"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

England page 8, Letter F

Hugh Facey

This brick came from a site in Exeter, Devon and formed part of the upper courses of a 19th century well.  The initials "HF" stamped on the brick refers to Hugh Facey, the builder responsible for construction of York Cottages and York Buildings and the well in the late 1810s-early 1820s.  Thanks to Andrew Tizzard for the photo and info.


Photo by Tom Langton.

Photo by Frank Lawson.  Martyn Fretwell writes :- Farco was a trade name used by the Farcet Brick Co. in Peterborough, which was owned by the McDougall family (flour mills) of Manchester. The Farcet Brick Co. in Farcet, Peterborough appears in Kelly's 1898 & 1903 editions with N. McDougall as secretary & was in operation from 1896 to 1921. After the company went into liquidation the works was sold to the London Brick Co. A link to brickworks in that area in 1900.

Farish, Chester

William Farish was a coal, flag, slate and tile merchant in Chester. It seems that he had bricks made stamped with his name by a brickworks elsewhere. This was quite a common thing for brick merchants in the 19th century. It is quite likely that his brick was actually made in North Wales.


Photo by Pál Aczima.

Farnley Iron

Farnley Iron Works was founded in 1844 by Armitage Brothers of Farnley Hall. It is reckoned that the Farnley Iron Company produced more bricks than iron. It manufactured both household and firebricks.

This one is a double bull nose and is glazed.

Photos by Frank Lawson.

This wonderful glazed brick was discovered during the renovation of Carnforth station in Lancashire.  Stephanie writes:  When renovation work was being carried out by builders in the Furness and Midland Hall, they found one of the bricks was loose, high up on one of the walls, and on pulling it out and turning it round they found the other side was ceramic and ornately inscribed with the words "Farnley Iron Co Ltd Farnley, Leeds.  This hadn't been seen, since it was built in the 1890's.

Photo by Derek Barker.

Phots by David Kitching.

Photo by Anthony Burke who found this example marked WORTLEY in an old fireplace at a farm in Cowling near Keighley.

Photo by Alan Davies.

R Farrant, Cullompton

Photo courtesy of Tiverton Museum of Mid Devon Life.

Kelly's Directory for 1889 has Robert Farrant as a brick manufacturer at Growen, Cullompton. Photo by Nick Savage.

Farrington, March

Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.

Faulkener, Crick

Photo by Andrew Farthing who writes: Crick is a small village in Northamptonshire and I have been told that these bricks were used in the building of Crick Canal tunnel on the Leicester branch of the Grand Union Canal, but haven't yet been able to verify that!


Mark Cranston says that Fell & Co. operated as merchants in bricks and other goods, out of the port Newcastle upon Tyne, in the 1850's/60's. It is likely that bricks bearing the name FELL were made by unknown brickworks to the order of the Fell company. Found at Dunston near Gateshead. Photo by Chris Tilney.

Photo by Chris Graham.

Fenay Bridge

Made in Huddersfield.  Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by Russ Firth.


I suspect that this is a product of Lumley brickworks. Photo by Mitch Richardson.

F. H. B. L. - Fencehouses

Photo by Chris Tilney.

Fencehouses Brickworks Ltd., Fencehouses, Co.Durham. Photo by Frank Lawson.

Fenton/Lane End Works

Front and back on Fenton/Lane End brick

Oldfield Colliery in Fenton and its associated brickworks was owned by Balfour  & Co in the 1880s.The colliery passed on to another company, the Lane End Works Ltd. by 1889. Then in September 1896 the colliery, now in the hands of the Oldfield Colliery Company  was closed leaving the brickworks to operate in its own right. This yard had a sustained life through until at least 1959, when it was manufacturing refractory bricks under the ownership of D Duddell Ltd.  Photos and info by David Kitching.

Fenton Collieries

Glebe Colliery was established by the mid nineteenth century and operated for around 100 years. From the 1860s it was operated by Challinor and Co and then by 1900, J Heath and Co. In 1919 it was in the hands of Fenton Collieries Ltd and continued to work into the nationalised era. It finally closed under the NCB in October 1964. The associated brickworks was situated a short distance to the south of the pit and had three round kilns in 1878. The brickworks was still in business in the 1930s, but had been levelled by 1953.  Photo and info by David Kitching.

Photo by William Whitehead

The Glebe Pit was one of the Fenton Collieries. Image PRBCO.

Photo by David Kitching.

Photos by Ken Perkins.

Fenton Low: see Hewitt, Fenton Low

Fenton Tileries

James Wood ran the Fenton Tileries, Fenton Culvert in partnership with Leonard Broughton Wood as a brick and tile manufacturer. The business is first listed in the trade directory of 1875-76 and James Wood was bankrupt in May 1892. It appears that the site was owned by Messrs John Challinor & Co Ltd, Glebe Colliery, Fenton,  and there is a memorandum of minutes re the application by William Hill and others to take lease of Fenton Tileries
brickworks, 20 Feb 1893.  Photo and information by David Kitching.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Greg Julian.

Ferens and Love

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Photo by Ian Suddaby.

Photo by Steven Tait.

Photo by Richard Cornish.

Kelly's Durham Directory 1890: - Fire Brick Manufacturers Ferens & Love, Lanchester, Durham Ferens & Love, 28 Market Place ; works, Cornsay & Lanchester Collieries, Durham Cornsay colliery was opened in 1868 by Ferens and Love, who employed 700 men at the colliery and its associated drift mines. The company established a works alongside the colliery specifically for the manufacture of bricks and sanitary pipes using fire clay extracted from the mine. The brickworks operated for some time after the closure of the colliery in 1953. Photos and info by Frank Lawson.

Joseph and Sarah Love had one son, Isaac Pearson Love, who died in 1854, leaving an only child, Joseph Horatio Love, born in 1853, who subsequently lived at The Hawkhills near Easingwold, Yorkshire. Isaac Pearson Love's widow Sarah (née Stephinson) in ca.1857 married Robinson Ferens (died 1892), originally a draper of Durham City and Willington, County Durham. Robinson Ferens became a member of the Methodist New Connexion perhaps in ca.1857. After his marriage he was appointed manager of Joseph Love's collieries. He later joined with Love as a partner in developing new collieries and after Love's death in 1875 had sole direction of the collieries, becoming wealthy.


 Found in the walls of a building at Lion Brickworks, Scalford. A possible source is Littleworth Tileries at Hednesford in Staffordshire. In 1876 this was William Field, Littleworth Works, Hednesford 1876. 1904 William Field, Littleworth Tileries. 1924 Field's Littleworth Tileries Limited. By 1928 the business was being operated by Itters Brick Co Ltd. The works is not listed in the 1940 trade directory. Photo by Nigel Furniss.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

William Finch

William Finch is listed in Somerset trade directories for 1883 with a works at Sedgemoor and offices at Burnham-on-Sea. Found in Somerset and photo by Neil Bannell.


Made in Sacriston in County Durham. A local history (Rand & Nairn, 'Memories of Sacriston', 2004) says it was made by the Findon Hill Coal Company in and for a few years after 1873. Photo and info by Ian Hunter.

Josh. Firbank

Joseph Firbank was a contractor who was responsible for the building of railways in many parts of Britain in the nineteenth century. This brick came from a bridge on the Lewes and East Grinstead Railway, better known today as the Bluebell Railway. Firbank was the contractor for this line which opened in 1882. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Fire Brick

Photographed at Apedale Heritage Centre, Ken Perkins has been unable to find the maker of this red/brown brick. My only option is that it was made at a company with Fire Brick in its name, but the only one I have found is in Wednesbury, South Staffs. & out of Ken's collecting area. So any ideas please let me know.

Firth & Sons, Crowboro

Photo by Richard Symonds, taken at Amberley Chalkpits Museum.

Fish (Salmon) impression: see Gibson

J B Fisher & Co, Stourbridge

Photo by Frank Lawson.

This one was found in Brazil by Luis Antonio Magnani while he was doing work in the basement of a gasometer in San Paulo. Martyn Fretwell writes J. B. Fisher & Co. owned the Hayes (fireclay) Colliery in Stourbridge from the 1860's & are listed in Kelly's at the Hayes Fireclay Works, Stourbridge in the1872 to 1892 editions. The fireclay works was then taken over by Mobberley & Perry who are recorded in Kelly's from the 1896 edition at The Hayes Brickworks, Lye, Stourbridge.

T Fisher

Thomas Fisher, Handsworth, Sheffield. 1881 Census: - Thomas Fisher, Handsworth, Sheffield. - Married, Born 1853, Brick & chimney pot maker. It looks as if someone ran out of the letter T for the die plate in the mould. Photo by Frank Lawson.


Benjamin Fisk is listed in Kellys 1869 edition at Rishangles, Eye, Suffolk. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.

Fisons, Burwell - see Burwell


Photos by Frank Lawson.

Photo by David Kitching.

 Mrs. Catherine Oliver Fison is listed as owner of the Stowmarket brickworks in Kelly's 1869 to 1900 editions. The 1912 & 25 editions records the Stowmarket works as Fison & Co. The brickworks had been started in the 1830's and Fison's main interest was in producing fertilisers. Fisons purchased another fertiliser and brick works at Burwell in 1929 and more can be read under that heading. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Found in Suffolk by Kelvin Dakin.

Fitton, Dewsbury

Fitton's Brick and Tile Co., Pildacre, Dewsbury, West Yorkshire. Listed in Robinson 1904. Located between Dewsbury and Ossett. Photos by Jason Stott.

Five Oaks, Blythe Bridge

Ken Perkins records the Five Oaks brickworks at Blythe Bridge, Stoke as being in operation in 1879 & I have found two brick works marked on a 1879 map on Caverswall Road, Blythe Bridge. Info & Photo taken at Apedale Heritage Centre by Martyn Fretwell.

Isaac Flavell

Around 1845 Isaac Flavell a Railway Contractor established a brickworks next his Stonehouse Farm in Weoley Castle, Birmingham to exploit the rich seam of good quality brickmaking clay. Isaac Flavell is first listed as a brickmaker in White’s 1845 edition with the address of Gas Street, Birmingham which was his wharf side distribution warehouse. It was only after Flavell had built the California Inn (which he owned) near the Lappel Canal Tunnel in 1850 that this area of Weoley Castle became known as California. In 1864 Flavell put his brickworks up for sale & with there being no buyers Flavell leased his works in 1865 to James Smart in a 14 year agreement. Isaac Flavel died in June 1870 & James Smart then purchased the brickworks & clay mine from his Executors for £4,200. Isaac Flavell also owned a brickworks at Mucklow Hill, Halesowen producing blue bricks for his railway contracts which James Smart also leased in 1865 & then purchased in 1872. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

David Fletcher

Passmonds Brickworks. 1881 census: - David Fletcher. Age 38. Brickmaker employing 4 men & 4 boys. 228 Edenfield Road, Passmonds, Rochdale. Info by Frank Lawson, photo by David Kitching.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Jason Stott.

James Fletcher, Great Lever

Photo by Jason Stott.

Great Lever is a district of Bolton, 2km south of the town centre. Photos by Frank Lawson.

William Fletcher, Bolton and Horwich

Photo by David Kitching.

Photo by Colin Driver.

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by Steve Reynolds.

William Fletcher, Tong Moor Brickworks, Bolton. Photos by David Kitching.

Fletcher & Watson, Ripley

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Thought to be made in Ripley, Derbyshire, by a partnership in the late 1870s between brickmakers Samuel Fletcher and George Watson. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Flettons Limited

Flettons were based near Peterborough. Photos by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Andrew Morley.

Fletton 1981 Centenary Brick. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Foleshill Brick & Tile Co, Longford, Coventry

The Foleshill Brick & Tile Co is listed in Kellys 1900 to 1940 editions at Sydall Road, Longford, Coventry. Info by Martyn Fretwell, photo by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Steve Chaplin.

Folkestone Brick & Tile Co

The Clayworkers' Directory for 1901 lists this company as The Folkestone Brick & Tile Co., Ltd.; Works, Cheriton, near Folkestone. Wire-cuts and Pressed Bricks. The earliest reference I have found is from August 1898 advertising turf for sale which suggests that they were stripping land for clay extraction. The last reference is in 1925. Photo by David Hall.

Fontley, Fareham

The Fontley Brick & Tile Co. was in the village of Funtley, Hampshire (also locally known as Fontley) and they were producing hand-made bricks from the 1850's to 1923 when they then produced bricks & tiles by machine. Well known as 'Fareham Reds' these bricks were used in the building of the Royal Albert Hall in London. In 1916.  John Thomas Chappell & his wife Elizabeth are recorded in the London Gazette as co-owners of the company. The works closed in 1967. Info & Photos taken at Westbury Manor Museum, Fareham by Martyn Fretwell.


Ford Brick Works, South Ford, Hylton Road,Sunderland, 1890s. The works was taken over by The Ford Limestone and Brick Co in 1900. Photo by Chris Tilney.

William Ford

William Ford was a builder living in Chell and Fegg Hayes districts of North Staffordshire who in the 1840s and 50s had brickmaking interests in Navigation Road and Nile Street, Burslem and also at nearby Sneyd. In the 1860s and early 70s he was a coal master and then an agent and there are no brickworks listings for his name in trade directories. under his name for brickworks. He reappears in 1876 and 1880 and in the 1881 census as a brick manufacturer living in Burslem with a works in Fegg Hayes which is where this brick was found when houses were demolished. Photo by David Kitching.

Ford Lane Brick Works, Crewe

Found in an 1877 built house on Samuel Street, Crewe by Mark Stanley.


B J H Forder opened a brickworks at Wootton Pillinge in Bedfordshire in 1897. This later became known as Stewartby. The business was floated in 1900 as B J Forder & Son Ltd and was merged with The London Brick Company. Photo by Steve Strapps.

Forest, Walsall

Martyn Fretwell writes ;- The Forest (Walsall) Brick Co. Ltd., Northcote Street, Bloxwich Road, Walsall is listed in Kelly’s 1928 to 1940 editions. The company had taken over the brickworks which had been previously been run by the Birchills & North Walsall Brick Co., situated next to the North Walsall Railway Station. A notice in the London Gazette signed by Chairman Joseph Cohen dated 10th September 1965, records that the Company was "voluntarily wound up" at a special meeting on the 24th of August 1965. Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Fosalsil / Fosilsil

Fosilsil Solid. Heat insulating bricks carrying the brand name FOSALSIL were designed for the flues of glass furnaces and presumably brickworks. They're fragile and lightweight. Production was by Moler Products Ltd at Hythe Works in Colchester. Photo and info by Ian Suddaby.

Foss Brick and Tile Works

Foss Brick & Tile Works, Millbrook, Cornwall. Founded c1870 and in business until 1913 this brickworks was owned by theh Devonshire Brick Co Ltd. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Photo by Bernie Millington.

Photos by Ian Williams.


  Henry Foster & Co, Hotspur Brickworks, Backworth, Newcastle which opened in 1877. The works was taken over by General Refactories in 1955 and closed in 1967. Info by Martyn Fretwell, photo by Ian Suddaby.

Photo by Tony Gray.

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Photo by Neville Akers.

Photo by Steven Tait.

Thanks to Maurice Atherton for the photo.

A Foster firebrick, thanks to George Simpson for the photo.

Photographed in Staveley by Simon Patterson

Foster Crown, thanks to Darren Haywood for the photo.

HG stands for High Grade which was fired at 1250 degrees F. Both photographed at Corris by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Bill Duff.

John Foster

John Foster is recorded as a firebrick manufacturer at Felling Shore, Gateshead 1858-68.

John Foster

Found at Meltham, W.Yorks. Origin not certain but found with a number of local bricks so possibly - John Foster, Woodhouse, Normanton, West Yorks. Kelly's West Riding Directory 1881. Photo by Frank Lawson.

Fosters, Bishop Auckland

Henry Foster, Todhills Brickworks, Bishop Auckland, Co. Durham.  Established in the mid-1930's, on the site of the former railway station, the firm of Henry Foster at Todhills near Bishop Auckland continued in production until 1979, from which date the business has passed through a succession of ownerships, today being part of the Wienerberger Group. Info by Arthur Brickman, photo by Chris Tilney.

Fosters Brick, Felling

Photo by Chris Tilney.

Photo by Anthony E Gray.

Photo by Tony Gray.

William Foster, Stoneygate & Pelaw, Felling, Co. Durham. Fosters brickworks were at Stoneygate and Pelaw. Foster was in the right place at the right time when he landed a contract to make bricks for the massive building programme of the Co-operative Wholesale Society at Pelaw. The business was liquidated in 1941. Photos by Frank Lawson.


Front and back of a Thomas Foulkes brick, who was brickmaker at Kilbourne, Derby & is recorded in Kelly's 1876 edition. Note the old fashioned spelling of Kilburn, which is a village just north of Derby just off the A38. Photos & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Fountain & Burnley

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Found in Bessacar near Doncaster.  Phillip Rothery adds:  This is made by Fountain & Burnley, Mapplewell Brickworks, Darton near Barnsley.  This site is listed in trade directories between 1904 and 1927.  The company also owned the nearby North Gawber colliery 1882 - 1947 and Woolley Colliery 1910 - 1947.

H Fowell & Son, Gnosall

At least four generations of the Fowell family ran the brickworks at Gnosall Heath and then adjacent to the Shropshire Union Canal at Cowley in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Richard Fowell Senior and his son Richard were in charge in the 1850s and by the 1880s had been succeeded by Richard junior's son Henry Fowell who was in turn succeeded by his son Henry Richard by 1901 and still there in 1911. The Cowley works seems to have closed soon after 1921. Photo by David Kitching.

Photo by Graham Symons.

Photo courtesy of Gnosall Heritage Group.

Fox, Bridlington

It is most likely that this brick was made by/for George and Thomas Fox who were involved in a range of businesses in Bridlington including Albert Town, Yorkshire, (Limited.) which was set up in 1866 to develop a large area along the sea front at Bridlington.In 1886-1867 George Fox acted as broker for the £20,000 share issue. The prospectus included making and sale of bricks. Photo by Carla van Beveren who found the brick at Wetwang.

S Fox

Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection.

W & G Fox

Photo by Nigel Furniss, maker not known.

Foxley Brick Co., Milton

This brickworks was adjacent to the branch canal at Foxley Bridge, Milton, Stoke-on-Trent. The proprietor seems to have been chemical manufacturer Josiah Hardman who also ran aan oil and chemical works nearby who was advertising bricks for sale in 1877. Photographed at Apedale Heritage Centre by Ken Perkins.

J Foxon, Belgrave

John Foxon had a brick works in Belgrave , Leicester ,from 1875 to about 1885. He employed five men and one boy on the 1881 census and lived at 25 Loughborough Road, around half a mile from the works.  Photo and info by Dennis Gamble.

Framwellgate Coal Co

Found near Tow Law in Durham by Chris Tilney.

Photo by Steven Tait.

Photo by Liz Robinson.

S France, Hindley

There's an entry in the 1885 Wigan Directory listing him as a builder, contractor and licensed victualler at the Royal Hotel, 250 Castle Hill Road, Hindley. Info by Alan Davies, photo by Malcolm Brown.

Photo by Frank Hilton.

John Frank & Sons

Thought to be John Frank & Sons, Barton upon Humber, Lincs. Found by Frank Lawson in Pocklington.

Photo by Jim Stevens.

Fraser Woodbridge

Fraser Woodbridge is listed as brickmaker at Holyport, Maidenhead in Kellys 1887 & 1899 editions. Photo & info by Martyn Fretwell.

W & C French

Kellys 1899 to 1933 editions list William & Charles French as operating two works, Lower Queens Road, Buckhurst Hill & Ray Lodge brickfields, Snakes Lane, Woodford Green. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Frenchay Brickworks, Bristol.

Photo by Neil Bannell.

Freshfield Lane Brickworks

Freshfield Lane Brickworks at Danehill, Sussex, was established over one hundred years ago and is now part of Michelmersh Brick Holdings PLC. Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell. Also see entry for Michelmersh Brick Co.  Many Thanks to Richard Symonds for the early history. - The brickworks was started in 1899 on the west side of Freshfield Lane in the Parish of Horsted Keynes In 1907, brothers John & Alfred Setford, were recorded as brickmakers at the works. From 1927 onwards the company traded as Freshfield Lane Brickworks and was owned by the Hardy Family. They produce sand-faced, clamp-fired stocks and were still in production in 1993. Reference Sussex Industrial Archaeology Society Gazeteer.

Photo by Guy Morgan.

Photo by Mark Wigmore.

Frisby, Tardebigge

Simon Patterson photographed this one at Avoncroft Museum

Frindsbury Brickfield Company

Originally owned by the West family the Frindsbury works at Chatham in Kent was sold to George Bluett Winch in 1903. Winch formed Frindsbury Brickfield Co Ltd and soon sold the lease on the brickworks to Medway Insurance Co Ltd which was followed by Kent Estates & Investments Co Ltd, and finally in 1925 by Northern Assurance Co Ltd. The works made yellow stock bricks.

J. Frith, Bury

Liverpool Mercury, 26 May 1854
To Mr. Henry Clayton, London
Bury, Lancashire, April 11, 1854.
Sir,- In reply to your inquiries respecting the working and results of your Patent Brick Machine, I beg to say it entirely meets with my approbation, and does more work and better than I expected. I am now making upwards of 12,000 per day, with a set of men that never worked in a brickfield before, or ever saw the machine. In another week's practice I hope to get 3,000 more out of it per diem. I have no hesitation in saying it is the best machine extant, and I intend ordering another. Send me one of your Patent Brick Presses, same size mould as before.- I am, sir, yours, respectfully,
(Signed) John R. Frith, Contractor, &c.

Photo by Paul Higson.

J. Frogett

This is a product of Jno Froggatt of North Wingfield, Derbyshire, listed as brickmaker in the 1857 White's Directory of Derbyshire. Photo and information by David Kitching.


Henry George Frost, produced bricks at his Sicklesmere works near Bury St. Edmunds between 1900 & 1914. Kellys 1912 edition lists him at Out Westgate, Bury & works Sicklesmere. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Joseph Fryer

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Photo taken by Gary Scurr at the remains of an old lead smelt mill in Frosterley, County Durham.  Arthur Brickman adds: Joseph Fryer was the owner of Bitchburn Colliery (also known as Beechburn) and associated Firebrick Works near Howden-le-Wear in South-west Durham during the 1880's, so it would be safe to assume that both the 'Fryer' and 'J.F.' branded bricks were produced there under his tenure, their find location being less than ten miles by direct rail-link to the works. (Ref: Durham Mining Museum & Kelly 1884, J. Fryer)

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Alfred Fuller

Alfred Fuller bought land next to the railway station on Station Road, Warboys, Huntingdonshire for his brickworks between 1891 & 1896. Alfred Fuller is listed in Kellys 1898 edition at Warboys with offices at High Street, Ramsey. Kellys 1910 edition now reads Alfred Fuller (exors of). The works is next listed in Kellys 1914 edition as being owned by the Warboys Brick Works Company. This company then sold the works to LBC in 1923. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


Photo by Vladimir Smirnov.  Funton bricks are still made today by Ibstock

Photo by Phil Burgoyne.

Funton Brickworks, Lower Halstow, Sittingbourne, Kent. In its latter years the Funton Brickworks was owned by Ibstock Brick Ltd and under their ownership it closed in 2008. Prior to Ibstock I am unable to determine who owned the works but Eastwood & Co and Redland did own works in the same area so they may have had some connection. Photo and info by Frank Lawson.

Furn-Axe: see Burn Fireclay Co.

Furness, Askham in Furness

Askam-in-Furness is located 8km north of Barrow-in-Furness. Brickworks aside Barrow to Millom railway line. Still operative 2010. Image PRBCO.

Photo by Mark Cranston.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Photos by Frank Lawson.

Furness, Barrow

Photo by Chris Graham.

Photos by Frank Lawson.

Photo by David Kitching.

Made in Barrow in Furness and found in Moffat, Dumfrieshire by Peter Robinson.

Image PRBCO.

Found at the old paper mill site in Barrow in Furness by Richard Comish.

Found in Barrow by Richard Comish. 

The Furness Brick and Tile Co Ltd., Barrow-in-Furness. The works were started about 1866 by Messrs. Woodhouse and Co. In 1876 AJ Woodhouse moved his yard to Walney Road and his works covered an area of over 20 acres. Later the business passed into the hands of Messrs. R. F. Matthews and Son, and eventually in 1898 the Furness Brick & Tile Co Ltd., was founded. The company had two large works and premises, one situated at Hindpool covering an area of about 19 acres, and one at Ormsgill of about 6 acres. The output of the two works comprises all the usual kinds of plain and ornamental bricks, drainage tiles for agricultural purposes, and the best kinds of facing bricks. In 1901 the weekly output was about 320,000 common bricks and 53,000 facing bricks with a workforce of about 250. Final closure came in 1972.

Futcher, Salisbury

Robert Futcher had many interests - supplier of building materials, timber merchant, contractor and speculator - and only seems to have made bricks in Fisherton for about five years around 1860 and also for about five years in the late 1870s in Bemerton.  The earliest reference to the industry in Fisherton was in 1685 when 20 acres were in 'Brickilln Furlong in the Middle Field'. Expansion in the 18th century was continued into the 19th century, by the end of which the deposits were either worked out or built over - the area lies between Wilton and Salisbury in a desirable residential district. The first reference to brickmaking in Bemerton was in 1801 when a brick-kiln leased to Mr Ford was offered for sale.  The local 'brickearth' is probably chalk derived and is capable of producing red or cream/grey bricks depending on oxidisation or reduction during firing. Salisbury Guildhall is built of 'Fisherton Grey' and these bricks give a distinctive appearance to many of the 19th century buildings in the city.  Photo and info by Jamie Wright.

See Fisherton and Bemerton Brickyards by Jamie Wright, to be published by South Wiltshire Industrial Archaeology Society.


Mr John Rhodes Fyfe started 'Shipley Firebrick Works' (later called the Sanitary Tube and Brick Works) at the Shipley end of Heaton Woods, Bradford around 1875.  The works continued in operation for about 50 years.  As well as refractory fire bricks for furnaces, his works made household bricks, salt-glazed sinks, animal troughs and chimney pots.  Coal pits and a quarry site were associated with the brick-works. I have seen both [FYFE] and [SHIPLEY] brick-marks on opposite sides of a double frogged, pressed, fire-brick.  Another brickmark used was [J R FYFE & Co][SHIPLEY].  A plan of the works dating to 1877 survives in the West Yorkshire Archives. The works with its beehive kilns is mapped on the OS 1890-91 which also shows the old coal pit on site. This seems to have been abandoned by the 1908 OS map to be replaced by a drift mine under an adjacent hillside with the products reaching the works by means of a short tramway; after this there seems to have been a second drift with an entrance in the quarry north of the site.  The works have been demolished by the time of the 1934 OS revision.  Thanks to Derek Barker for photos and information.

Photo by David Fox.

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