"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

England - page 18, letters O and Pa to Ph below:

Letters Pi to Q next page

Letter O


James Oakes,Bank Top,Station Road, Stoneclough is listed in Worralls 1870.Axon's 1881,1885,and Kelly's 1886.In 1894 a John Oakes is listed as owner of the Croal Brickworks at Cemetery Road, Farnworth. This one is still listed as late as 1928 (Tillotson's).  Found in Bolton. Photo and info by Colin Driver.

Oakes's Plastic, Farnworth.  Photo by David Kitching.

James Oakes, Nowton

James Henry Porteus Oakes (b1821) of Nowton Court, Bury St. Edmunds operated his estate brickworks from 1875 to the year of his death in 1901. The Oakes family where also bankers in the firm of Oakes, Bevan & Co. (later Oakes, Bevan, Tollemache Co.) which was taken over by the Capital & Counties Bank in 1900. C. & C. Bank was then acquired by Lloyds Bank in 1918. Info & Photographed at the Museum of East Anglian Life by Martyn Fretwell.


As these bricks are all from the same area I am assuming they were all made by the same company:

Wombwell is near Barnsley, thanks to Ian C for the photo.

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Link to history of the works here

Oakwell, Ilkeston

Oakwell Brickworks closed in 1930 and was in Ilkeston, Derbyshire, Thanks to Ian Castledine for these two photos.  Also see the entry for Ilkeston Colliery.

Thanks to Darren Haywood for the photo.

There are some recent photos of the remains of Oakwell brickworks here.

Oates and Green, Halifax

The rather owl-like impression in the centre of this plain brick consists of the letters O, G and H.  This was the trademark of Oates & Green of Halifax, West Yorkshire.  The mark has been confirmed from their company notepaper.  I don't have complete information about this brickmaker but Oates & Green were situated at Horley Green Road, Halifax by 1881.  In the late 19th century they formed part of an association called the Halifax Brick Company, together with: Mortons of Siddal, Swan Bank, and Charlestown Bricks.  In 1908 they are attested as owned by Leeds Fireclay Co.  Part of their enterprises were probably bought out by George Greenwood & Son.  Photo and information by Derek Barker.

A brick produced before amalgamation within Leeds Fire Clay Company ( 1889 ). Image PRBCO

The front and back of an Oates & green brick found near Bolsover. Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photographed at North Shropshire Reclamation yard. by Martyn Fretwell

Found in Riccall, North Yorks by Ian Prest.

Ockley Brickworks (A.K.A. Ewhurst and Smokejacks)

Sue is interested in the history of this one.  Found underneath an old path in a garden in Harrow, Middlesex.  James has now filled in some info:  I saw what looked like a familiar local brick to me on your Mysteries page.  O.B could be Ockley brickworks (AKA Ewhurst and Smokejacks) in Surrey. These bricks were known as Double Diamonds and are pressed bricks. Works is currently just producing specials for other local Wienerberger works.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Dave Johnstone believes this to be the Ewhurst Brick Co.

Vicky spotted this one in a wall in Oxford.  What appears to be an arrow is actually two diamonds.

Old Bank

Found in Westbury, Shropshire by Mike Shaw.


Oldcotes was a trade name used by the Maltby Brick Co. when this brickworks was a wholly owned subsidiary of Nottingham Brick PLC. Production of these bricks started in 1985, but had ceased by 1989. To differentiate from the company's wire cut bricks these Oldcotes branded bricks were made to resemble a brick made in Sussex & this range was named after the village of Oldcotes in Nottinghamshire. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Oldfield, Fenton

Photographed on the seashore at Crosby, Merseyside.

Oldfield, Norton

This brick was found at Quay Street, Scarborough. The Norton in question is south of the River Derwent in  the former East Riding on the opposite bank to Malton, in the former North Riding. Oldfield & Sons are listed as brick and tile manufacturers in Kelly's Directory for the North & East Ridings of 1893 at Scarborough Road, Norton and Henry Oldfield in Kelly's of 1905 also Scarborough Road, Norton. Photo and info by Chris Hall.

Old Linthorpe

Photo by courtesy of the Ian Stubbs collection.

Old Park, Shropshire

The site of the Old Park brickworks was situated next to today's junction 5 of the M54 at Telford & was in operation between 1809 & 1874. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Ollerton Double Pressed

Photographed by Simon Patterson in North Nottinghamshire.


I have established that Isaac & Joseph Onions operated 3 brickworks in Wolverhampton between them, with Isaac operating the Monmore Green works between 1896 & 1904. Then the Parkfield works was first run by Joseph from 1900 to 1904, with Isaac taking over from 1908 to 1912. The Craven Works, Cockshutts Lane was established by Joseph in 1908 and was then run by Isaac from 1912 to 1916. All these dates & works information came from Kelly's Directory. Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Made by Crossley, Middlesbrough.  Photo by Alwyn Sparrow

A. Ormrod, Orrell

The Orrell & Winstanley brickworks was situated just south of the goods yard at Orrell & Upholland station. Ormrods sold out to the Orrell Brick and Tile Co Ltd in c1904. The works closed in c1969, being demolished four years later. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Ormrods, Bolton

James Ormrod & Sons, Bolton. Photo by Henry Lisowski.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

James Ormrod and Sons, Shipton Brick and Tile works, Bolton. Listed in Kelly 1901. Image PRBCO.

The Ormrod Bros. - Peter,James and William - owned individually and jointly several brickworks in the greater Bolton area in the latter half of the 19th century.  Some of these were: Shipton Brick & Tile works, Chorley Old Road, Heaton Brickworks, Markland Hill Lane, and Eskrick Steet Brickworks, Brownlow Fold. Info by Colin Driver.


Made by the Ormsgill Brick Co, Ormsgill Lane, Barrow in Furness.  The date of production was c1875 - c1920 and possibly owned for a time by the Furness Brick Company. Info Angus Glasgow and image PRBCO

Found in Barrow in Furness by Richard Cornish

Orrell B & T Co. Wigan

Photographed on the seashore at Crosby, Merseyside.  ORRELL BRICK & TILE COMPANY LIMITED, At an Extraordinary General Meeting of the above-named Company, duly convened, and held at 13 Chorley Old Road, Bolton, Greater Manchester on 9th August 1978, the following Special Resolution was duly passed: That the Company be wound up voluntarily, and that Alan Blinkhorn of 13 Chorley Old Road, Bolton, Greater Manchester be and he is hereby appointed Liquidator for the purposes of such winding-up." W. Southern, Secretary. Info by Frank Lawson.


H. Orton, brickmaker, Kings Newton, Melbourne, Derbys. P.O. Directory 1855 edition.  Info & photographed at Derby Silk Mill Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

T Osborne

T. Osborne is believed to have been a local Nottingham maker in 1860. Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell. Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries.


Found near Brighouse, West Yorks by Frank Lawson - Ossett is a town close to Wakefield.

Oswestry Coal & Brick Co.

Link to full history. Photographed at Cawarden Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.  Also see the entry for Sweeney.


Made at Otterham quay in Kent and spotted by Vicky in Oxford.

Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.

Outwood, Stoneclough, Manchester

This brickworks with it's colliery was located between Radcliffe and Outwood near Manchester. The colliery closed in 1931 and was followed by it's brickworks, coal yard, power station and associated railway. The land was first acquired by Lancashire County Council then Greater Manchester Council in the 1970's and was later transformed between 1994 and 1999 by Bury Council into the Outwood Forest Park.  Photo & Info supplied by Martyn Fretwell.

Owen, St. Albans

 O.ST.A. stands for Owen, St. Albans. Joseph Fenwick Owen started this works in 1899. His son, also named Joseph Fenwick Owen, followed his father at this works until it closed around 1941. Kelly's 1902 to 1937 editions records this works as Hill End, St. Albans & was next to Hill End Railway Station. The Owen family operated a 2nd works at Ayot's Green, Welwyn between 1912 & 1941. Then a 3rd works at Gustard Wood, Wheathampstead which is listed in Kelly's 1922 to 33 editions. The family were also builders based in Wheathampstead. Also see Ayot entry. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Letter P.


John Elliott Page

Elliott Page is listed as brickmaker at the Renhold Brick & Tile Works, Howbury Bridge, Renhold near Bedford in Kellys 1890 & 98 editions. He was also a builders' merchant in Bedford. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Paine, Farnham

Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

John Painter, Oakham

Slater's Directories of Rutland for 1850 and 1858 list Painter, John, brickmaker, Ashwell Rd, Oakham. This brickyard had a longer history and one of the kilns survived until 1987. Some of the later history and brief details of the kiln can be found here. Photo by Grahame Appleby.


 William Palmer & Sons, Leek New Road, Cobridge, Buslem are listed in Kelly's 1904 to 1940 editions. William had a second works at Davenport Street, Longport (see below) & this works is recorded in Kelly's 1912 & 1916 editions. Info & Photographed at Apedale Heritage Centre by Martyn Fretwell.

Palmers, Longport

The brickworks of William Palmers is listed in the 1912 Kelly's trade directory at Davenport Street, Longport. It does not appear in the 1924 edition. Photo and information by David Kitching.


Par Harbour brickworks SX076532. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum


J & G Parish(?) found in West Bromwich by William Whitehead.  Martyn Fretwell has done a bit of detective work:
I have not found any listing for J & G Parish, but I have found a George.  First in Kelly's 1868, there is Henry Parish, Church Lane, West Bromwich. Ditto 1872 & 1876 editions.  Also in the 1876 edition on the next line, there is George Henry Parish, Church Lane, West Bromwich, may be brother? Then George only in the last entry for 1880.

Found at the old police station near All Saints Church, West Bromwich. Photo by William Whitehead.

Parish & Handley, Wednesbury

Photo by Darren Walters.


Found at found at Cockburnspath, Berwickshire Scotland.  Possibly from either of the undermentioned works.

Park Brick, Keighley

This brick works survived until quite recently.  In 1879-1880 a Thos Cullingworth, Parkwood St, Keighley is listed as owner.  In an 1881 West Riding trade directory and the 1884 Craven Commercial Directory the owners of the works are given as Cullingworth & Grace, Parkwood Street or Park Lane, Keighley.  Thanks to Derek Barker for the information.

Park Foundry Brick Co.

Park Foundry Brick Co. Belper, Derbys. is listed in Kelly's 1899 & 1900 editions. This brickworks is shown next to the foundry on maps dated 1898 & 1913. The buildings & claypit are still shown on the 1938 map, but not marked as such. The company had been started in 1856 by the Smedley Brothers, who were primarily iron masters making stationary steam engines, boilers & heavy castings & may have only made bricks for their own & local use, first at a brickworks next to their Eagle Works & then at their Park Foundry Works from 1898. The Company also produced cast iron streetlight columns & is best known for making the seaside piers at Brighton & Morecambe. Brick production may have finished by 1940 & after a takeover in 1949 the Park Foundry Co. was renamed Parkray, producing the 'Siesta' solid-fuel boiler for the home. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Found in Derbyshire by Martyn Fretwell.

From the Phil. Sparham collection, photo by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Frank Lawson.

C B Parkes, Gorstyhill

Photo by Mike Shaw and by courtesy of the Nick Southwick collection.  Gorstyhill was in Worcestershire.

Parkfield Brick, Saltley, Birmingham

The Parkfield Brickworks situated just south of Adderley Park railway station on Bordesley Green Road was opened by C.P. Bond in the 1880's & operated as the Parkfield Brick Co. The company is listed in Kelly's 1890 to 1905 editions & this is followed by the listing of the Parkfield & National Brick Co. in the 1908 edition. The works closed in 1908. Also in this 1908 entry for the company there is a second works listed at Keeley Street/Watery Lane.  Now this Keeley Street works had belonged to John Bond up to Kellys 1905 edition, so I am taking it that C.P. Bond was John Bond's relation (still to be established) & had taken over John's works after he went to America to establish a brickworks there. John Bond also owned the Globe Brickworks until 1875 when he sold it a consortium who formed the Globe Brick Co. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Chris Thorburn Collection.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.


Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Found at Oxspring, S. Yorks.  Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Parkinson & Spencer

P S, H X, B F. Made by Parkinson & Spencer, Ambler Thorn, Halifax. Listed from 1917 in trade directories and still operating as Parkinson & Spencer Refractories in August 2012. Image and info PRBCO.

Joseph Parkinson

Joseph Parkinson Greens Lane Helmshore Haslingden.1865-76. Photo and info by courtesy of the Colin Driver collection.

J L Parkinson, Accrington

Found in Rossendale.William (father) and Joseph (son) Parkinson had the brickworks in the Flaxmoss area of Helmshore from 1865 - 1879. William was "from a family of brickmakers who were active in various towns including Blackburn & Accrington" . Joseph went bankrupt at Helmshore in 1879,so whether he then returned to Accrington to make bricks,or he was running a works at Accrington at the same time as Helmshore I don't know. I have no information as to the location of the Accrington works. UPDATE : Further research suggests the Accrington works was on Hyndburn Road.  Photo and info by courtesy of the Colin Driver collection.

William Parkinson, Helmshore

Photo by PRBCO.

William Parkinson, Greens Lane, Helmshore, Haslingden, 1865-76. Info courtesy of the Colin Driver collection.

Parkstone: see entry for G Jennings

Joseph Parr, Bootle

Joseph Parr is recorded as a builders' merchant in the 1894 Kelly's Directory with premises at 242 Strand Rd, Bootle on the corner of Litherland Road. He is also recorded as a builders' merchant in the census from 1881 to 1901. I suspect that he did not actually manufacture bricks but bought them in with his name on. The lettering on the reverse probably represents Davies Brothers, Abenbury Works at Wrexham as the real manufacturer.

Reverse of Joseph Parr, Bootle.

Parry, Cradley

The only information I can find for Parry is in the 1901 Census - William Parry, 29 brickmaker, Blackheath, Staffs, wife Lizzie 28 & children Millicent 6, Kathleen 3. Blackheath today is part of Rowley Regis which is next to Cradley Heath in the West Midlands. Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection, with Info by Martyn Fretwell.

D Parsons, Cradley Heath

D Parsons, Stour Brick Works.  Seen at the Black Country Museum.

Partington, Standish

The Standish Brick & Tile Works was a comparatively short-lived works, which appears to have been established by James Partington shortly before 1870. The works occupied a site off Preston Road, a short distance to the north-west of Standish (Lancashire). The works had fallen into disuse by the early twentieth century, and the buildings are absent from the Ordnance Survey map of 1909. Info by Ian Miller.

W H Parton, Kings Heath

  W.H. Parton & Son is recorded at High Street & works at Kings Heath, Birmingham in Kelly's 1899 & 1900 editions & then there is a gap in directory entries until Kelly's 1913 & 15 editions at the same address. Photos & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by courtesy of the Harold Hands collection.

W. E. Partridge, Kingswinford

Found on the seashore in Crosby, Merseyside

 William Edward Partridge is listed in Kelly's from 1872 to 1904 editions at Kingswinford, Dudley & after his death in May 1904 the company continued & is listed as W.E. Partridge & Co. in the 1908 edition.  Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Partridge & Guest, Old Hill

This company started life as Partridge, Guest & Raybold (blue & red) Old Hill, Rowley Regis (see below) and is recorded in Kellys 1860 to 1872 editions. After Raybold had left the company, it was renamed as Partridge & Guest (blue & red) in Kelly's 1880 edition at Powke Lane, Old Hill, Rowley Regis until the 1900 edition. The 1904 & 1908 editions records the same name & address but just blue bricks. Then in the 1912, 16 & 21 editions, same name & address, but now blue bricks, stable bricks & garden tiles. 1936 is the last entry for Partridge & Guest. Info by Martyn Fretwell & photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Chris Thornburn Collection.

Partridge Guest & Raybould, Old Hill

Partridge, Guest & Raybould are recorded in Jones's Mercantile Trade Directory for 1865 at Old Hill, Cradley Heath. Found at Cawarden Reclamation, Rugeley. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


Passmonds is in Rochdale, photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Made on a 'Patent' brick making machine.

Patent Brickwood

Made by Jabez Thompson, Northwich

Photographed by Gwyn in the ruins of Penrhyn Quarry hospital, Bethesda, Gwynedd.

C Payne

Found in Rugeley, Staffs.  Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Martyn Fretwell writes :- Charles Payne, brickmaker, Mill Pool Hill Brickworks, Mill Pool Hill, Hollywood, Kings Norton, Birmingham is recorded in Kelly's Birmingham 1905 edition

G Payton, Garrison Lane, Birmingham

George Payton. Found at North Shropshire Recycling yard by Martyn Fretwell.  Martyn writes :- George Payton is recorded in Kelly's 1867 & 1868 editions with his works on Garrison Lane & residing at 442 Coventry Road. Ten years later, the next entry I have in 1878, records the company as George Payton (exors of) Garrison Lane. So one can assume George has passed away & the company is still in production. This entry is repeated in the 1879 & 1883 editions.

P Payton, Saltley, Birmingham

Photo by Ray Martin.  Martyn Fretwell writes :- Peter Payton & Co. is listed in Kelly's 1867 & 68 editions at the College Works, Saltley, Birmingham. The College Works are next recorded in Kelly's 1878 edition as being owned by Fredrick Payton.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Chris Thornburn Collection.

J Peach & Son, Shepshed

Photo by Nigel Furniss


A very long established brickyard which first appears in the trade directory for 1828-29 under Thomas Peake & Co, Tunstall. In 1889 it is the executors of the late Thomas Peake and in 1940 it was T. Peake, the Tileries, Tunstall. Photos and information by David Kitching.

John Nash Peake 1837-1905 succeeded his father Thomas in running Tunstall Tileries in 1861 & the company name continued under his fathers name. Info & Photo taken at Apedale Heritage Centre by Martyn Fretwell.


Made by Charles Neaverson who is listed in Kelly's 1898 to 1910 editions, 1st at Peakirk then Werrington, both near Peterborough. Also see Neaverson entry. Photo by LBC Steve & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Pearsil - see E J & J Pearson entry below

E. J. & J. Pearson

Previously Harris & Pearson

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, made in Stourbridge.  One of their metal brick stamps can be seen here.

Photo by Ray Martin.

Found at New Crofton, West Yorks by Frank Lawson.

Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection.

PEARSON (E. J. & J .) LTD., Stourbridge. T.A., 'Firebrick, Stourbridge'. T.N., Brierley Hill 7201/3 (3 lines). London Agency: Room 129, 133 Moorgate, E.C.2. T.N., Monarch 4780. Established 1860.
Sillimanite refractories: tank blocks, feeder parts, regenerator fillings, glasshouse pots, boots, skittles and syphons, pot clays; fire clay refractories; insulating bricks; air setting refractory cements; high alumina refractories; semi-silica refractories; ground fireclays.
Trade Names: Alite; F.R.D.; Groggo; Kaolith; Lermer; P.3.; Pearsil; Peer Cement; Pulver.

Pear Tree

The Pear Tree Glazed Brick and Marl Co, High St, Hanley appear in the 1907 directory. The name derives from the Peartree Pit of the Shelton Collieries which had previously occupied the site. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


Probably made by Henry Pease near Saltburn, History here. John Yeadon has added some info:  it seems to me that this brick was situated on the former Zetland Hotel in Saltburn-by-the-Sea.  The hotel was built by William Pease.  The Wikipedia hotel article says the pale yellow facing bricks were made at Pease West although the information is unsourced.  Pease West Colliery it appears was one of the Pease family coal pits and associated brickworks in County Durham.  Pease would have had no difficulty in both making and moving the bricks this distance as he was a director of the Stockton and Darlington Railway that had been extended to Middlesbrough and then Saltburn.  The Zetland Hotel had its own railway platform.  I don't think the bricks were made in Saltburn as William Pease created Saltburn from a tiny shoreline fishing and farming hamlet in the first place.

Pease, Thorne

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

R L Pedley

Rice Lewis Pedley made bricks at Meir Lane, Caverswall, just outside Stoke-on-Trent, between 1876 and 1884.


Pegswood is a small village 2 miles northeast of Morpeth in Northumberland.  A 1925 Ordnance Survey map on the village, http://communities.northumberland.gov.uk/Pegswood.htm shows a disused Brick & Tile Works.

Found in Longframlington, photo by Alan Murray-Rust.


This brick appears to have its origins in the Northumberland / Durham area.  Priestman and Peile were the owners of Victoria Garesfield Colliery in the 1880's so maybe this brick had some connection but I can find no positive evidence. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


Possibly made at Pelton Fell Colliery, Co. Durham, which had a brickworks from 1938 to 1975. Photo and info by Dave Ashford.


Photo by Bev Parker, link to the Wolverhamptonworks history.


Thanks to Andrew Gardner for the photo. 

Percy's Patent

This appears on the back of Rowland, Dukinfield.  Patent granted to William Carter Stafford Percy, machinist, of Manchester. Two records: 1) on 29 April 1847 for "improvements in machinery for making and dressing bricks and tiles, and in certain sheds and kilns, in which bricks and tiles are dried and burnt", and 2) on 31 July 1858 for "Improvements in arrangements and mechanism or apparatus for the manufacture of bricks, tiles, pipes, and other articles made of plastic earths." There are further patent details from 11th December 1861: 3104. Machinery for making bricks, tiles, pipes and other articles formed of plastic materials. In July 1853 Percy was successfully sued by Henry Clayton for infringing his patent & this stopped Percy from making his modified machines. Clayton also sought compensation from the profits Percy made on the sale of his machines and this may have been the cause of Percy's banruptcy in early 1854 when he spent some time in Lancaster Gaol. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Percy Road - see Burbury Brickworks

Perrens & Harrison, Stourbridge

George King Harrison (1826 - 1906) went into partnership with his cousin William King Perrens in 1850 by purchasing the fire brick firm of J & W King of Lye. Later they expanded by purchasing the small firebrick firm of John Wheeley.  G. K. Harrison lived in Orchard House, built by himself, and had 5 servants. The house was next to Lye railway station and had it's own private flight of stairs to the house from the station. The company is mentioned in the Gas Journal of 1850.  In 1855 they were at the Paris Exhibition.  In 1862 at the London Exhibition.
In 1875 at the Sydney Exhibition where they won several medals for fireclay products.
In 1878 International Exhibition at Paris they won a medal for fireclay products.
In 1879 they won several medals for fireclay products which were exported as far as Japan, and which were used in the Iron, China & Glass Industries. In 1875 Perrens retired from the company leaving Harrison to continue under the name : GEORGE KING HARRISON LIMITED, BRICK & TILE MAKERS.

In July 1904, Graces Guide mentions G. K. Harrison Ltd. as having the Nagersfield Estate plus the Butts Estate plus Buckpool. Land and mines at Brockmoor called the Bank Colliery Eatate, worth '19,384 18s 3d  and,

Hawbush Farm, lands & mines at the rear of Hawbush villas, Brettall Lane House firebrick manufacturers in Brettall Lane, worth '15,827 19s 8d
Total of these in todays money is approx.  '3.63 MILLION.  Harrison also built an electric railway from his Nagersfield pits to the Brettall lane works to transport the clay. The advert for G. K. Harrison claims to have been in business from 1790 to 1960 !  Photo and info by Nigel Furniss.  Adverts for the works can be seen on the photo gallery page.

G K Harrisons's house adjacent to Lye station, photo by Charles H Ball.


Found on Easton Nab near Middlesbrough by Glynis.  The Brickworks were in Cockfield near Bishop Auckland, the owner being J Pescod and it was working from around 1856.  Thanks to Gordon Hull for the info.

Pether's Patent: see Burham Brick & cement Works

Phillips, Lee Moor, Devon

Photos by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Phillips, Taynton

Made in Taynton, Gloucestershire.

Phillips & Roberts, Retford

The only trade directory reference I have found is for William Phillips and he is first listed in Whites 1853 edition at Spittal Hill, Retford, then in Whites 1864 edition at West Retford. So he could be one half of this partnership. Also found that Spittal Hill and the West Retford works were two different yards. Info & Photographed at Bassetlaw Museum, Retford by Martyn Fretwell.

Phillipson, Bolton

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

I Philpott

Photo by Rog, made in Market Lavington, Wiltshire.

Phoenix - Callington

Phoenix Vitrified Paving & Firebrick Works nr Callington SX395715. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Phoenix - Chesterfield

Phoenix Brick Co. Barrow Hill, Chesterfield originally called Campbell Brick. This brick is new.   Thanks to Simon Patterson for the photo.

Photo by Malcolm Adlington

Phoenix Crawcrook

Thanks to Andrew Gardner for the photo.

Photo by Mark Cranston.

Phoenix Wolverhampton

Around 1867, William Shepherd is recorded as Coal Merchant at Union Wharf, Bilston Road, Wolverhampton. He then started manufacturing bricks around 1892 on Granville Street, Wolverhampton with him then moving to the Elm Farm Brickworks on Dudley Road in 1896. Two years later he opened a second works called the Phoenix Brickworks, also on Dudley Road. William was well regarded & respected by the local business community & he went on to build 500 houses around Wolverhampton, providing them for the working classes. William also established a cycle manufacturing business in the town. William is recorded in Kelly's 1892 edition as brick manufacturer on Granville Street & living on Bilston Road. Then from 1896 to the 1908 editions he is listed at Elm Tree Farm Brick Works, Wolverhampton. Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection, with Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Phorpress: see entry for London Brick Company

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