Old Bricks - history at your feet"

England - page 14, Letter L.

Li to Ly

L & M, Carbrook

Origin not known - Carbrook is situated in the east end of Sheffield.  Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

L. P. Ardwick

Photo by David Kitching.


Photo by Ray Martin

J & W Laing



J & W Laing, Blackwell Road Steam Brick Works or Blackwell Road Brick & Tile Works, Blackwell, Carlisle. The Laing family moved their building and contracting business to Carlisle around 1867. In December 1874 and January 1875 John Laing, the eldest son, who by then directed the concern, was advertising for a brick-maker to mould and burn 400,000 bricks. In 1880 an advertisement appeared in a Directory for John & William Laing, Builder & Contractor, proprietors of Blackwell Road Steam Brick Works. A Directory entry of 1882 describes them as ‘brick & tile manufacturers’, and offering as well as bricks, ‘Drain Tiles from 2 to 6 inches’. Photos by Chris Graham.

H Lakin, Stapenhill

Henry Lakin is recorded as brickmaker in Kelly's 1857 Trade Directory at Stapenhill near Burton on Trent. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Lamb (& Co?) Manchester

James Lamb is listed at Travis St goods yard in the 1883 and 1886 editions of Slater's Manchester directory. I think it is doubtful that Lamb made bricks, more likely acting as a merchant and having bricks made for him and stamped with his name. Photo by David Kitching.

Found at Kebroyd Mills, Ripponden by Jason Stott.

T & R Lamb

Although I've been unable to locate the actual brickworks, the company appears in local directories in the early 1880's, with an address in Grahamsley Street in the Bensham area of Gateshead. Immediately behind this location there were extensive Sandstone Quarries, so possibly some brickmaking activity took place in the vicinity too.  Photo and info by Arthur Brickman.

Lambert, Pott Shrigley, Macclesfield

In c1820 George Lambert and Abraham Bury started a small brickworks near Brink Farm with one kiln to fire the bricks. When they needed to expand they moved to the site in Bakestonedale.By 1848 George Lambert was operating a coal and fireclay mine with associated Pott Brickworks on the south side of the road at Bakestonedale, Pott Shrigley. Lambert was still working the Pott Shrigley coal mine in 1884 but had relinquished the firebrick works to James Hall before 1878. By 1896 all had been absorbed into the business of William Hammond on the north side of the road. Photos and information by David Kitching.


Photos by Chris Tilney.

Photos by Frank Lawson.

Possibly made at Lambton D pit, Fencehouses, Houghton le Spring, which operated between1894 and 1960.  Info P J Davison, Brick & Tile Works, north east England (c1970), image PRBCO.

Photo by Chris Tilney.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Chris Tilney.

Photo by Tony Gray.

Lambton, Hetton & Joicey Collieries Co Ltd

Photo by Chris Tilney.

Lancashire Brick Co

Photos by David Kitching.

Photo by Jason Stott.

Lancashire Brick & Terra Cotta Co Ltd, Baxenden, Accrington, in operation 1893 - 1904. The brickworks was situated just south of Baxenden Station. Photos by Frank Lawson.

Lancaster, Brimington

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, found at Barlow near Chesterfield.  From the works of S. M. Lancaster, Brimington, Chesterfield (Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire 1899).

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


Lanchester, County Durham. The ownership of the works is unknown. Photo by Chris Tilney.

Lane Bros. Mansfield.

The Hermitage Brickworks was owned by brothers, Richard and Sampson Clay Lane. The Works occupied land on the right hand side of Hermitage Lane, from it's junction with Sutton Road down to the railway line and was in operation in the early 1900's. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Thanks to Darren Haywood for the photos.

Lane End Works: see Fenton entry

John Langley

John William Langley is listed with two brickworks at Sutterton& Kirton, Lincs. in Kelly’s 1892 to 1905 editions. Then the listing is John Langley & Son Ltd. at Kirton & Sutterton in Kelly's 1909 to 1919 editions. The Langley’s were also builders& contractors, designing & supplying conservatories, green houses & all types of horticultural buildings from Kirton. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Bricks from Langley Barony Fireclay Company, they produced firebricks under the name of Langley Barony Silica Brick Co. along with some white enamelled bricks. the works became more famous for its production of white glazed sanitary ware, including closets, wash hand basins and pedestals, mens urinals and sinks, marketed under the trade name BARONITE.   The yard had 9 downdraught kilns. Photos and info by Graham Brooks.

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Langley Park

Found close to the former large cokeworks site at Langley Park in County Durham. Photo by Doug Henderson.

Photo by Tony Gray.

Langworthy Red Brick Co.

The Langworthy Road Brick & Tile Company Ltd was on Ladybridge Road, Adswood, Stockport. It appears in trade directories for 1898 and 1901. Photo by David Kitching.

Lapal Tunnel Brick Co.

Photo by courtesy of Bristol and Region Archaeological Services.  Unearthed during during groundworks associated with the construction of a new food store at Barnes Hill, California, Birmingham.  Martyn Fretwell writes; The Lapel Tunnel Brick Co. California, Birmingham was started in 1876/7 and in 1882 when it became a limited company, the principal shareholder was John Garlick who owned another brickworks at Upper Saltley. With John going bankrupt two years later in 1884, both his brickworks were closed.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

William James Larner

William James Larner is listed in Whites 1883 edition at Commercial Road, Dereham, Norfolk (home address) then at Crown Point (works), East Dereham in Kellys 1892, 96 & 1904 editions. Dereham is also known as East Dereham. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Photo by Frank Lawson.

Photo by David Fox.

Photo by Terri Gallagher.

Photo by Mark Annand.

Photos by Frank Lawson.

Lathom Brick was started the brickworks was on the site of the former Blaguegate Colliery in around 1935 by Ralph Platt Barker better known as Ray Barker and his brother-in-law Tom Elston as works Engineer. John Williams joined them in 1936 as Sales Manager later becoming Sales Director until when he retired in 1972 The Dalton works in Lees Lane was built in 1948/49. They stopped making pressed bricks in the mid 1960's and went to making wirecut bricks until it closed in 1975.

Coronation 1953.  Photo by courtesy of the Colin Driver collection.

Lauder & Smith, Barnstaple

Alexander Lauder and his Brother in law, W.O. Smith, set up a business at Pottington  Barnstaple making pottery, bricks, and tiles in 1877 and changed the name in 1890, it closed in about 1914.  Info by Brian Sweet, photos by Ian Williams.

Lavender Hill

The Lavender Hill Brickworks, Tonbridge is shown on the 1895 OS map as being situated on a road called Lavender Hill. The Tonbridge History website records this brickworks was operational from around 1840 to 1915. Trade Directories list Frank Chalkin was the brickmaker at the Lavender Hill Brickworks in Kelly’s 1882 & 91 editions. Kelly’s 1903 edition lists Chalkin & Sons, then it’s William Chalkin in Kelly’s 1913 edition. Photo by Richard Symonds & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


David Plumpton found this firebrick on the Solway Coast near Annan. No obvious manufacturer has been found despite asking the usual experts. Mark Cranston noted an A.H. Lavers, brick manufacturer, Grovehurst, Milton Regis, Kent, but this is an unlikely location for firebrick manufacture.


This brick was made during the early 20th century when the Holloway Brothers owned Market Lavington brickworks. The works closed during WW2. Info & photo by Rog.

Law & Co

Abraham Law, produced pressed & clamp bricks at his yards at Brightside Lane, Sheffield & Holmes near Rotherham, with his offices at Lady Bridge Sheffield in 1860's / 70's. He lived on Brocco Bank in Sheffield & owned 34 leasehold houses & 30 acres of land on Brightside Lane. Info by Martyn Fretwell, photo by David Kitching.

Law & Son

Law & Son, West Melton Brickworks, West Melton, Rotherham, S.Yorks. Photo by Frank Lawson.

D & G Law

David & George Law, Intack Colliery, Brandwood Moor, Rossendale.  It was situated just off Rooley Moor Road overlooking Cowpe Reservoir.  Very poor quality brick possibly clamp made.  The works was in operation in 1876 but probably not for long.  Info by Colin Driver, photo by Frank Lawson.

J B Lawes

Made at the Hollygrove Brick and Tile works in Jackfield near Broseley some time between 1867 and 1876 when it was being run by John Bennett Lawes of Harpenden, who developed one of the first chemical fertilisers. According to John Randall the Victorian Local Historian the works existed in 1684. It closed some time in the early 20th century. Photo and info by Steve Dewhirst.

J. Lawrence

Spotted in Riddings, Derbyshire. James Lawrence is recorded in the 1911 census as a brickmaker - employer in Alfreton, previously he had been a miner & I have established he owned the Mansfield Road Brickworks (actually on Meadow Lane & next to the colliery) from the mid 1890's to possibly the early 1920's when the Alfreton Brick Company relocated to this works from Alma Street. Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell.

 Thomas Lawrence, Bracknell

Found during landscaping work at the Carnegie Heritage Centre, Kingston upon Hull.  Bracknell in Berkshire was once well known for its hand-made brick production, and the longest lived of the old brick firms, Thomas Lawrence of Bracknell (or TLB for short) started off at the foot of Wick Hill.  The brown clay to be found in this area was ideal for making rich warm red-fired bricks.  Thanks to Alan Brigham for the contribution. 

The Lawrence works closed at the end of 1982. Robert Lamb acquired the rights to produce Thomas Lawrence Bracknell Red Rubbers and use the TLB trade mark. These distinctive bricks and rubbers have been used on iconic buildings, including Claridges, Westminster Cathedral and Hampton Court Palace. The W T Lamb business continues to hand make them to this day.

Also see the entry for W. K. (Wokingham).

Photo by Simon Fogg. Found in Exmouth, Devon.

Two examples of special shapes, each with a reference number for the particular shape. Photos by John Harrison.

If the marking above is 3TLB that would fit with John Harrison's hypothesis that numbers are used for shaped bricks and also suggest that whoever put the digit first though it important to distinguish between being shaped in 'plan' and shaped in 'elevation'. Photos by Norman Whitehorn, info by John Harrison.

John has a web page about Thomas Lawrence.

Law & Sons, West Melton

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Lawson Bros. South Shields

Lawson Brothers, South Shields, Co. Durham.   Kelly's Durham Directory 1914:-
George Lawson Jnr., Mile End Road, South Shields. Info by courtesy of Frank Lawson.

Photo by Anthony E Gray.

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Laycock & Grace

Found at Hainworth, Keighley.  This would have been made by Laycock & Green, Highfield, Keighley and listed in Kelly, 1871.  Info and image PRBCO

W. Lea

William Lea, Audley Road, Chesterton, Newcastle under Lyme. The works lasted from 1865 until 1879 when the yard was put up for sale but seems to have found no buyers. In 1868 William Lea is listed in the trade directory as brickmaker and manufacturer of ridge, roof & floor  tiles etc. & builder. Photo and information by David Kitching.

J & R Leah

Collyhurst, Manchester. This works is listed in the 1895 Slater's Directory at Collyhurst Road and again in 1903 as J & R Leah, red pressed engineering and common brickmakers, Collyhurst Road and Fitzgeorge Street. They are listed again in 1909 at the latter address only but not in 1911. Photo and information by David Kitching.


The Leamington & Lillington Brickyard Co., Ltd., Campion Road, Leamington. Kellys' Warwickshire Directory 1884 - 1940. The 1884 directory lists the address as Lillington Road, Leamington. In 1888 the address was Lillington Road, Leamington & Kenilworth. By 1900 it had become Campion Road, Leamington. Photo and info by Frank Lawson.

Leamington & Lillington Brickyard Co.

Photos by Gary Timlin.

Kellys records The Leamington & Lillington Brickyard Co. Ltd. Lillington Road, Leamington in its 1884 edition with Thomas Mills as Managing Director. 1888 edition lists Thomas Southorn as M.D. Then 1892 edition lists Arthur T. Elkington as Secretary followed by later editions as Manager. From 1900 to 1940 editions (1940 last available directory) the works address is given as Campion Road. This was a new road built off Lillington Road to access the works. After the brickworks had closed & been demolished, houses were built in the 1960/70's & the filled in clay pit was grassed & planted with trees creating an open green space. Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the John Baylis Collection.

H Leamon, Greet, Birmingham

In 1880 and 1882 Herbert Leamon is listed at the Greet Brickworks. Info at this link. Photo by Frank Lawson.


Located in Leamore Lane, Walsall.1.5 miles NW of Walsall centre.  Leamore Brick Co., Green Lane, Birchills, Walsall, a 6.5 acres brickworks site adjacent to Wyrley & Essington Canal.  Photo and info by Ray Martin.

Found in Derby by Frank Lawson


Leasingthorne Colliery Brickworks, Leasingthorne, Bishop Auckland, Co.Durham.  Seggar from Leasingthorne Colliery was used for brickmaking at the site until 1960. The Colliery opened in 1836 and closed in 1965.  By 1968, and as a result of the closure of the Colliery, the majority of houses in Leasingthorne had been demolished, they were followed by the chapel and school in the early 1970's.  Stone Row survived until 1976 and by 2003 only Eden Terrace remained.  Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Leasingthorne Brick Works. Photo by Chris Tilney.

John Lee, Mosbro

John Lee, Station Road, Mosborough, Derbys. John Lee is listed as farmer, brickmaker & blacksmith at Waterthorpe, Mosborough, Sheffield in Kelly's 1887 to 1912 editions.  Photos by Frank Lawson.

W. Lee, Barrow

Walton Lee made bricks c1880 - c1890s in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria. Angus, Glasgow. Image PRBCO.

Leebotwood Brickworks

The brickworks at Leebotwood, Shropshire was next to the colliery and is shown on an 1883 map, but was closed by 1902 as it is not shown on the map for that year. Info by Martyn Fretwell, photo by David Kitching.


Found in a garden in Leeds, photo by Steve Kind, quite likely made by the company below.

Leeds Brickmaking Co.

Found in a garden in Leeds, photo by Steve Kind.  John Pease thinks this one could have been made by the Leeds Brickmaking Co of Armley.  Phillip Rothery confirms this; it is listed in trade directories between 1875 and 1909, firstly at Armley Road and latterly at Dolly Lane.

Reverse of brick above. Photos by Jason Stott.

Photo by David Fox.

Leeds Fireclay Co.Ltd.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Chris Shaw.

Leeds Fireclay company incorporated Cliff, Ingham, Wortley Fireclay, Oates & Green (Halifax), Edward Brooke (Huddersfield) and Burmantoft works.

Photo by Don Boldison.

Photos by Jason Stott.

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Found at the old steelworks site in Workington. Photo by Richard Cornish.

Alan Dunn took this photo of the back of a Leeds Fireclay brick in St. Albans.

Found near London Zoo by Vladimir Smirnov.

Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.

Photo by Malcolm Adlington

Reverse of LFC brick, photo by Alan Davies.

Photo by Andy Chaplin.  Brick made after the takeover of the Burmantoft company.

A member of the Leeds Fireclay Company. Image PRBCO.

The front and rear of a Burmantofts brick by Martyn Fretwell.

Two sides of a glazed brick found at a 1902-3 built pub in Hunslet. Photo by Carley Noga.

Photo by David McNicholas.

Seen in Riccall, N Yorks. L.F.C. A glazed face imperial brick. Photo by Ian Prest.

B P C, Leeds Fire Clay Co, Field House, Huddersfield. A big voussoir special product by Leeds Fireclay Co Ltd.  12" x 12" x 8"/9", photo by Ian Suddaby.

Found in Leeds by Nigel Megson.

Leeds Patent Brick Co

The Leeds Patent Brick Company operated in Leeds - Cross Stamford Street /Dolly Lane / Roseville Road - and was listed in trade directories, 1870 - 1956. After 1938, it was a branch of B. Whitaker and Sons (B W S), list in phone book for 1956 but not 1961. Image PRBCO.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Found near Bramhope, Leeds.

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by Rob Padley.

Image PRBCO.

Leeman & Thomas

Leeman & Thomas, Layerthorpe, York. York Directory 1846 - 1858. This brick was recovered from the cellar floor of a Victorian terraced house in York by Katie Keefe. Info by Frank Lawson.

Photo by David Kitching.

Leicester Patent Brick & Tile

Photo by David Kitching.

The Leicester Patent Brick & Tile Co. is recorded in White's 1877 edition at Greyfriars & works at Humberstone with J.A. Bosworth as Managing Director. Followed by Kelly's 1881 edition at New Humberstone with T. Beech as Manager. It seems that by 1882 the business was no longer trading. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Augustus Leideman was a merchant in Newcastle from around 1850 to 1880. Photos by Chris Graham.

Leigh & Son

John Leigh & Son ran their brickworks at High Lane, Burslem from the early 1890s until at least 1916. They do not appear in the 1921 trade directory. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Levenshulme Brick & Tile Co

Levenshulme Brick & Tile Co., Levenshulme, Manchester. The London Gazette of 3rd November 1908 records the insolvency and dissolution of The Levenshulme Brick & Tile Co.Ltd. Info from Frank Lawson.

Leverstock & Acorn

Leverstock and Acorn Red Brick Co. Hemel Hempstead.  There is a reference to a chimney stack repair in London Road, Apsley End, Hemel Hempstead in 1897, were it was found that the bricks used were stamped L & A and came from the Bennetts End brickfield. The company's Leverstock Green Works had been established by the Norris family in 1848, operating it under the Norris name. The family then set up the Acorn Works at nearby Bennetts End around 1897 & the company was re-named the Leverstock & Acorn Red Brick Co. The Leverstock Works had closed by 1902. The last recorded advertisement for L & A brickworks was in 1945. More about the company and brickmaking in Hemel Hempsted can be read here:  http://bacchronicle.homestead.com/Brickmaking.html
Also see the entry for Norris, Hemel Hempstead.

Info by Martyn Fretwell, photos by Frank Lawson.

A Lewis, Percy Road

Arthur Lewis owned the Burbury Brickworks which was on Percy Road, Greet, Yardley, Birmingham in Kelly's 1896, 97 & 1900 editions. Info by Martyn Fretwell, photo by Frank Lawson.

John Lewis & Sons

Kelly's 1908 trade directory lists John Lewis & Sons, City Works, Anthony Road, Saltley. Photo by Angel Rose.

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