. Photos by David Kitching.

Photos by Jason Stott.

Allen, Ballingdon

 Robert Alfred Allen and Sons, Ballingdon, Sudbury, 1886 - 1909. The business was dissolved by Robert Basil Allen on the 22 April 1909.  It was latterly trading as Allen & Boggis.  Info by Jon Allen, a descendant of the owners.  Photo by Donald Harrison.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


John Allen, Newton Heath, Manchester. Slater's Manchester Directory, 1869. Photo by David Kitching.

Allenite: see Coalmoor


Photo by Mark Cranston.  This will be Christian Allhusen, the Danish-English chemical manufacturer who lived at Elswick Hall. Arthur Brickman adds: a manufacturer based on the South Shore at Gateshead, who as far as I've been able to ascertain, is only listed in local directories around the mid 1850's. The brickworks was at Park Lane, Gateshead.

Photo by Chris Tilney.

Next page: England page 3b - letter A - Allied to Anvil
Return to the England index page