"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

England page 21 Letters: T,  UV


Made at Tamar Brickworks, Devon United Mine, Mary Tavey, Devon. Photo by Ian Castledine.

Tamar Firebrick and Clay Company

Opened in April 1871 after 20 acres of land had been acquired by Thomas Procter and Samuel Richards,a mining engineer. The company was registered with a capital of '20,000, shares being '2 each. In 1880 some of the products were used in the building of the Plymouth Public school. The works had closed down by 1887 when Charles Edward Appleby was the proprietor (or was it 1914). The company was restarted around 1918 with Thomas Hill as manager. Westbrick Co bought it in 1918 and it closed down in the same year (and closed in 1935 by which time, the name had changed to Tamar Brickworks and Potteries Limited . White firebricks and terracotta tiles were produced and latterly chemical stoneware. Clay came from a pit across the road and was brought in through an adit via a tramway. They used a Hoffman kiln with 16 compartments. All the works have been demolished and the clay pit backfilled. It is now the site of the Cox Park caravan site.  Info by Frank Lawson.

Tamar & Coalville

Tamar & Coalville Ltd. is recorded at Coalville, Leicestershire in Kelly's 1895 & 1900 editions. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Tamworth Colliery

Tamworth Colliery Co Ltd., Tamworth Colliery, Alvecote, Warwicks. Kelly's Warwickshire Directory 1900 -1928 (Langford Ridsdale - Managing Director). The brickworks and the colliery were situated either side of the Coventry Canal close to the village of Alvecote in Warwickshire. It seems that in the 1941 the name of the company was changed to the Alvecote Colliery Co Ltd., and the colliery was renamed Alvecote Colliery. Photo and info by Frank Lawson


The Walham brick works which was situated just off Sandhurst Road in Longford, Gloucester, was run by Maria Tandy in 1881. Her nephew Frank Tandy was the proprietor in 1897 and continued to be listed at the Longford Works in Kellys 1897, 1902, 1906& 1914 editions. Info by Martyn Fretwell and David Kitching. Photos by Martyn Fretwell.

Taylor, Brookfield, Bolton

Photos by Alan Davies.

H Taylor

Found in Shawforth, north of Rochdale. Possibly a product of the works at Tonacliffe just south of Shawforth which was operated by Taylor & Lord in the 1860s trading as the Whitworth Vale Brick & Tile Company. The works closed with the materials of a kiln and drying shed sold off in 1869. The date is certainly about right for bricks bearing the Percy's Patent imprint. Photos by David Kitching.

John Taylor, Exchange Buildings, Manchester

Could this be the office address of Taylors, Bury? Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

J Taylor Patent, Linthurst

John Taylor is recorded in Kelly's 1860 edition to it's 1872 edition at Linthurst, Lickley, Bromsgrove. John is also listed in the Bromsgrove Trade Directory from 1865 to 1878 as brick & tile manufacturer & coal merchant at Newton Linthurst, Blackwell. From the two entries, John made bricks for 18 years.  Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell, with the information provided by Bromsgrove Library.

R Taylor, Washwood Heath

Richard Taylor first operated the Heath Brickworks, Saltley which was located next to the Birmingham & Warwick Canal & he is listed in Kelly's 1867 & 68 editions at Saltley. Richard Taylor then relocated to a new works on Washwood Heath Road in the 1870's. We then find that Richard Taylor was next in partnership with Edward Hales as Taylor & Hales & they are listed in Kelly's 1878 & 79 editions at the same works. Taylor then left the partnership around 1883 leaving Hales to carry on at Washwood Heath until 1905.  Also see Taylor/Hales & Hales entries. A 1889 map showing the Washwood Heath Road works along with the many other brickworks in the Saltley/Garrison Lane areas of Birmingham can be seen at this link. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Chris Thorburn Collection.

Taylor & Hales

Richard Taylor & Edward Hales are listed in Kelly's 1878 & 79 editions at Washwood Heath. Taylor then left the partnership around 1883 leaving Hales to carry on at Washwood Heath until 1905. Also see entries for Edward Hales, Washwood Heath & R. Taylor, Washwood Heath. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Chris Thorburn Collection.

Taylor & Hoyle, Greave

Greave is a district of Bacup to the right of Todmorden Road a few hundred yards from Bacup centre. The works was operating in 1869.  Found in Stacksteads.  Photo and info by Colin Driver.

Taylor & Son, Dumbleton: see Dumbleton

Taylors, Jericho, Bury

Taylor's Bricks ( Jericho ) Ltd, Smethurst Hall Brickworks, Jericho, Bury, Greater Manchester. Site operated 1870 - 1910 - Angus Glasgow.

Photo by courtesy of Colin Driver.

Photo by Jason Stott.

Tebbutts Patent Safety

Charles Goodman Tebbutt of Huntingdon, patented his safety bricks for stables, cattle markets, sheds, pens & yards on the 20th July 1884 in England & on the 12th April 1887 in the USA. His safety bricks were designed so man could walk comfortably without slipping & animals could stand or walk without slipping, with or without straw. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Tees Scoria

A Tees Scoria paving brick spotted in Yarm high street. Photo by courtesy of the Ian Stubbs collection. 

Derek Barker writes: this is not really a brick in the sense of being a ceramic building material. Basically these were units made in moulds from molten iron-making slag. Scoria is an older name for slag or ashes.  Scoria blocks were produced by the Tees Scoria Brick Co., based near the Skinningrove Iron Co. works in Cleveland. I have only seen these used as road-making setts and I believe the company existed from the late nineteenth century until the 1960s, making setts of increasingly complex design. They can be recognised by their blueish colour. I think they are most common in the north of England and are plentiful in Whitby and York.

Tellwright & Watkin

The 1879 trade directory shows Telwright (sic) & Watkin as brickmakers in Cobridge, between Hanley and Burslem. I can find no subsequent reference to this business so it looks like a short-lived venture. Tellwright and Watkin were operating Cobridge Colliery in c1880 and Sandbach Colliery in 1882. In 1877 there was a brickworks adjacent to the colliery with three round kilns. By 1900 all had been cleared away. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Temperley, Todmorden

Fred & Jack Henry, Temperley, Todmorden.  Photo by David Kitching.

W. Temple

Spotted by Alton in Newcastle on Tyne.

J Terry

J Terry, Gawthorpe, Ossett, West Yorks. Kelly's West Riding Directory 1857. Photo by Frank Lawson courtesy of the PRBCO collection.

Tetlow & Sons, Littleborough

Honour Matthews built a brick and tile works on land at the opposite side of the Rochdale Canal from the newly erected Sladen Wood Mill near Punchbowl Lock at Summit,Littleborough in 1852. It was about a half mile from the Summit Brickworks on the Littleborough side.  In 1857 the works was sold to John Tetlow,who then traded as J.Tetlow & Sons,Fire Brick & Sanitary Tube Manufacturer (Castleton).  John snr. died in 1883,and his son also John took over the business.  In 1898 John jnr.was found guilty of defrauding Manchester City Council of '5000 over a period of 10 years. He went to jail for 3 years.  Clay and some coal was transported by tramway from Lower Sladen and Greenvale,some distance away.Apparently this eventually made the works uneconomical to run,so brickmaking ceased and it was sold to Fothergill & Harvey who had several mills close by. (One report says this was in 1889,another 1911).  Harvey's used some of the buildings for the manufacture of an experimental type of clinker block,which was used to build the Timbercliffe Estate now covering the site.The chimney remained until the 1920's.  Photos by Jason Stott and info by Colin Driver.

Thackrah and Peirce

Joseph Thackrah and Peter Peirce were both builders in Stockport, Cheshire in the 1860s. In 1865 their brickworks was on land between Turncroft Lane and Woodbank Park, Stockport.

Thackwell, Cheltenham

Photo by Dave Crewe.

The How Brickworks

 John Saint owned The How brickworks in the 1870's and Kelly's 1877 edition lists John Saint at Sheepmarket & The How Brick & Tile Works, St. Ives, Cambridgeshire.


There are no trade directory entries for Thetford, but a brickworks is shown operational north of the town on the 1881 map & then marked as disused on both the 1903 & 1926 maps. Info & Photos by Martyn Fretwell.

Thomas, Derby

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Thomas, Torquay

Richard, Thomas & Co, Santon

This is from Santon in Lincolnshire close to the Scunthorpe steelworks. Photo by Russell Firth.

Richard, Thomas & Baldwins, Crowle

Richard Thomas & Baldwins were a famous steelmaking company, their history may be read here.  Crowle is near Scunthorpe in Lincolnshire.

Thanks to Michaela for the above photo.

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Crowle Brickworks was adjacent to the Keadby Canal at Crowle Wharfe. During its lifetime it was in the hands of several owners including: - Crowle Brick & Tile Co. Ltd. : Richard Thomas & Co Ltd. : Richard Thomas & Baldwin Co. Ltd. : George Robinson : Oakland Brothers : Redbourne. The works finally closed in 1980. For a history of the works and further information visit: - http://crowle.org/?p=63

Photo by Frank Lawson.

William Thomas, Wellington

Made at Poole Brickworks, Wellington, Somerset.

Photo by Nick Savage.

This is likely to be an early example from the William Thomas, Welington works. Found in Cullompton and photo by Stephen Bosley.

Photo by Louise Baker.

G. Thompson

This was found at Teversal Notts and had the name in both frogs. The N is also the wrong way round.  Thanks to Simon Patterson

Thompson & Beck

Thompson & Beck are listed in Kellys 1884 to 92 editions at Fenton Park, Fenton Culvert, Stoke & then at Queen St, Fenton in Kellys 1896 to 1921 editions. Info & Photographed at Apedale Heritage Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

Thompson, Cadishead

All I can find about this manufacturer is that the works was in Atherton lane, Cadishead and that by the 1880s John Thompson had leased it to William Robinson at a gross rent of £20 per annum. Photo by Steve Biddulph.

Thompson, Chilwell

Edward Thompson of Breaston owned the Chilwell brickworks and is recorded in a London Gazette article dated 2nd January 1866 stating that he had taken over the Chilwell brickworks on the 31st of December 1865 which had previously operated as J.G. Thompson & Company. This company had been owned by himself, John Garton Thompson of Chilwell & Richard Thompson of Chellaston, both of whom had retired from brickmaking. Henry Thompson took over in 1876 and is listed in Kelly's trade directories until 1908 when the entry is Henry Thompson (exors of). In 1912 the listing is for William Thompson (possibly his son) Chilwell & William's entry continues until the 1941 edition. Date of closure is unknown. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell. Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries.

E T Chilwell. Photo by Frank Lawson, Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries.

G Thompson, Wellingboro.

G. Thompson is listed in Kellys 1868 edition as brickmaking on Midland Road in Wellingborough. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.

Jabez Thompson, Northwich

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Info about this brick can be read at this link & photographed at the Lion Salt Works, Northwich by Martyn Fretwell.

Brickmaking in Northwich by Colin Edmondson

I have found out a bit about brickmaking on the River Weaver in the 1790's by way of the Labourer's wage sheets, which list the jobs done during the construction of a lock, Hunt's lock, in Northwich.

They initially brought brick to the site from their own brickworks, but once the excavation was underway and producing clay they made them on site. Tasks noted include excavating, levelling for brick, wheeling clay to brick, casting clay, wheeling brick to kiln, unloading coal, carting clods from the forest, wheeling casing, tending the bank (overnight). These seem to tell the tale of a clamp type kiln, possibly used to dry as well as fire the bricks, comments welcome.

They also unloaded limestone and broke it, built a kiln, fetched straw, cut thatch, sessed straw, thatched lime shelter, running lime.  So they also made the lime for the mortar on site. A brick built lime kiln still stands near to my home.

There is a bit about Jabez Thompson's on the Lion Salt Works site, as they were owners of salt works as well.  It is now the site of the ALDI store. The area of the clay pit disappeared underwater as a result of subsidence caused by uncontrolled brine pumping, I have recently written several booklets about the area and its salt mining past. The flashes were then used for tipping dredgings and later chemical waste, later still within bund walls, followed by use a the town tip, and have now been capped and landscaped and are known as Carey Park.

This one is a paver.

J. Thompson, Jarrow

J Thompson, Peterboro

John Thompson was a Peterborough builder & contractor who opened three brickworks in the 1860's at Eye, Yaxley & south of Woodston in the complex of brickworks we now know as Fletton. These yards only operated on the summer basis taking men & boys on as & when required. Kellys 1869 edition lists John Thompson with his works on London Road, Peterborough. In 1874 Thompson became a director of the Peterborough Patent Brick & Tile Co. Ltd. & he sold his three works to this company. Raising share capital was always an uphill struggle for the company & the purchase of Tucker's Patent Kilns did not yield the output the company was after. There were plans to move to all year production, but this did not happen. The Peterborough Patent Brick & Tile Co. Ltd. with works at Eye, Yaxley & Woodston are listed in Kellys 1877 edition. April 1881 saw the end of the Peterborough Patent Brick & Tile Co. when their works & plant were sold to other brickmakers. There is no connection to the later Peterborough Brick & New Peterborough Brick Company's. Info from Richard Hillier's Clay that Burns book with T.D. dates & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Thompson & Co.

Photo by Chris Tilney.

Found on the Tweed estuary by Andrew Stuart.

M. Thompson & Co., Delaval Colliery, Scotswood, Newcastle upon Tyne. A Tyneside firebrick which would appear to have been exported extensively, however its origin is often misappropriated, the initials 'M.T.&.Co.' being rather vague. Originally produced at Ouesburn, a tributary of the Tyne east of Newcastle', the company is later listed at Delaval Colliery in Scotswood in the 1870's. This example, recovered from the Tyne in the vicinity of those former works, bears the 'tiger-stripes', indicating the ebb and flow of the tide over the intervening 100 plus years!  Photo and info by Arthur Brickman.

Thompson Brothers, Woodville

White's Derbyshire Directory 1857 - Thompson Brothers, (and manufacturers of ironstone earthenware, Rockingham ware, brownstone ware, fire-bricks and red quarries, and dealers in fireclay.  Photo and info by Frank Lawson.

Thompson & Taylor

Worrall's Directory of Oldham for 1884 has Thompson & Taylor, Ridge Hill Lane, Stalybridge, where there seems to have been a brickworks on the site of the former Ridge Hill Colliery. They are also listed as Railway Contractors. Photo by Jason Stott.


Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Thornclays see Thornton Fireclays


Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Associated with Thorncliffe Iron Works & Colliery which were part of the vast Newton Chambers & Co Ltd., industrial empire situated in Chapeltown, Sheffield. Newton Chambers produced a vast range of coal, iron and chemical based products ranging from Churchill Tanks to Izal disinfectant. Photo by Martyn Fretwell & Info by Frank Lawson.


Found in Thorne - a suburb of Doncaster, by Frank Lawson.

C Thornsby

Christopher Thornsby, Carlisle Street East, Sheffield.   White's Directory of Sheffield & Rotherham 1879.  Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Thornton, Shipley

Found by Tony Woods in Shipley, West Yorkshire.  Derek Barker has added: 

It is clearly a glazed fireclay brick and looks reasonably modern, say late nineteenth century. It also looks immaculate; I wonder where it has been? My first thought was that it could be a product of Thornton Fireclay. Their works in Thornton kept going into the 1960s, although latterly they specialised in salt glazed stoneware sewer pipes. However the mark on their house bricks was [THORNCLAY] and I've never heard that they had a presence in Shipley. An alternative suggestion is that 'Thornton' represents Israel Thornton of Wrose Brow brick-works.

In the 1870s the proprietors of Wrose Brow were Messrs. Kitson & Woodhead with Mr Israel Thornton (Cudworth 1876: 406). Simeon Kitson was a local businessman and Jeremiah W. Woodhead was the son of William Woodhead of Manor Potteries, Eccleshill. Israel Thornton (b.1826) was a contractor of Undercliffe and then East Parade who was originally in partnership with his brothers. He was the contractor for All Saints, Horton. He may well have constructed the Wrose Brow brick-works and seems also to be the land-owner. Wrose Brow was originally run by Kitson & Woodhead but they moved on to Wrose Hill. By the 1881 & 1883 Trade Directories we find Israel Thornton, Wrose Brow, Windhill. Israel Thornton was also a town councillor and it was suggested in the later 1870s that he influenced the awarding of contracts.

The West Yorkshire Archives have a plan dated 1873 (BMT/WN/W139) that purports to be the plan and elevation of Wrose Brow works. The plan is of a symmetrical structure with a central chimney and boiler house and two end projections consisting of machine houses and 5 double bays of 'patent ovens'. This design does not produce the structure that appears on the OS maps of the period, but does confirm that I Thornton owned a substantial property in the area. I can't trace him in trade directories after 1883; he died in 1890. [SUTCLIFFE] becomes the Wrose Brow mark (?1888-?1920) and then [SHIPLEY][BRICK]. There were brick-makers in Clayton and Bowling called Thornton, but 'Shipley' is a fatal objection to those.

Thornton Fireclays Ltd., Thornton, Bradford. Research by Derek Barker shows that the works does not appear on the 1921 OS Map. So it is possible that the Company was founded in the mid - 1920's. Salt glazed ceramic drainpipes and their fittings were also made and, despite some retrenchment in the mid - 1930's, firebricks continued to be made up to the mid - 1950's. After this time, concentration was focussed on drainage goods. This brick was found within the internal walls of a piggery at Denholme near Bradford. Image PRBCO.

James Thorougood, Lathom

Found at Cawarden Reclamation by Nigel Furniss.

Found in Lathom, Lancashire. Photos by David Kitching.

I think that these were made by James Thorougood of Lathom, Lancashire. James senior was a Liverpool brewer who lived at Burscough Bridge and his son James Hewitt Thorougood is recorded as a brick manufacturer in the 1901 and 1911 census. The Burscough Junction brickworks is known as Thorougood's to the locals. The earlier works was on the north east side of Platts Lane before James junior was involved and I suspect that his father had an interest in the business in the 19th century. All this is just over the Lathom boundary in Burscough but James junior is listed as born in Lathom so the family presumably lived there at some point.

Thurmaston, Leicester

Thurmaston Brick and Tile first appear in the trade directories in 1875 as Thurmaston Terra Metallic Brick and Tile Company run by Mr. H.T. Porter. The offices were in Halford Street. By 1891 they are listed as Thurmaston Brick and Tile Works with offices in Greyfriars Leicester and works at Thurmaston. The proprietors were A. C. Palmer and Co. Sometime just before the First World War they became part of En-tout-cas Ltd. Of Syston.  Info by Dennis Gamble, photo by Frank Lawson.


Thurstonland Brick & Stone Co Ltd., Thurstonland, Huddersfield, West Yorks.

Found in Worksop by Simon Patterson. Thurstonland is a village near Holmfirth, West Yorkshire.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Chris Shaw.

Tibbington Co, Tipton

Tibbington Collieries and Brickworks Limited, Prince's End, Tipton. The business is listed in Kelly's directory between 1896 and 1904. The 1885 map shows a large brickworks with at least a 100' diameter round continuous kiln that has a standard gauge railway line all around it. This was connected to the LNWR Stour Valley Line, Princes End Branch. A tramway connects the Colliery site no. 8 with the brickworks. The 1901 map shows 6 rectangular kilns, 2 small round kilns, and the round continuous large kiln. There is an
article on a website that states the Tibbington Collieries & Brickworks sale of in 1912 but the works is shown on the 1913 map as disused with the round kiln demolished. Info and photographed at the site of Wolverton Carriage and Wagon Works by Nigel Furniss.


Photo by Frank Lawson.

Two brickworks & coke ovens were opened at the Tibshelf Collieries by Charles Seeley & Company around 1900. See also Sheepbridge Coal & Iron Co. Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell.


The Tickle family were involved in many aspects of industry in and around Maryport. In 1871 George Mason Tickle is listed in the census as living at Crosscanonby as a fireclay manufacturer employing 35 men, 3 women and 7 boys. His father William Tickle was a colliery agent. In 1881 he is now a commission agent and share broker whilst his 76 year old father is shown as a retired fire brick manufacturer. In 1877 a newspaper report states that George was leasing a the land for a brickworks at Cumwhinton from the Midland Railway. This does not seem to be an area with fireclay and only common bricks would have been made there. This leaves the most likely location for the Tickle fire brick works as Birkby Brickworks just south of Crosscanonby. Found in Maryport, Cumbria by Mark Cranston.


This brickworks was owned by Sir John Harpur-Crewe of Calke Abbey and was situated behind Limekiln House in Ticknall. A Scotch kiln still stands in fairly good condition with a collapsed drying shed and other remains, which were in use in 1881. An arched bridge over the road next to Limekiln House was used by a horse drawn carriage to transport bricks to the Ashby Canal until 1915. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Made in Linthorpe near Middlesbrough. Photo by courtesy of the Ian Stubbs collection. 

Tile & Brick Co. Coalville

Spotted at Caly Mills Pumping Station near Burton on Trent by Maurice Stokes.

R Tilsley

This is a product of the brickworks of Richard Tilsley, Lodge Tileries, Trent Vale. He resided at, High Grove, Trent Vale. The works appears in trade directories between 1865 and 1870 but is absent in the 1873-74 edition.  Photo and info by David Kitching.

Joseph Timmis & Sons Ltd.

Photo by David Kitching.

Spotted on the beach at Crosby, Merseyside

The Bradwell Wood Tileries were established in 1849 and operated under the Timmis name until 1924 when William Herbert Timmis sold the business to Samuel and Jabez Wilkinson.

Timmis, Stourbridge

Timmis & Co Ltd started as Timmis Brothers at their River Stour Works in Lye, Stourbridge, in c1871. The business was acquired by Price-Pearson Refractories in 1958. Photo by Graham Brooks.

Found in Barrow in Furness by Richard Cornish. Some works information.

Found at the ruins of the old American-owned "Swift Beef Company" plant in Puerto San Jul'an in southern Argentine Patagonia by Robert Runyard.

Another one that crossed the seas. This was found and photographed at a metal mine in Mina De Sao Domingos, Portugal by Paul Jones.

C S & H W Tinker, Hazlehead, Sheffield

C S & H W Tinker, Hazlehead, Sheffield.  Photo by Steve Horn who writes: Tinkers owned several coal mines in the Holmfirth / Penistone area and were involved with coke ovens and brick works at Hepworth Iron, Hazlehead.

See also the Hepworth Iron entry.

Tinsley Park

Tinsley Park Colliery Co., Tinsley Park, Sheffield. The Tinsley Park Colliery Co owned several collieries in the Tinsley Park area of east Sheffield and this was made at the associated brickworks. Info by Frank Lawson. For more information visit: - www.gracesguide.co.uk/Tinsley_Park_Colliery_Co

Photo courtesy of Graham Hague (Sheffield) collection, made in Sheffield.

Joseph Tipper

Joseph Tipper, Spring Bank, Willenhall, Staffs. is listed in Kellys 1900 to
1912 editions. Photos & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Titford, Black Heath

 Info from a family web site - Samuel Barnett born 1855 was the owner of a brickworks at Titford & also one at Oldbury. So, Samuel could have been the founder of this company ?  Info from the London Gazette records that the Titford Brick Co. Ltd. was wound up on the 14th August 1959. Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Titley, Louth

Kellys 1876 & 85 editions records Charles Titley at 47, Eastgate, Louth, Lincs. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Toll End Colliery Company

The Toll End Colliery Company is listed as a brick manufacturer in trade directories from 1872-1876. Photo by Elizabeth Thomson.

Tomlinson (Gringley on the Hill)

Photos by Frank Lawson.

George Henry Tomlinson is recorded in the 1881 Census as living in Gringley on the Hill aged 37. Born in Gainsborough in 1844 his occupation is given as brick manufacturer employing 10 men & 1 boy. George is listed as brickmaker in Kelly's 1881 to 1904 editions at Gringley on the Hill. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by David Kitching.

Tomlinson (Ilkeston)

Tomlinson, reverse Ilkeston.  Photos by Frank Lawson, courtesy of Derby Museums.

John Tomlinson & Son

John Tomlinson & Son, Carwood Lane Brickworks & Broad Lane, Sheffield - Kelly's West Riding Directory 1881. Lyons Street, Sheffield.   Kelly's Sheffield Directory 1893.  Photos and info by courtesy of Frank Lawson.

W H & F Tomlinson, Shilton

Found in Warwickshire by Darrell R Buckley.

Tomlinson, Summerseat

Photo by Alan Davies.

Photos by courtesy of the Colin Driver collection.

Tomlinson is thought to have taken over the works formerly occupied by the Northern Brick and Terra Cotta Company Limited on the site of the former Springfield Railway Wagon Works between Walmersley and Summerseat soon after October 1900. It is unclear whether the business survived WW1 but the site was cleared and levelled by 1929.

Tomlinson & Harpur

Tomlinson & Harpur, Rowditch Brickworks, Derby are listed in Kelly's 1855 edition. Info & Photographed at Derby Silk Mill Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

An alternative spelling, seen at Cawarden reclamation. Photo by Nigel Furniss.

Tomson, Wisbech

No info. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


Found at Cockburnspath, Berwickshire Scotland, which is an awfully long way from Kent!

Tonge, Middleton: see Middleton and Tonge Brick and Tile Company


 Kelly's 1902 edition lists the Torbay Brick Co. at Collaton St. Mary, Paignton. The 1904 map shows the Torbay Brickworks by name & there are two more works named Collaton & Clayland, all clustered around Clayland Cross. The 1938 map still shows all three brickworks. There is also a National Archives reference to the Torbay Brickworks operating a semi-plastic plant between 1933 & 1940. Today the former Torbay brickworks site is the local Council Depot on Borough Road. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the John Baylis Collection.

Photo by Andrew Florey.

Photo by Tony Lowton.

Towcester Mineral & Brick Co.

In production from 1889 - 1918 using a Hoffman kiln and mechanically pressed bricks at the rate of over 1 million per year. On the western side of the A43, opposite Showsley cottages, the clay-pit and brickworks were managed by Richard Harry until 1901, then owned by himself.  Photo and info by Nigel Furniss


Thanks to Simon Patterson for the photos.

Tow Law

Tow Law Fire Brick Works (J Pickard mngr.) Dan's Castle, Tow Law, Durham  Kelly's Durham Directory 1858. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Images by Chris Tilney.

Towneley Colliery (Brooks & Pickup)

On the reverse frog is stamped BURNLEY. The colliery worked to 1948, and was situated along with the brickworks adjacent to the Todmorden to Accrington railway line, on the southern flank of Burnley by Towneley Park.  Image PRBCO.

Front and back, photo by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Image by David Kitching.

This appears to be an old and probably hand made brick with the B P impression applied by hand as the sister brick (below) I found had the impression towards the corner of the brick. Thought to be Brooks & Pickup and probably from the Cornholme works as was found nearby.  Photo and info by Frank Lawson.

see above

Found in the remains of an old mill in Todmorden by Frank Lawson.

Front and back of a Towneley Colliery brick by Frank Lawson.

Townsend, Hargreaves & Barlow, Bacup

Townsend, Hargreaves and Barlow were colliery proprietors as well as brickmakers. The brickworks was in the Greave area of Bacup.1865 to 1870. Info by Colin Driver.


George Traunter, Queens Road, Manchester, stocks & fancy bricks. The Morning Chronicle, 9th February, 1859 records that brickmakers George Traunter & Samuel Williams of Cheetham, Lancs. had dissolved their partnership, so this brick will have been made after 1859. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Treasure & Son, Salop

Treasure & Son, builders & contractors in Temeside, Ludlow, Shrops. were established in 1747 & today this company is still going strong, specialising in the renovation, repair & conservation of old & historic buildings. From around 1895 to 1900 Henry Hurle Treasure owned the Buttington Brick & Terra-Cotta Works near Welshpool & this is where he made his Treasure & Son Salop. bricks. In 1900 Henry Treasure liquidated the Buttington Brick & Terra-Cotta Co. & the lease on the brickworks reverted back to the Earl of Powis who then re-assigned the lease to Mr. W.H. Thomas in 1901. This information came from the Shropshire History website. We then find that Edward Oakwell who also operated a brickworks in Wombwell, South Yorkshire operated the Buttington Brickworks from 1902 to 1945, with the Buttington brickworks eventually closing in the mid 1970's. Photos and info by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Tregonning Hill

Tregonning Hill Clay & Brickworks SW605299. Photos by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.


Trelonk Brickworks SW886412. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Trent Vale

The Trent Vale Brick & Tile Co, Trent Vale Tileries is listed in Kelly's Directory from 1921 to 1940. Info & Photo by David Kitching.

Trent Valley Brick Co. Stafford / Little Haywood

Trent Valley Brick & Tile Co. (William Kirkby, proprietor) Little Haywood, Stafford. Kelly's Staffs. 1908.  Photo & Info by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Tricker, Suffolk

White's 1844 edition lists John & Edmund Tricker as brickmakers in Little Cornard, Sudbury, Suffolk. 1844 was also the year Edmund died. Kellys 1865 edition records Mrs. Mary Ann Tricker (Edmund’s wife) as brickmaker at Little Cornard, Sudbury, so it was probably in the 1860’s that this brick was made. The works is next recorded as being owned by Henry John Seger in Morris 1868 edition. Info & Photographed at the Museum of East Anglian Life by Martyn Fretwell.

Trotter, Haines & Corbett, Stourbridge

Found in Littleborough by Colin Driver.

This massive brick was found in Stourbridge. Photo by Benjamin Jones

Trower, Redhill

Made in Redhill, Surrey.  Photo by Richard Symonds. Link to history of brickworks.

Tucker, Loughborough

The TSL bricks were a very fine textured Hand Made brick made in a typical Leicester Light Red and also a very fine Purple The TSL was considered one of the best Hand Made bricks. Info by Peter harris.

G Tucker & Son Ltd, Loughborough, Genuine Handmade.  Found near Epperstone, Notts by Frank Lawson.

  Found by Martyn Fretwell.  Tucker's later became part of the Butterley Co.

Made in 1888, Photographed at Cadeby Reclamation yard by Martyn Fretwell.

Found in Wolverhampton by Simon Patterson.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, found near Thurgarton.

Photos by Martyn Fretwell

 Found at Willoughby-on-the-Wolds, between Nottingham and Leicester by Alan Murray Rust.

John Tomlinson writes (July 2011): we have found a large number of  these bricks at the National Trust Quarry Bank Mill site in Styal, Cheshire.  The Trust acquired the kitchen garden, which dates from about 1810, in August 2010. The bricks were found there - and one has just turned up in an on-going archaeological dig looking for a melon house.

The name is on the end of this brick & was a trade name belonging to G Tucker & Son Ltd, Loughborough, which was taken over by Butterley/Hanson in 1964. This could be a post 1964 example. The Multiruf trade name is still used & made by Hanson at it's Desford Works in Bagworth, Coalville, Leics.  Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Photographed in situ in a 1963 built bungalow by David Haslam.

Found by Mark Cranston in Fife, Scotland along with other Tucker bricks.

Photo by Richard Thorpe.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Presumably not enough room to fit the E on the end!  Thanks to Darren Haywood for the photo.   A brand name of G Tucker (see entry above).


Made at Tudhoe Colliery which was owned by the Weardale Steel, Coal & Coke Co. Ltd. Photos by Chris Tilney.


Tudor was a name used by Crossley of Middlesbrough.  This example by Percy Crossley was found by Jo Crossley.

Tudorstyl: see Tucker, Loughborough


A product of the Tunstall Brick & Tile Co, Newfields, Tunstall. which is only listed in the 1889-90 Keates trade directory.  Photo and information by David Kitching.


The Industrial Museum at Bradford was recently asked to identify an example of this brick which was seen at Portsmouth Naval Dockyard. The image here was taken, with permission, from the Kent based Wallwork Family website which contains many beautiful photographs of artefacts and examples of natural history. It can be found at: http://www.wallwork.me.uk/index.html. The Tunbridge Wells Museum have since confirmed the brick was produced by the High Brooms Brick and Tile Works who were in business 1885-1968. Thanks to Derek Barker.  More info here.

T. Turner

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, found at Ancaster, Lincs.

Turner, Beverley

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

Frederick Turner

Frederick Turner is listed as brickmaker in Lavenham in Kellys 1892 to 1900
editions. Info & Photographed at the Museum of East Anglian Life by Martyn Fretwell.

Turner, Stamford

The works was in Stamford, Lincolnshire. Photo by Eddie Ball.

Thomas Turner

Thomas Turner's Swindon Tile & Pottery Works was in Drove Road, Swindon he purchased the clay pits, brick, tile and pottery works in what is now the Queen's Park around 1875. The works continued in production until after 1900.

Turton Moor Sanitary Pipe Co. Ltd.

Not a brick but a 6 inch pipe found on Turton Moor.   Started life as Turton Moor Brickworks in 1868. Then in 1893 as Turton Moor Sanitary Pipe Co. Ltd. - Charters Moss, Egerton - Sanitary Pipe & Plastic Brick Manufacturers. In 1901 it became Darwen Sanitary Pipes Ltd. Closed 1911.  Photo and info by Colin Driver.

Tushingham, Whiston

Whiston and Huyton are between St Helens and Liverpool.

20 Well (Twentywell)

Found in Hasland, near Chesterfield by Simon Patterson.  Tim Lawton writes: I believe the brick was made at the Twentywell Brickworks located in Bradway, Sheffield, adjacent to the railway cutting off Twentywell Lane.  From what I can glean from the old ordnance survey maps, the works was in operation from at least 1875 through to the 1950s (maybe later). Interestingly the works seemed to manufacture stoneware also. Malcolm Adlington adds:  Twentywell closed in 1939, but wasn't demolished until the late 1950s or early 1960s

photo courtesy of Graham Hague (Sheffield) collection

Photo by Alan Murray-Rust.


This works, opened in about 1867, was situated in the north-east corner of the crossing of the railway at Twywell station by the Kettering to Stamford road.  Built by Thomas Walters, an iron ore proprietor in the area, the yard was probably acquired by P. Phipps and Co.Ltd. (the Northampton brewers) about 1873 when the Newbridge Iron Co. acquired the ironstone interests.  By 1888 there were several kilns at work but by the middle 1890's the yard had closed.  Information supplied by Barry Ford and the picture was taken by his wife Annie Ford.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.

Tymms, Marple

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

This brick was discovered during works on the Bosley locks on the Macclesfield Canal. It was manufactured at the Klondike Brickworks of J & M Tymm in Rose Hill, Marple. The works was opened in the 1880's and remained in production until 1913 when the site was sold to Marple Urban District Council.

The front and back of a Tymms brick.  Found by Frank Lawson in Chinley


Found on the Tweed estuary by Andrew Stewart.

Tyne Fire Brick Works, Dunston, Gateshead. Photo by Chris Tilney.

Tyne Vale

This brick is believed to have been made at the Tynevale brickworks in Dunston, west of Gateshead. Photo and info by Chris Tilney.



Info at this link. Photo courtesy of the John Baylis Collection by Martyn Fretwell.

Letter U

United Pboro

The United Brick Co. Ltd is listed in Kelly's 1914 & 16 edtions at Lattersley Fields, Whittlesea with the office in Cowgate, Peterborough. Info & Photo courtesy of the Bill Richardson collection at Southwick Hall by Martyn Fretwell.

Upho or Upholland - see Ravenhead Sanitary Pipe & Brick Co.


This was a colliery in the Wakefield area. The Upton Colliery Company was formed in 1923
and the pit closed in 1966. Like so many collieries it seems to have had its own brickworks. Thanks to Derek Barker for the info.

Ushaw Moor Colliery

Photo by Chris Tilney.


Photo by Chris Tilney.

  Made at Usworth Colliery near Sunderland, thanks to Bill Richardson.


Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Utopia bricks were made by the Aldridge Brick and Tile Company. Utopia's were particularly popular in the construction of air raid shelters, due to their extreme hardness.  There were three plants, which did engineering bricks, hand made and blue bricks.  The firm closed in 1965, and Aldridge was taken over by the Ibstock Brick Company.  Thanks to Darren Haywood for the contribution.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell, found in Derbyshire.

Letter V

Vane, Londonderry

Peter J Davison (Brickworks of the North East) attributes the initials "V L " to Vane - Londonderry with works at Pensher & West Rainton. The Marquess of Londonderry whose family name is Vane was a major industrialist in the Durham coalfield and owned several collieries and associated brickworks. Info by Frank Lawson.

Vass, Leicester

Albert Henry Vass is recorded as Brickmaker, living at Ingarsby House, Uppingham Road, Leicester around 1905. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Eli Vassar

Whites 1890 edition lists Eli Vassar as brickmaker at New Walsoken, Wisbech. Kellys 1892 & 96 editions records Eli Vassar with the address of 47, Norwich Road, New Walsoken. Then in Kellys 1904 edition the entry is now Ernest Vassar, Ferndene, Norwich Road, New Walsoken. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Vernon, Poynton

At the Park Pit site brickmaking recommenced in 1937 after the closure of the Poynton collieries. A private company, the Poynton Brick Co. used shale from the colliery tip to make bricks using an open topped kiln of the Scotch type. In a 1939 trade directory the works is described as run by the Vernon Brick Co., and soon after was taken over by J & A Jackson. The machinery was situated in the old colliery power house and the bricks with "Vernon Poynton" on the face could still be found in the press until the works was demolished in the early 1970s. The plant was electrified in 1956 and the kiln had a top put over it, but production ceased in 1958. Maximum output was 65,000 bricks per week.  Thanks to David Kitching.

Photo by Ian Castledine.

Photographed at Corris by Martyn Fretwell.


George Henry Verrall produced bricks at his Dullingham Ley works near Newmarket from 1880 to 1900. G.H. Verrall is listed in Kellys 1883, 88 & 96 editions as brickmaking at Dullingham Ley & in the 1883 edition as residing at Sussex Lodge, Snailwell Road, Newmarket. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


This intertwined E.J.A. Verwood brick was made by E.J. Adams & he is listed in Kelly's Dorset 1911 edition at Verwood Station, Verwood, Dorset. The next entry for this works is Verwood & Gotham Brick & Tile Co. The Verwood Station, Verwood in Kelly's 1915 edition.

Photos & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Victoria Brickworks, Hebburn

Victoria Brickworks, Hebburn, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. The London Gazette for 22 September 1905 records the receivership of John Robert Robson, lately carrying on business at Victoria Brickworks, Hebburn. Photo by Mark Cranston.

Victoria Brick & Tile Works, Aldridge, Staffordshire

In 1872 the works is listed as William & John Beddow and in 1880 it becomes just John Beddow. Beddow & Sons is recorded as making blue & red bricks, pipes & tiles at his Victoria Brick & Tile Works, Aldridge, Walsall in Kelly's 1896 edition through to 1940 edition. Info by Martyn Fretwell, photo by Frank Lawson.

 Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

This may be a Beddow product but there is no record of him ever advertising his business as the Victoria Brick & Tile Co. Found near Papplewick pumping station in Notts. by Alan Murray-Rust.

Victoria Garesfield Colliery

Victoria Garesfield Colliery near Rowlands Gill, Tyne & Wear.  The colliery brick-works started c1875 and closed 1928. After that the seggar clay from the mine was sent down to the Lily Brickworks at Rowlands Gill and thereafter all bricks had Lily on them. They were more orange in colour with a slight glaze. Info by Angela Lee.

This is a later brick c1880 which the brick houses in Victoria Garesfield were built with. This one comes complete with thumb print - there are some with a cat's paw on!  VGC also produced some with a curve on one end - used around the windows and doors and an extra long one with no name on - used as a wall tie on the off-shot pantry. The main part of the houses were built 3 bricks thick.

The brick works closed c1928 and production was then at the Lilley brickworks in Rowlands Gill and those bricks stamped Lily.  Photo and info by Angela Lee.

Photo by Tony Gray.

Victoria, Studley

Studley is a village near Stratford-on-Avon. Photos by Frank Lawson.

Victoria Works, Lutterworth

The Victoria Works were owned and run by George Law and James King up to 1891. In the trade directory for 1895 James King was the only person named but in the listing for 1899 he is in partnership with Thomas L. Ridley. It continues as King and Ridley for a few years but in the entry of 1916 they are only listed as builders. Photo and info by Dennis Gamble.

Victoria Works, Warham, Dorset

The Victoria Works, Wareham was also known as the Sandford Works & production at this works first started around 1850. I have found two entries in Kelly's Brick & Tile section for this works. The 1880 listing is Sandford Cement, Artificial Stone, Brick & Sanitary Pipe Co. Ltd, Walter Mantell manager, Sandford Works, Wareham, Dorset. The 1895 listing is Sandford Pottery Co. J.H. Shaw proprietor, Sandford Pottery, Wareham, Dorset. The pottery closed in 1966 & the site is now a housing estate. A photo of a similar brick to this one is shown a BBC web page as being made by Sandford Pottery. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.
Link to photos of the works.

Vigo Brick Company

The Vigo Brick Company was named after Vigo House and area just off Bedford Road in Northampton. A brickyard was in operation there in 1830. Maps of 1847 show two 'L' shaped kilns and an early circular downdraught kiln. In 1877 the name changed to Vigo Brick & Tile Co. Ltd. By 1881 a large rectangular continuous kiln had been installed, and by 1901 there are three circular downdraught kilns clustered around the continuous. A further change in title to the Vigo Brick, Tile, Land Investment, and Advance Co. Ltd. comes by 1894. The works closed shortly after 1910 and the site became a tannery.

G Vint & Bros

Trade directories would suggest G. VInt & Bros, Green Lane, New Wortley, Leeds1877. Found at Fulneck, Pudsey, West Yorkshire. Image PRBCO.

Found in a reclaimed roofing yard near Aberdeen by Ian Suddaby.


A modern firebrick, photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Charles Vining

Charles Vining is listed at his brickyard in Lower Kingston, Yeovil in trade directories for 1830 and 1842 after which his son Richard continued the business for a while. Info by Bob Osborn who has written more about Charles Vining. Photo by Brian Murless, archivist of the Somerset Industrial Archaeological Society. More information about brickworks in Yeovil can be found on Bob Osborn's website.

Vitros: see North Stafford Brick & Tile.

Next page: English bricks, page 22, Letters W to Y 
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